Henan Province

Henan Travel Guide

Henan MapHighlight of Henan Province, Songshan Mountain lies southwest of Zhengzhou and it is one of the most famous mountains in China because of the rugged beauty of its peaks and the Bonsai-like appearance of its beautiful old trees. Shaolin Temple, the most famous Buddhist temple in China and the largest of the Songshan range, is located on Shaoshi Mountain. Shaolin Temple and Shaolin Gongfu (martial arts) have long taken on a legendry color and are famous both in and outside the country.

The name of the province Henan comes from its geographic location. Henan means 'the south of the river', indicating that the province lies south of China's Yellow River. It covers an area of over 160,000 square kilometers (about 62,000 square miles). It is populated by Han, Hui, Manchu, Mongolian and other ethnic groups totaling 92,560,000 people.

Cities in Henan

When to Go

Martial Art Performance, Shaolin Temple
Martial Art Performance, Shaolin Temple
Henan has a humid warm-temperate climate. Dry and windy in winter and spring, the province is hot and rainy in summer and bakes in strong sunlight during the autumn months. Rainfall averages about 600-1000 millimeters increasing from north to south, as does the annual temperature which increases from about 12.8C in the north to 15.5C in the south.


Henan province is considered the cradle of Chinese civilization due to its location on the Yellow River. This rich historic heritage has endowed it with numerous historic treasures, from primitive dwellings to earliest wheel thrown pottery. The remains of some of the earliest human settlements have been unearthed here, including the over 7000-year-old Peiligang Culture Site, the 6000-year-old Yangshao Culture Remains and the 5000-year-old Dahe Culture Remains. All these cultural remains have profound significance in the history of Chinese civilization.

Luoyang City has been the capital of nine dynasties since the time of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770BC-221BC). There are many historical sites to be viewed in Luoyang as well as the opportunity to purchase replicas of the famed Tang three-glaze horses. Luoyang's Longmen Grottoes, famous for its grand treasure trove of Chinese Buddhist statues, are located 12km (7 miles) south of Luoyang. First sculpted and chiseled around 493 AD when the capital of the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534) was moved from Datong City to Luoyang, the grottoes of Luoyang house an awe-inspiring collection of sculpted Buddha and other religious subjects.
Longmen Grottoes, Luoyang, Henan
Longmen Grottoes, Luoyang
Painted Figure Maid Servant, Luoyang Museum
Painted Figure Maids, Luoyang Museum
Kaifeng, one of the ancient capitals, also boasts the following buildings worthy of a visit: Iron Pagoda (Tie Ta) of the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127), Dragon Pavilion (Long Ting) - site of imperial palace of the Song and Jin dynasties - and the 1400-year-old Xiangguo Temple which is one of the most famous Buddhist temples in China. Also on view in Kaifeng are ruins of the Shang Dynasty, an important part of human cultural and historic heritage. The Shang Dynasty Ruins, also known as the 'Yin Ruins', are famous because of the unique style of the large palace and its grand mausoleums, in which emperors of the Shang Dynasty are buried. The bronze vessels of the Shang Dynasty, which were both finely decorated and popularly used by the citizens of the Shang Dynasty, are well-known at home and abroad.
Henan Yuntai Mountain Scenery
Yuntai Mountain Scenery
White Horse Temple, Luoyang
White Horse Temple, Luoyang

 Recommended Henan Tour:
Spotlights of Luoyang: 3 days tour to White Horse Temple, Shaolin Temple, Longmen Caves...with cheap price
More China Tour Packages

- Last modified on Aug. 21, 2018 -
Questions & Answers on Henan Travel
Asked by Chastin Rotea from PHILIPPINES | Aug. 21, 2018 14:11Reply
Whats the weather in Henan (september-october) what clothing should i wear? Is there a shopping mall
Answers (1)
Answered by John from SWITZERLAND | Aug. 21, 2018 20:19

Well, Henan is so large that I can’t give you the exact weather information. I’d like to give you that if its capital city, Zhengzhou.
During Sep., the temperature may range from 20 to 30C and in Oct., it may down to 10-20C. There are more sunny days in Sep. but more rainy days in Oct. As for clothes, you are suggested to take the T-shirts, shirts, jeans, and thin coats.

Many large shopping malls can be found in Zhengzhou like Capital City in 1188 Zhongzhou Avenue, Jinshui Dis., Manhattan Square in the junction of Weilai Rd and Jinshui Rd, Jinshui Dis. and Qiansheng Square in 33 East Nongye Rd, Jinshui Dis.
Asked by Elen from GREECE | Jul. 22, 2018 07:58Reply
Bus Luoyang-Dengfeng and vice versa
Hello! From which station do I get the bus from Luoyang to Dengfeng and vice versa (not Shaolin Si) and can I find the schedule online? Do I need to get a ticket in advance? Thanks!
Answers (1)
Answered by Isak from NORWAY | Jul. 23, 2018 00:32

You can take a bus in LY Bus Station and the departure time is 13:10, 14:30, 16:30. The schedule on line is only in Chinese and you don’t need to get a ticket in advance. From DF, the bus departs in DF Bus Station 06:30, 07:20, 09:00, 09:50, 10:40, 16:50, and 17:40.
Asked by Yong Arifah from MALAYSIA | Jul. 19, 2018 06:10Reply
How is the weather now at Henan ? What type of clothes should I wear for this month (July-August) ?
Answers (1)
Answered by Banner from POLAND | Jul. 19, 2018 21:02

It’s hot. The temperature is about 28C to 38C. You can wear short sleeves and shorts.
Asked by Tony from THAILAND | May. 22, 2016 06:44Reply
Public Bus number of Luoyang Area.
May I have bus number of this route in Luoyang?
1. From Luoyang Longmen Railway Station to Longmen Grotto.
2. From Longmen Grotto to Guanlin Temple.
3. From Guanlin Temple to Luoyang Longmen Railway Station.
4. From Luoyang Longmen Railway Station to Luoyang Railway Station.
5. From Luoyang Railway Station to Lao ji night market.
Answers (1)
Answered by Angela from ITALY | May. 23, 2016 03:33

1,2 &3. Take bus line 71 to shuttle among them.
4. Take bus line 77 to shuttle between the two.
5. Take bus line 5 from Luoyang Railway Station to Youth Palace (Qing Nian Gong) Station. Walk west for about 150 yards to it.
Asked by kanjana from THAILAND | Dec. 19, 2015 07:59Reply
please suggest from jiaozuo to yuntaishan.
Answers (1)
Answered by Alis from INDIA | Dec. 19, 2015 20:12

In Jiazuo, the public bus No.3 at the railway station leads to the mountain scenic area directly. The first bus leaves at 06:20, and the bus runs at an interval of 40 mins. Bus fare is CNY4.

In the long distance bus station, there are also tourist buses to the scenic area. From 07:20, the bus runs at an interval of one hour, and the bus fare is CNY10.
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