Longjing Tea

Strolling around the famous West Lake, can you smell the sweet fragrance of tea from the mountains behind? It is the Longjing Tea (Dragon Well Tea) which is world-famous for its 'four wonders' - emerald green color, aromatic flavor, sweet taste and beautiful appearance. Because of its nutritional value and extraordinary effect on people's health, it is favored by both the domestic and foreign markets. 
 

Production Area

Dragon Well Tea flourishes in the mountainous area where mild climate and plentiful rainfall are plentiful year-round. Around West Lake, Shifeng Peak, Longjing Village, Yunxi Mountain, Hupao and Meijiawu Tea Plantation offer such prime conditions. The history of planting tea trees is rather long in these areas, as the tea sage Lu Yu mentioned in his Book of Tea. The teas grown in these areas were called Shi, Long, Yun, Hu and Mei respectively in the past. Now, with an increase in production, it is generally classified into Xihu (West Lake) Longjing, Qiantang Longjing and Yuezhou Longjing, among which the Xihu Longjing is the best. 
Tea garden
Tea garden
Roasted green tea
Roasted green tea
 

Production Process

The excellent quality of Dragon Well Tea is guaranteed by a super elaborate production process. The picking of the leaves  emphasizes the importance of timeliness. As a famous among tea growers saying goes, "Tea leaves are a treasure if picked earlier while it is useless as grass if picked too late." Dragon Well Tea leaves are picked during different periods of time. Generally speaking, the best is picked before Qingming Festival, which is called Mingqian Tea. The one picked before Grain Rain are fairly good and are called Yuqian Tea. The selection process of tea leaves is very strict. Only the delicate and complete leaves are to be picked. After the fresh leaves have been picked, the makers should first grade them, as different qualities of leaves need to be dealt with different temperature and techniques. The masters will bake the tea by hand using specially made iron pans. Traditional method of making Dragon Well Tea has many ways - grasp, toss, shake, pile, throw, buckle, press, and grind. Experienced masters know well how and when to use the certain movements according to the temperature, color and moisture content of the leaves. Usually, Longjing is graded using a scale of six levels from superior quality to low quality. Different levels of tea have different methods to bake. 
Tea pot
Tea pot
Infusion of tea
Infusion of tea
 

Infusion of Tea


Good tea must be made with good water, so its flavor can be totally infused. The Dragon Well Tea and Hupao Spring is a perfect match. With less soluble minerals and higher concentration levels of organic nitride, Hupao water is favorable for producing the flavor and fragrance of it. The 212F boiled water is not suggested because the high temperature will break the nutrition and taste.  Instead, boiled water at around 185F is appropriate. Usually people use glasses as the ware to infuse Dragon Well Tea because the beauty of the leaves rising and falling in the water can be enjoyed through the transparent glass. Like the newly-opened orchid, the leaves extend their waists gently and slowly. It is no doubt an inspirational experience. 

Dragon Well Tea adds luster to West Lake and has become another reason for travelersto visit the lake. It is a heavenly unforgettable experience for visitors totake in the beautiful views around the lake while enjoying a cup of Dragon Well Tea.
Questions & Answers on Longjing Tea
Asked by Aliyyah Gregory from NORTH CAROLINA | Oct. 27, 2018 10:16Reply
Where was the Dragon Well Tea originated from?
I would like the location, the Name of the person who created it, ext. Give me a brief description of everything I need to know about the Tea.
Answers (1)
Answered by James from CANADA | Oct. 29, 2018 02:12
00Reply


The Longjing Tea (Dragon Well Tea)is a variety of pan-roasted green tea from the area of Longjing Village in Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province. It has a history of more than 1,500 years but it's not clear who found it. More information you can find in Wikipedia or Google.
Asked by Kim from USA | Feb. 29, 2016 11:13Reply
Measurement: How much leaves should I put into one cup of water?
1tbsp or as much as I want? . I don't want to waste the leaves if not needed. Can I still use the leaves for a second time?
Answers (1)
Answered by Lee from CHINA | Feb. 29, 2016 19:18
00Reply


Kim, it is really hard to tell you the exact amount, because it differs according to the cup's size. Usually, 1g of tea vs 50-60ml of water is appropriate. Generally, you can use the leaves no matter how many times and only the flavor would become lighter. But for the best taste, 3~4 times is recommended.
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