Chinese Pinyin: Cháng Chéng/Wàn Lǐ Cháng Chéng
English Translation: Great Wall / Great Wall of 10,000 Li
Length: 13,170.69 miles (21,196.18 kilometers)
Builder: the ancient Chinese laboring people (common people, farmers, soldiers and slaves)
Construction Period: About 2,000 years from the Warring States Period (476 BC - 221 BC) to Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
Enjoying the fame of "Wan Li Chang Cheng", the main structure of today's Great Wall starts from Hushan in Liaoning in the east and ends at Jiayuguan Pass in Gansu in the west, via the nine provinces or cities in northern China, including Liaoning, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia and Gansu. It is often compared to a huge dragon winding up and down in the mountains, grassland and deserts.
In Chinese history, over 20 states and dynasties have built the wall, and the sections built in Qin (221 BC-206 BC), Han (206BC-220) and Ming (1368-1644) dynasties exceed 10,000 Li (about 3,107 miles). in 2009, China's State Administration announced that the length of the wall of Ming Dynasty is 5,500.3 miles (8,851.8 kilometers). An archaeological survey in 2012 revealed the formal total measurement of the Great Wall building in different dynasties - 13,170.69 miles (21,196.18 kilometers).
Most visited: Badaling
The most eastern section (Ming Dynasty): Hushan
The most western section (Ming Dynasty): Jiayuguan
The most western section (Han Dynasty): Yumenguan
The most dangerous section (Ming Dynasty): Jiankou
The earliest wall: built in Chu State in Warring States Period (476 BC - 221 BC)
The section with most construction styles: Zhangjiakou Section
The highest section: built in 2,000m (6,562 feet) tall Huapiling and bingshanliang mountains in Zhangjiakou City
The section with most fortresses & the section where the most frequent wars took place: Great Wall in Zhangjiakou City
|Zhenbeitai, Yulin, Shaanxi|
The No.1 fortress: Jiayuguan Pass in Gansu
The No.1 tower: Nine-Eye Tower in Beijing
The No.1 city gate: Dajing Gate in Zhangjiakou
The first pass under heaven: Shanhaiguan Pass in Hebei
The three inner side passes: Juyongguan, Zijingguan, and Daomaguan Passes
The three outer side passes: Yanmenguan Pass, Ningwuguan Pass, Pianguan Pass
The eight big passes: Shanhaiguan, Juyongguan, Zijingguan, Yanmenguan, Niangziguan Pass, Pianguan, Jiayuguan and Yumenguan Passes.
The first Chinese finished hiking the wall: Liu Yutian in 1984
The first foreigner to explore the whole length of the Wall: William Edgar Geil in 1908
Besides, Great Wall Marathon held annually along Huangyaguan Pass and Jinshanling is reputable, which attract more and more participants from all over the world.