English Name: Shanghai
Chinese Name: 上海 (shàng hǎi)
Administration Type: Municipality
Area: 7,037 sq km (2,717 sq mi)
Resident Population: 23,019,148
Area Code & Zip Code:
Area Code: 021;
Postal Code: 200000 - 202100
Geography: Yangtze River Delta, Southeast China (31° 14' N, 121° 29' E)
City Layout: Administrative Divisions, Area Distribution
Events: Festivals, Performances, Competitions, Exhibitions, Conventions, Expo 2010
Airports: Pudong International Airport; Hongqiao International Airport
Railway Stations: Shanghai Railway Station, South Railway Station, Hongqiao Railway Station
Shanghai, literally 'Above the Sea', is a port city on the Huangpu River, where the Yangtze River empties into the East China Sea. Originally a fishing and textiles town, the city gained its identity after it was opened to foreign powers by the 1842 Treaty of Nanking. The British, French, Americans, Germans, and Russians moved in, setting up their distinct Western-style banks, trading houses, and mansions, leaving a permanent architectural legacy. The city flourished as a cosmopolitan and thriving commercial and financial center, dubbed the "Pairs of the East" in 1920s and 1930s. In spite of being the cradle of Chinese Communism, the city was neglected during the Cultural Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s. In 1990, it was chosen to spearhead modern China's reform and opening up, which resulted in intense development. In addition, the city has often been the inspiration for novels, films and cocktails. It is probably the most evocative city for an outsider to visit all of the country. Beijing may be more mysterious, but Shanghai offers half-understood, semi-mythical images.
In 2004, it hosted the inaugural A1GP World Cup of Motorsport and later that year Time magazine called Shanghai the 'world's most happening city.' In October 2007 the city hosted the first Special Olympic Games ever held in Asia. The city's centre-stage status continues, in 2010, when it hosts World Expo.
Easily China's richest city and the leading trendsetter in fashion, design and the arts, Shanghai is the best city in the country for dining and shopping. Locals of the city, considered frank, efficient, and progressive, are creating the country's most outward-looking, and modern metropolis, replete with legions of futuristic skyscrapers, glitzy restaurants, bars, hotels, brand awareness and shopping savvy, competing with rival Asia cities such as Hong Kong, and Singapore.