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Beijing is a city rich in Great Wall resource. The history of the wall in Beijing can be traced back to Warring States Period (476 BC-221 BC). The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) is the heyday of the Wall construction. At present, most sections remained in Beijing were built in Ming Dynasty.
Gansu is rich in Great Wall ruins. According to a survey, the Wall in Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) extended about 1738.3km (1,080 miles) in Gansu, which covers one fifth of the total length of that in China. But except a few repaired sections, many parts are just left suffering the natural erosion and human demolishment. It is urgent to protect and rescue it .
The Wall in Hebei
Province belongs to different dynasties, and the sections in Ming Dynasty are the most famous. The 2,000km (1,243 miles) walls in Hebei wind through Qinhuangdao, Chengde, Zhangjiakou, Tangshan and Baoding in the province. Due to their approach to Beijing, the capital of Ming Dynasty, the walls were strongly built, reflecting the top level of building standard in that period. Among these walls, many sections are world-known scenic sights, such as "Old Dragon Head", "The First Pass under Heaven", Zhangjiakou and Jiaoshan.
The Great Wall measures over 3,500km (2,475 miles) in Shanxi Province, which are found widely in over 40 counties and in nine cities. In history, the Warring States, Northern Qi, Northern Zhou, Sui, Song, Ming and Qing dynasties all built walls in Shanxi. The sections in Ming Dynasty are the largest in scale. It cost about 154 years to finish the construction. The wall in Shanxi was always serving as the barrier to protect Beijing.
In Chinese long history, many feudal dynasties have built or repaired the Great Wall in order to consolidate their frontier defense. Millions of ancient Chinese laborers have contributed their wisdom, blood and sweat to make it a wonder in the world. Every constructional detail reflects the defensive ideas and the high achievement of building technology in ancient China. Today, through thousands of years’ erosion, most parts of the Wall are beyond recognition. By reading these maps, you will get to know the historical remarks of the Great Wall left by each dynasty and be marvel at the long history and abundant resources of this huge project in China.
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