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China High-Speed Train (Bullet Train)

Bullet Train

High-speed trains here refer to G, D and C trains in China. Currently, there are over 1,500 pairs of them running daily, weaving a dense net on China’s territory and bringing great convenience for its people and visitors.

Passengers generally prefer to travel by high-speed trains, which should be attributed to their advantages:
1. Fast: The present operational speed is 155mi-186mi/h (250-300km/h), greatly shortening the journey time. For instance, the duration from Beijing to Shanghai has been shortened from a previous 15 hours to about 5 hours by high-speed trains.
2. Punctual: Being different from flights, they are less influenced by weather or traffic control, hence able to arrive at their destinations on time.
3. Convenient: High-speed trains are scheduled more frequently than ordinary ones and many of the high-speed railway stations are reachable by subway, making train travel much more convenient than before.
4. Reasonable price: Although the bullet train ticket fare may be a little higher than an ordinary train, it is much cheaper than a flight. Take the journey from Beijing to Shanghai for instance, a soft sleeper on an ordinary train is CNY476.5, a second class on a bullet train is CNY553; while the full fare of an economic class seat on a plane is over CNY 1,000.
5. Comfortable: The carriages are much better equipped than the old-generation carriages, and can rival airplanes. Seats are wider and softer, windows are bigger, and washrooms are cleaner… All these ensure passengers a comfortable and pleasant journey.
6. Safe: The bullet trains are operated by advanced technological communication systems to ensure passengers’ safety.

 Major High-Speed Railway Routes:

Beijing - Shanghai

Beijing - Tianjin

Beijing - Guangzhou

Beijing - Xian

Shanghai - Guangzhou

Shanghai - Hangzhou

Shanghai - Suzhou
Guangzhou - Zhuhai
Guangzhou - Shenzhen - Hong Kong
Chengdu-Leshan-Emeishan

 
Second Class Seat
  Ticket Types on High-Speed Trains
Tickets on bullet trains are divided into second-class, first-class, business-class, super-class, and sightseeing seats.

China Rail Pass
China Rail Pass is a prepaid card with which passenger can travel by high-speed rail by swiping the card on a self-service check-in machine, and there is no need to buy the paper tickets. Currently, the pass is adopted by bullet trains from Beijing to Tianjin, Shanghai to Hangzhou and Nanjing, Guangzhou to Zhuhai, and Haikou to Sanya.

 Facilities
Facilities on these highballs bring much convenience for passengers. It is possible for passengers to use power points and Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity). In addition, dining, left-luggage and toilets will never be problems.

Development and Current Railway Network
Since the earliest high-speed rail line - Qinhuangdao-Shenyang Passenger Transport Special Line was constructed in 1999, China has developed a widely-used railway network. By the end of 2011, the railway network with the speed of higher than 200km/h covered 10,000 km (about 6,214 mi). By the end of 2012, China had achieved the “Four North-South and Four East-West Network”. At the same time, the intercity high-speed railways also provide much convenience. The total length of such railway is expected to reach around 13,000 km (about 8,078 mi). According to the long-term extension plan, China will own 50,000 km (about 31,068 mi) high-speed railway by 2020.

 Four North-South & Four East-West Network

Line

Open Date

Length (km)

Speed (km/h)

Four North-South High-speed Rail Lines

 Beijing-Shanghai (Jinghu) Passenger Transport Special Line

--

1318

--

Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway (Jinghu Line)

2011/06/30

1318

300

Hefei-Bengbu (Hebeng) Line

2012/10/16

131

350

 Beijing-Hong Kong (Jinggang) Passenger Transport Special Line
(Beijing-Guangzhou High-Speed Railway in operation since 2012)

--

2360

--

Beijing-Shijiazhuang (Jingshi) Line

2012/12/26

281

350

Shijiazhuang-Wuhan (Shiwu) Line

2012/12/26

841

350

Wuhan-Guangzhou (Wuguang) Line

2009/12/26

1069

300

Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Railway
(Guangshengang Line)

Guangzhou – Shenzhen: 2011/12/26;
Shenzhen – Kowloon: 2015

142

350;
Shenzhen – Kowloon: 200

 Beijing-Harbin (Jingha) Passenger Transport Special Line

--

1700

 --

Beijing-Shenyang (Jingshen) Line

 2014

709

350

Harbin-Dalian (Hada) Line

 2012/12/01

921

300

Panjin-Yingkou (Panying) Line

 2013/09/12

89

350

 Hangzhou-Fuzhou-Shenzhen (Hangfushen) Passenger Transport Special Line

 --

1450

 --

Hangzhou-Ningbo (Hangyong) Line

2013/07/01

150

350

Ningbo-Taizhou-Wenzhou (Yongtaiwen) Line

2009/09/28

268

200

Wenzhou-Fuzhou (Wenfu) Line

2009/06/30

298

200

Fuzhou-Xiamen (Fuxia) Line

2010/04/26

273

250

Xiamen-Shenzhen (Xiashen) Line

2013/12/28

 502

200

Four East-West High-speed Rail Lines

 Xuzhou-Lanzhou (Xulan) Passenger Transport Special Line

 --

1400

 --

Zhengzhou-Xuzhou (Zhengxu) Line

2016

361

350

Zhengzhou-Xian (Zhengxi) Line

2010/02/06

505

300

Xian-Baoji (Xibao) Line

2013/12/28

138

250

Baoji-Lanzhou (Baolan) Line

2017

403

250

 Shanghai-Kunming (Hukun) Passenger Transport Special Line

--

 2264

--

Shanghai-Hangzhou (Huhang) Intercity Line

2010/10/26

159

350

Hangzhou-Changsha (Hangchang) Line

2014

927

350

Changsha-Kunming (Changkun) Line

2016

1175

350

 Qingdao-Taiyuan (Qingtai) Passenger Transport Special Line

--

770

 --

Qingdao-Jinan (Jiaoji) Line

2008/12/20

362

250

Shijiazhuang-Taiyuan (Shitai) Line

2009/04/01

225

250

Shijiazhuang-Jinan (Shiji) Line

2015/12

319

250

 Shanghai-Wuhan-Chengdu (Huhanrong) Passenger Transport Special Line

 --

 2078

--

Shanghai-Nanjing (Huning) Line

2010/07/01

301

300

Hefei-Nanjing (Hening) Line

2008/04/18

166

250

Hefei-Wuhan (Hewu) Line

2009/04/01

359

250

Wuhan-Yichang (Hanyi) Line

2012/07/01

291

200

Yichang-Wanzhou (Yiwan) Line

2010/12/22

377

160

Chongqing-Lichuan (Yuli) Line

2013/12/28

264

 200

Suining-Chongqing (Suiyu) Line

2012

 131

200

Dazhou-Chengdu (Dacheng) Line

2009/07/07

 374

160


 Intercity High-Speed Trains

Line

Open Date

Length (km)

Designed Speed (km/h)

Qinhuangdao-Shenyang (Qinshen)

2003/10/12

404

200

Beijing-Tianjin (Jingjin)

2008/08/01

119

350

Chengdu-Dujiangyan (Chengguan)

2010/05/10

68

200

Nanchang-Jiujiang (Changjiu)

2010/09/20

135

250

Changchun-Jilin (Changji)

2011/01/11

108

250

Hainan Eastern Ring Railway

2010/12/30

308

250

Guangzhou-Zhuhai (Guangzhu)

2012/12/31

117

200

Guangzhou-Shenzhen (Guangshen)

2011/12/26

116

350

Shanghai-Nanjing (Huning)

2010/07/01

301

350

Nanjing-Hangzhou (Ninghang)

2013/07/01

249

350

Tianjin-Qinhuangdao (Jinqin)

2013/12/01

261

300

 Adventures by Rail:
 Soul of Beijing & Shanghai: 6 Days of Beijing - Shanghai
 Historical Beijing & Xian: 6 Days of Beijing - Xian
 Golden Triangle: 8 Days Budget Visit of Beijing - Xian - Shanghai

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