Construction of Xidi Village began during the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127). So far, it has a history of over 900 years. It is famed as being the 'Ming and Qing Dynasty Local Residence Museum'. It has about 124 ancient residences and three ancestral halls, including an archway, Linyun Pavilion, Eastern and Western Gardens, Ruiyu Courtyard, Taoli Garden, Da Fu Grand House and Lvfu Hall. Da Fu is an official title reserved for high ranking government officials in ancient China.
The three carving styles including those on stones, bricks and wood are the most renowned. Tourists can appreciate these exquisite carvings on door frames, lattice walls, columns and beams in the halls. The birds, flowers, grass and figures on them are vividly presented. Both the Ming and Qing Dynasty carvings display poise and refinement.
Encircled by green hills, two streams flow through the village from north and east converging at Huiyuan Bridge. It has two main streets and about 99 lanes. All the streets and lanes are paved with cobbles or black stones. The residences, lanes and streets combine well with the hills and streams.
Lying about 10 kilometers (6 miles) northeast of Yixian County, Hongcun Village enjoys the reputation of 'a village in the beautiful Chinese picture' because of its location at high altitude and being shrouded by clouds and mist. It has about 137 Ming and Qing style residences.
Built with pink walls and black tiles, all the residences are better arranged. Among them, the Chengzhi Hall is the most representative and is praised as the 'Folk Imperial Palace'. Numerous varieties of figures and patterns are carved on the columns, beams and door frames and are gilded with gold. It is said that about five kilograms (11 pounds) gold had been used in gilding the wood carvings during the construction of the house. The Chengzhi Hall is the best preserved. Hundreds of visitors from home and abroad are fascinated by its wood carvings.
Other halls including Jinxiu, Dongxian, Sanli, and Xuren are also worth a visit.
|Admission Fee:||Xidi Village: CNY 104; Hongcun Village: CNY104|
|How to Get there:|| |
Take bus to Yixian County at Tunxi New Bus Station in Qiyun Dadao. When you get to Huangshan by train, take a taxi (about CNY7 for the taxi fare) to Tunxi New Bus Station first. Then, get off the bus some 40 minutes later at the cross road. Then change a minibus (CNY2 per person, ten minutes) to Xidi.
Natural Wonders of Huangshan: 3 Days of Yellow Mountain - Hongcun Village -Tunxi Old Street
Huangshan to Yixian & Shexian: 4 Days to the Yellow Mountain, Hongcun Village, Tangyue Archways
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