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China High Speed Train (Bullet Train)


High speed trains, which are also called bullet or CRH trains, here refer to G, D and C trains in China.

Painted in white or grey with a ‘bullet’ locomotive, they can be easily recognized. Their top speed is 186 mil/h (300 km/h) and is planned to be increased to 217 mi/h (350 km/h) in 2016.

Currently, there are about 2,000 pairs of high speed trains running daily to/from almost every large city and most tourism destinations, along the dense net with a total length of about 11,800 miles (19,000 kilometers).
 
High Speed Train
 Major High Speed Railway Routes:


Ticket Types
Tickets on bullet trains are generally divided into second class seat, first class seat, business class seat, VIP class seat. On a few overnight D ones, soft sleeper and luxury soft sleeper are provided. Also on some D ones when all tickets are sold out, standing room tickets will be issued.

Second Class Seat
First Class Seat
Business Class Seat
Soft Sleeper

 China Rail Pass
China Rail Pass is a prepaid card with which passenger can check in high speed rail by swiping the card on a self-service check-in machine, and do not need to buy the paper tickets. Currently, the pass is adopted by CRH trains from Beijing to Tianjin, Shanghai to Hangzhou and Nanjing, Guangzhou to Zhuhai, and Haikou to Sanya.

 Facilities
Facilities on these highballs are of high standard, similar to those on an airplane. The seats can be rotated towards the moving direction; the seatback can be adjusted to a wanted angle; each passenger is offered a foldable small table; electrical sockets are available in each row or compartment. It is even possible to use Wi-Fi. In addition, dining and toilets will never be problems.

Why traveling by high speed trains?
1. Fast: The present operational speed of China trains high speed type is 155mi-186mi/h (250-300km/h), greatly shortening the journey time. For instance, the duration from Beijing to Shanghai has been shortened from previous 15 hours to about 5 hours.
2. Punctual: Being different from flights, they are less influenced by weather or traffic control, hence able to arrive at their destinations on time.
3. Convenient: CRH trains are scheduled more frequently than normal ones and many of the high speed railway stations are reachable by subway, making rail journey much more convenient than before.
4. Reasonable price: Although the ticket may be a little higher than a normal train ticket, it is much cheaper than a flight. Take the journey from Beijing to Shanghai for instance, a soft sleeper on a normal train is CNY476.5, a second class on a bullet one is CNY553; while the full fare of an economic class seat on a plane is over CNY 1,000.
5. Comfortable: The carriages are much better equipped than the old-generation carriages, and can rival airplanes. Seats are wider and softer, windows are bigger, and washrooms are cleaner… All these ensure passengers a comfortable and pleasant journey.
6. Safe: The bullet trains are operated by advanced technological communication systems to ensure passengers’ safety.
 

High Speed Railway Map (Click to enlarge)

Development and Current Railway Network

Since the earliest high speed rail line - Qinhuangdao-Shenyang High Speed Rail Line was constructed in 1999, China has developed a widely-used railway network.

By the end of 2012, China had achieved the “Four North-South and Four East-West Network”. Lots of the intercity high speed railways connecting two nearby cities or urban and suburban areas of a same city also put into service. According to the long-term extension plan, China will own about 31,068 mi (50,000 km) high speed railway by 2020.

 Four North-South & Four East-West Network

Line Open Date Length (km) Speed (km/h)

 Four North-South High Speed Rail Lines

 Beijing-Shanghai (Jinghu) Passenger Transport Special Line
--
1318
--
Beijing-Shanghai High Speed Railway (Jinghu Line)
2011/06/30
1318
300
Hefei-Bengbu (Hebeng) Line
2012/10/16
131
350
 Beijing-Hong Kong (Jinggang) Passenger Transport Special Line
(Beijing-Guangzhou High Speed Railway in operation since 2012)
--
2360
--
Beijing-Shijiazhuang (Jingshi) Line
2012/12/26
281
350
Shijiazhuang-Wuhan (Shiwu) Line
2012/12/26
841
350
Wuhan-Guangzhou (Wuguang) Line
2009/12/26
1069
300
Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Railway
(Guangshengang Line)
Guangzhou – Shenzhen: 2011/12/26;
Shenzhen – Kowloon: 2015
142
350;
Shenzhen – Kowloon: 200
 Beijing-Harbin (Jingha) Passenger Transport Special Line
--
1700
 --
Beijing-Shenyang (Jingshen) Line
 2014
709
350
Harbin-Dalian (Hada) Line
 2012/12/01
921
300
Panjin-Yingkou (Panying) Line
 2013/09/12
89
350
 Hangzhou-Fuzhou-Shenzhen (Hangfushen) Passenger Transport Special Line
 --
1450
 --
Hangzhou-Ningbo (Hangyong) Line
2013/07/01
150
350
Ningbo-Taizhou-Wenzhou (Yongtaiwen) Line
2009/09/28
268
200
Wenzhou-Fuzhou (Wenfu) Line
2009/06/30
298
200
Fuzhou-Xiamen (Fuxia) Line
2010/04/26
273
250
Xiamen-Shenzhen (Xiashen) Line
2013/12/28
 502
200

 Four East-West High Speed Rail Lines

 Xuzhou-Lanzhou (Xulan) Passenger Transport Special Line
 --
1400
 --
Zhengzhou-Xuzhou (Zhengxu) Line
2016
361
350
Zhengzhou-Xian (Zhengxi) Line
2010/02/06
505
300
Xian-Baoji (Xibao) Line
2013/12/28
138
250
Baoji-Lanzhou (Baolan) Line
2017
403
250
 Shanghai-Kunming (Hukun) Passenger Transport Special Line
--
 2264
--
Shanghai-Hangzhou (Huhang) Intercity Line
2010/10/26
159
350
Hangzhou-Changsha (Hangchang) Line
2014
927
350
Changsha-Kunming (Changkun) Line
2016
1175
350
 Qingdao-Taiyuan (Qingtai) Passenger Transport Special Line
--
770
 --
Qingdao-Jinan (Jiaoji) Line
2008/12/20
362
250
Shijiazhuang-Taiyuan (Shitai) Line
2009/04/01
225
250
Shijiazhuang-Jinan (Shiji) Line
2015/12
319
250
 Shanghai-Wuhan-Chengdu (Huhanrong) Passenger Transport Special Line
 --
 2078
--
Shanghai-Nanjing (Huning) Line
2010/07/01
301
300
Hefei-Nanjing (Hening) Line
2008/04/18
166
250
Hefei-Wuhan (Hewu) Line
2009/04/01
359
250
Wuhan-Yichang (Hanyi) Line
2012/07/01
291
200
Yichang-Wanzhou (Yiwan) Line
2010/12/22
377
160
Chongqing-Lichuan (Yuli) Line
2013/12/28
264
 200
Suining-Chongqing (Suiyu) Line
2012
 131
200
Dazhou-Chengdu (Dacheng) Line
2009/07/07
 374
160


 Intercity High Speed Trains

Line

Open Date

Length (km)

Designed Speed (km/h)

Qinhuangdao-Shenyang (Qinshen)

2003/10/12

404

200

Beijing-Tianjin (Jingjin)

2008/08/01

119

350

Chengdu-Dujiangyan (Chengguan)

2010/05/10

68

200

Nanchang-Jiujiang (Changjiu)

2010/09/20

135

250

Changchun-Jilin (Changji)

2011/01/11

108

250

Hainan Eastern Ring Railway

2010/12/30

308

250

Guangzhou-Zhuhai (Guangzhu)

2012/12/31

117

200

Guangzhou-Shenzhen (Guangshen)

2011/12/26

116

350

Shanghai-Nanjing (Huning)

2010/07/01

301

350

Nanjing-Hangzhou (Ninghang)

2013/07/01

249

350

Tianjin-Qinhuangdao (Jinqin)

2013/12/01

261

300


 Further Reading:
China Railway Infrastructures