Full Name: Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture
Chinese Name: 怒江傈僳族自治州 (nù jiāng lì sù zú zì zhì zhōu)
Area: 14,703 square kilometers (5,677 square miles)
Nationalities: Lisu, Han
Administrative Division: 2 counties (Lushui, Fugong); 2 autonomous counties (Gongshan Dulong and Nu Autonomous County, Lanping Bai and Primi Autonomous County)
Seat of the Prefecture Government: Renmin Bei Lu, Liuku Town, Lushui County
Useful Telephone Numbers: Tourist Complaints: 0886-3624247
Weather Forecast: 121
Zip Code Inquiry: 184
China Post Nujiang Branch: Renmin Bei Lu, Liuku Town, Lushui County
Location: Situated in the northwest of Yunnan Province, Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture neighbors Lijiang City, Diqing and Dali prefectures in the east. It is also bordered by Tibet in the north and shares a boundary of nearly 450 kilometers (280 miles) with Burma in the west.
History: Yunnan, especially the western part, is an important cultural source of ancient China, and Nujiang Prefecture was the hometown of many primitive tribes. Along with many regions in Yunnan, this area was brought under the administration of the central government in the Western Han Dynasty (206BC-24AD), and was later governed by Nanzhao (738-937) and Dali (937-1253) states during the Tang and Song dynasties. Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Region was established in 1954 and changed to a prefecture three years later.
Physical Features: Lying in the longitudinal valley area of Hengduan Mountains in western Yunnan, Nujiang is made up of lofty mountains and roaring rivers, with more than forty peaks in the prefecture over 4,000 (13,123) meters high. Its terrain generally slopes downward from north to south. Other than a small area of flat land on the fringe, Lancang and Dulong rivers, mountainous regions constitute the main part of the area.
Climate: Enjoying a plateau monsoon climate at low altitude, Nujiang is characterized by clear dry and wet seasons, great temperature difference between day and night and small temperature difference during the whole year. Due to the landform and altitude, it is colder in its northern part and warmer in the south.
When to Go: September is the best time to visit here, just after the rainy season.
Local Highlights: Nujiang is the only autonomous prefecture for Lisu ethnic minority. Nu and Dulong are minority groups unique to this region. Lanping Bai and Primi Autonomous County is the main community of Primi. People of ethnic minorities still maintain their traditional culture and customs.
Special Local Products: braided rug of Dulong ethnic minority, sumac, herbs, marble
Nujiang Prefecture contains three parallel longitudinal rivers, Nu River, Lancang River and Dulong River. Among the magical gorges formed by the rivers, Nu River Gorges is the most spectacular. The part of the gorge in Yunan is over 600 kilometers (373 miles) long. With picturesque lofty mountains, virgin forests, river rapids and snowscape in spring and winter, the gorge is the most breathtaking example in the world.
The Stone Moon is another spectacle in the gorge. It sits on a rocky peak of Gaoligong Mountain. Looking from a distance from the highway, visitors can sea a clear moon hanging in the sky. Actually, it is an elliptic rock hole about 100 meters (328 feet) high on a mountain peak. 600 meters (656 yards) from Fengxue Yakou (mountain mouth of wind and snow) stands the magical Tingming Lake. When people speak around the lake, it will rain or hail.
The Dulong Gorge is regarded as a natural museum of wild plants. It is located in the boundary area between northwestern Yunnan and Burma with the Gaogongli Mountain on the eastern bank. This little-known gorge is completely isolated from the outside world when snow blocks the way from October to May.
Bingzhongluo is a township on the border of Gongshan Autonomous County and Tibet. It is spoken of as the Shangrila of Nujiang Prefecture. Nu, Tibetan and Dulong ethnic minorities live there. Primitive religions, Lamaism and Christianity coexist among those minorities.
There are three main routes to Nujiang. Visitors can take buses from Kunming directly to Liuku Town or Gongshan County of Nujiang. Regular buses are available from Kunming Passenger Transportation Bus Station at the south end of Beijing Lu, neighboring Nanyao Railway Station. Liuku is about 581 kilometers (361 miles) from Kunming. The whole journey takes 13 hours.
Visitors can get to Baoshan and Dali by air first, and then change to buses to Liuku. Dali is about eight hours' drive to Liuku, and four hours from Baoshan.