Located in Yixian County of Huangshan City, Xidi and Hongcun Ancient Villages were listed as World Heritage Sites
by UNESCO in 2000. They are the most representative local-style residences in southern Anhui Province.
Construction of Xidi Village began during the Northern Song Dynasty
(960-1127). So far, it has a history of over 900 years. It is famed as being the 'Ming
Dynasty Local Residence Museum'. It has about 124 ancient residences and three ancestral halls, including an archway, Linyun Pavilion, Eastern and Western Gardens, Ruiyu Courtyard, Taoli Garden, Da Fu Grand House and Lvfu Hall. Da Fu is an official title reserved for high ranking government officials in ancient China.
The three carving styles including those on stones, bricks and wood are the most renowned. Tourists can appreciate these exquisite carvings on door frames, lattice walls, columns and beams in the halls. The birds, flowers, grass and figures on them are vividly presented. Both the Ming and Qing Dynasty carvings display poise and refinement.
Encircled by green hills, two streams flow through the village from north and east converging at Huiyuan Bridge. It has two main streets and about 99 lanes. All the streets and lanes are paved with cobbles or black stones. The residences, lanes and streets combine well with the hills and streams.
|Archway at the Entrance of Xidi Village || |
|Ancient Street |
|Xidi Ancient Village || |
|Ruiyu Hall |
Lying about 10 kilometers (6 miles) northeast of Yixian County, Hongcun Village enjoys the reputation of 'a village in the beautiful Chinese picture' because of its location at high altitude and being shrouded by clouds and mist. It has about 137 Ming and Qing style residences.
It is built in the shape of an ox. The locals liken Leigang Hill as the 'head', two huge trees on the hill as the 'horns', the residences in it as the 'body', a winding stream as the 'intestines', a crescent pond as the 'stomach' and the four bridges as the 'four feet'.
Built with pink walls and black tiles, all the residences are better arranged. Among them, the Chengzhi Hall is the most representative and is praised as the 'Folk Imperial Palace'. Numerous varieties of figures and patterns are carved on the columns, beams and door frames and are gilded with gold. It is said that about five kilograms (11 pounds) gold had been used in gilding the wood carvings during the construction of the house. The Chengzhi Hall is the best preserved. Hundreds of visitors from home and abroad are fascinated by its wood carvings.
Other halls including Jinxiu, Dongxian, Sanli, and Xuren are also worth a visit.
|Hongcun - A Village in Painting || |
|Half-Moon Pond |
|Wang's Ancestral Temple || |
|Local Products |
|Admission Fee: ||Xidi Village: CNY 104; Hongcun Village: CNY104 |
|How to Get there: || |
Take bus to Yixian County at Tunxi New Bus Station in Qiyun Dadao. When you get to Huangshan by train, take a taxi (about CNY7 for the taxi fare) to Tunxi New Bus Station first. Then, get off the bus some 40 minutes later at the cross road. Then change a minibus (CNY2 per person, ten minutes) to Xidi.
Get back to the cross again and waiting for the bus to Hongcun. The better way is to take a taxi to transfer between the two villages. It costs about CNY20-30. You can share the taxi with other travelers and each pay CNY 5 only for the fare.
There is a road at the Parking Lot nearby Nanhu Lake. You will get to the foot of Yellow Mountain in half an hour by bus. Or you can wait at the entrance of the village for the bus back to Tunxi.
Recommended Itineraries:Natural Wonders of Huangshan
: 3 Days of Yellow Mountain - Hongcun Village -Tunxi Old StreetHuangshan to Yixian & Shexian
: 4 Days to the Yellow Mountain, Hongcun Village, Tangyue Archways
More Huangshan Tours