In 2006, after six years of construction, Jinsha Site Museum was finally completed. Covering a total area of about 38,000 square meters (9 acres), it mainly consists of Relics Hall, Exhibition Hall, Cultural Heritage Protection Center and Ecological Garden. It is a rare site museum among Chinese museums because of its combination of modern civilization and the civilization of ancient Shu State (Sichuan Province was called Shu State in ancient times), as well as the combination of ecological environment and culture.
Jinsha Site Museum is built to protect, study and display the archaeological finds of Jinsha Site, which was discovered by archaeologists in February 2001. Covering an area of about five square kilometers (1,236 acres), Jinsha Site probably dates back to about 3,000 years ago, the time from the late Shang Dynasty (17th-11th century BC) to the early Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC-476 BC). It is the core of Shang and Zhou Dynasty (17th century BC-221 BC) and the second ancient city of Shu State found only after the Three-Star Piles Museum. Altogether 63 sacrificial spots, 6,000 pieces of precious relics, over 70 building spots and 3 centralized cemeteries were unearthed here.
The “Three Mosts” of Jinsha Site
|Gold Foil of Sun and Immortal Bird|
It is one of the sites that have unearthed the most gold articles compared with others in the same period in China. More than 200 pieces of gold articles have been found, including gold foils, gold films, gold masks, gold belts, Gold Foil of the Sun God Bird, box-shaped gold, flared gold, frog-shaped ornaments, fish-shaped ornaments. Most of the gold items are attachments of other objects as symbols of nobility. These vivid gold objects show the superior technology and exceptional artistic imagination as well as rich ancient history information.
It unearthed the most jade among all its kind of the Bronze Age. More than 2,000 pieces of jade of various kinds are revealed, such as jades in shape of axe, chisel, knife, sword, spear, ring, bracelet, etc. The number of Zhang jades even exceeds the sum of other parts in China. Most of the jades were used for sacrifice.
In addition to the "three mosts", Jinsha Site has another important feature, namely its lifelike stone statues. Kneeling stone figures, stone tigers and stone snakes are the representatives. Using red, black, white and other colors and many smart techniques, vivid human or animal images with flowing lines came out.
Jinsha Site Museum mainly consists of Relics Hall, Exhibition Hall, Cultural Heritage Protection Center and Ecological Garden.
The relics hall is a semicircle with an area of 7,600 square meters (2 acres). The main structure is large span steel structure with column-free space. In this hall, you can feel the grand sacrificing ceremony, life scenes and ecological environment 3,000 years ago. Besides, you can have a close view of the process of archaeological excavation. The hall also displays the exquisite artifacts demonstrating the occurrence, development, and evolution of the civilization of ancient Shu State.
The Cultural Heritage Protection Center is located in the northeast, covering an area of 8,000 square meters (about 2 acres). It is the center for protecting and studying the cultural relics unearthed there. Nearby, there is a little theater. A lot of performances related with Jinsha Culture are played there.
The garden is very beautiful with surrounding ginkgos, metasequoias and other ancient trees. The garden has the "Sun Bird Sculpture", "Western Hills", "Jade Road" and "Ebony Forest" which are worthy of recommendation.
Beside the three main parts, the museum also has an academic lecture hall and a Three Dimensional Theater.
|Admission Fee:||Adults 80 CNY; 3D movies need to pay extra money; |
free on May 18 (Jinsha Museum Day).
|Opening hours:||8:00 - 18:00 (ticket sales is closed at 17:30)|
|Transportation:||1. Start at Shuangliu Airport – take Bus 306 to Jinsha Station, and change to Bus 5 or Bus 111; |
2. Start at the North Train Station – take 52 to the Yingmenkouqiao Station, and change to Bus 7;
3 Start from the center of Chengdu City - Bus 5, 81, or 7 takes you directly there.