Changchun is located in the central part of Songliao Plain in Northeast China, covering a total area of 20,571 square kilometers (about 8,012 square miles). As the capital of Jilin Province, it is the second largest city in Northeast China and the political, economic and cultural center of the province. If the territory of China is in a shape of rooster, therefore this city is one eye of this huge rooster. You can imagine its important position.
Changchun has suffered a lot of hardships, especially in modern times. In 1931 Japan entered and occupied entire northeast part of China, which can be considered the prelude of Sino-Japan War. Obviously the city became a colony of Japan. On March 1, 1932, Puyi, the last emperor of China, set up Manchukuo here supported by Japan, taking it as the capital. From then on brutal rule of Japanese upon Chinese people had begun. After a long time of struggle and resistance, the city finally broke off the ruthless rule, stepping into a normal development.
Compared with other historical cities in the country like Beijing and Xian, Changchun is a young city with only 200 years' history; however the present city is charming with several fine names which can give you a general impression of this big city.
Spring City of Northland: Changchun is of monsoon climate, locating in the transitional belt from wet area to sub-dry area. The four seasons varies a lot and the climate is rather pleasant, therefore it is honored Spring City of Northland.
|Heavenly Lake, Changbai Mountain|
Barn: Spring is dry and windy; summer is wet and rainy; autumn is sunny and cool; winter is cold. Generally speaking rain and heat come in the same season. Besides, favorable climate and enough sunshine provide very good condition for the growth of crops. The area teems with corn and soybean; therefore it is praised as barn.
City of Automobiles: The city is the cradle of Chinese automobile industry, a famous auto city in the country. On July 13, 1956, a truck branded with Jiefang was produced, which opened a new age for the country's auto industry. This truck was the first automobile entirely made by Chinese. Famous International Automobile Fair makes it a real City of Automobiles.
City of Films: Changchun Film Studio was the first one after the found of PRC. It is praised as the cradle of the country's film industry. For dozens of years, a great many excellent domestic films and dubbed films were produced here which gained a good fame for the film studio both at home and abroad. As a calling card, ceremonious Changchun Film Festival has enhanced its honor City of Film. Film is an intermedium. The outsiders have known more about this city through film; while the city has presented more of itself by films.
It is undeniable that the place is also a good travel destination. The natural sceneries lie in lakes and forests. Nanhu Park (South Lake Park), Jingyuetan National Forest Park are good places for you to enjoy the pleasure given by nature. Especially in winter the whole city will give you a real enjoyment of genuine winter. Besides, there are colonial vestiges, such as Puppet Emperor's Palace, Badabu. Still Changchun Film Studio and Movie City provide you another different kind of enjoyment comparing with simply watching movies in cinemas.
51 trains begin or pass by Changchun Railway Station everyday; more than thirty domestic airlines and four international lines of Changchun Longjia International Airport provide you much convenience of transportation. Four main speedways have connected the city with many parts of the country. At present there are four special tourist trains having been in use, Changchun to Xianghai (for watching lovely birds), to Changbai Mountain (for enjoying Heavenly Lake), to Jilin (for tasting real ice and snow) and to Hunchun (for feel exotic flavor of Russia).
Nightlife here is not as colorful and romantic as that of other big cities in China, such as Shanghai, Beijing, however, it has its own distinctive flavor which can be only known after you taste it in person. Various kinds of pubs, coffee bars, teahouses and other amusement centers will make you feel at ease.
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