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Bullet Train

High-speed trains (G, D, C trains in China) run much faster than the normal ones. As well as traveling at speeds of upto 400km/h, the bullet trains are operated by advanced technological communication systems. 

China has so many worthy destinations, many of which are far from each, and in most cases, tourists have no choice but to take an airplane. The high-speed railways greatly shorten journeys in this vast land, making long-distance trips more convenient, time-saving and feasible. For instance, with one bullet train ticket, you can reach Guangzhou from Beijing in 8 hours, however, this  2,000 km (about 1,243 mi) journey takes nearly 24 hours by normal ones. 

Now people generally prefer to travel by high-speed trains, which should be attributed to its advantages:
1. Fast: The present speed is higher than 200km/h, lessening the journey duration. For example, from Beijing to Shanghai, a distance of over 1,200 km (about 746 mi). The journey is shortened to 5 hours from 15 hours if you buy bullet train ticket instead of other tickets.
2. Punctual: Less influence by weather, they usually arrive at their destinations on time. By contrast, a bus may be delayed because of traffic jams or bad road conditions. Flights may be cancelled because for the bad weather.
3. Comfortable and Convenient: Seating is very comfortable, and the facilities can better meet passengers’ demands. Bullet trains are scheduled more frequently for many journeys, so it is easy to buy tickets and passengers don’t need to wait too long.

High-speed trains also overcome the disadvantages of buses which face severe safety problems especially for those overnight ones. On the other hand, considering the airports which are usually located far from the city center and the long procedure for taking a flight, travel by the bullet train can be more time-saving and convenient, especially for a journey within 5 hours.

Second Class Seat
  Ticket Types on High-Speed Trains
Tickets on bullet trains are divided into second-class, first-class, business-class, super-class, and sightseeing seats.

China Rail Pass
China Rail Pass is a prepaid card with which passenger can travel by high-speed rail by swiping the card on a self-service check-in machine, and there is no need to buy the paper tickets. Currently, the pass is adopted by bullet trains from Beijing to Tianjin, Shanghai to Hangzhou and Nanjing, Guangzhou to Zhuhai, and Haikou to Sanya.

 Facilities
Facilities on these highballs bring much convenience for passengers. It is possible for passengers to use power points and Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity). In addition, dining, left-luggage and toilets will never be problems.

Development and Current Railway Network
Since the earliest high-speed rail line - Qinhuangdao-Shenyang Passenger Transport Special Line was constructed in 1999, China has developed a widely-used railway network. By the end of 2011, the railway network with the speed of higher than 200km/h covered 10,000 km (about 6,214 mi). By the end of 2012, China had achieved the “Four North-South and Four East-West Network”. At the same time, the intercity high-speed railways also provide much convenience. The total length of such railway is expected to reach around 13,000 km (about 8,078 mi). According to the long-term extension plan, China will own 50,000 km (about 31,068 mi) high-speed railway by 2020.

 Four North-South & Four East-West Network

Line

Open Date

Length (km)

Speed (km/h)

Four North-South High-speed Rail Lines

 Beijing-Shanghai (Jinghu) Passenger Transport Special Line

--

1318

--

Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway (Jinghu Line) 

2011/06/30 

1318

300

Hefei-Bengbu (Hebeng) Line 

2012/10/16 

131 

350

 Beijing-Hong Kong (Jinggang) Passenger Transport Special Line
(Beijing-Guangzhou High-Speed Railway in operation since 2012)

-- 

2360 

--

Beijing-Shijiazhuang (Jingshi) Line 

2012/12/26 

281 

350

Shijiazhuang-Wuhan (Shiwu) Line 

2012/12/26 

841 

350

Wuhan-Guangzhou (Wuguang) Line 

2009/12/26 

1069

300

Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Railway
(Guangshengang Line) 

Guangzhou – Shenzhen: 2011/12/26;
Shenzhen – Kowloon: 2015 

142

350;
Shenzhen – Kowloon: 200

 Beijing-Harbin (Jingha) Passenger Transport Special Line 

--

1700

 --

Beijing-Shenyang (Jingshen) Line

 2014 

709

350

Harbin-Dalian (Hada) Line 

 2012/12/01 

921 

300

Panjin-Yingkou (Panying) Line 

 2013/09/12

89 

350

 Hangzhou-Fuzhou-Shenzhen (Hangfushen) Passenger Transport Special Line 

 -- 

1450

 --

Hangzhou-Ningbo (Hangyong) Line 

2013/07/01 

150 

350

Ningbo-Taizhou-Wenzhou (Yongtaiwen) Line 

2009/09/28 

268

200

Wenzhou-Fuzhou (Wenfu) Line

2009/06/30 

298 

200

Fuzhou-Xiamen (Fuxia) Line 

2010/04/26

273

250

Xiamen-Shenzhen (Xiashen) Line  

2013/12/28

 502 

200

Four East-West High-speed Rail Lines

 Xuzhou-Lanzhou (Xulan) Passenger Transport Special Line 

 -- 

1400

 --

Zhengzhou-Xuzhou (Zhengxu) Line

2016 

361 

350

Zhengzhou-Xian (Zhengxi) Line 

2010/02/06 

505

300

Xian-Baoji (Xibao) Line 

2013/12/28

138 

250

Baoji-Lanzhou (Baolan) Line 

2017 

403 

250

 Shanghai-Kunming (Hukun) Passenger Transport Special Line 

--

 2264 

--

Shanghai-Hangzhou (Huhang) Intercity Line 

2010/10/26 

159 

300

Hangzhou-Changsha (Hangchang) Line 

2014 

927 

350

Changsha-Kunming (Changkun) Line 

2016

1175

350

 Qingdao-Taiyuan (Qingtai) Passenger Transport Special Line

-- 

770

 --

Qingdao-Jinan (Jiaoji) Line 

2008/12/20 

362 

250

Shijiazhuang-Taiyuan (Shitai) Line 

2009/04/01 

225

250

Shijiazhuang-Jinan (Shiji) Line 

2015/12 

319 

250

 Shanghai-Wuhan-Chengdu (Huhanrong) Passenger Transport Special Line 

 --

 2078 

--

Shanghai-Nanjing (Huning) Line 

2010/07/01 

301 

300

Hefei-Nanjing (Hening) Line 

2008/04/18 

166 

250

Hefei-Wuhan (Hewu) Line 

2009/04/01 

359

250

Wuhan-Yichang (Hanyi) Line 

2012/07/01 

291 

200

Yichang-Wanzhou (Yiwan) Line 

2010/12/22 

377 

160

Chongqing-Lichuan (Yuli) Line

2013/12/28

264

 200

Suining-Chongqing (Suiyu) Line 

2012

 131 

200

Dazhou-Chengdu (Dacheng) Line

2009/07/07

 374 

160


 Intercity High-Speed Trains

Line 

Open Date 

Length (km) 

Designed Speed (km/h)

Qinhuangdao-Shenyang (Qinshen) 

2003/10/12 

404 

200

Beijing-Tianjin (Jingjin) 

2008/08/01 

119 

350

Chengdu-Dujiangyan (Chengguan) 

2010/05/10 

68 

200

Nanchang-Jiujiang (Changjiu) 

2010/09/20 

135 

250

Changchun-Jilin (Changji) 

2011/01/11 

108

250

Hainan Eastern Ring Railway 

2010/12/30 

308

250

Guangzhou-Zhuhai (Guangzhu) 

2012/12/31 

117 

200

Guangzhou-Shenzhen (Guangshen) 

2011/12/26 

116 

350

Shanghai-Nanjing (Huning) 

2010/07/01 

301 

350

Nanjing-Hangzhou (Ninghang) 

2013/07/01

249 

350

Tianjin-Qinhuangdao (Jinqin) 

2013/12/01

261 

300

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