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Mogao Caves - Art of Dunhuang Caves
Mogao Caves, Dunhuang
Mogao Caves, Dunhuang
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The traveler finds the Mogao Caves, a shrine of Buddhist art treasures, 25 km (15.5miles) from downtown Dunhuang on the eastern slope of Mingsha Shan (Mount Echoing Sand). A network of plank reinforced roads plying north to south 1600 meters (5, 249 feet) long lead to the cave openings, which are stacked five stories high some reaching up to 50 meters (164 feet). By the way, Mogao means high up in the desert.

According to Tang Dynasty records, a monk had witnessed onsite a vision of thousand Buddhas under showers of golden rays. Thus inspired, he started the caves construction work that spanned ten dynasties. Mogao Caves are commonly known as the Caves of a Thousand Buddhas.

Buddhist art has its origins in India. Mogao sculptors improvised where the rock surface did not work well under their chisels. They placed clay statues in front of the cave walls, carved relief murals as backdrops, and painted the sidewalls and ceilings with art decors. The largest statue is 34.5 meters (113 feet) high and the smallest a mere 2 centimeters (0.79inches) high.

The traveler will note traces of Indian Buddhist art in the earlier works. More recent works depict all walks of life and activities in a local setting. You will relive the daily routines and special events as captured by the artists while you are exploring the 750 caves. There are also ups and downs in the artistic quality over the centuries, depending on the fortunes of Buddhism with available art patronage. Artists in each dynasty painted with their distinctive palette. The visitor can tell the works in the Tang Dynasty from those in the Song Dynasty.
Dunhuang Maogao Caves
Colorful Mural, Maogao Caves
Buddha Statues in Magao Caves
Buddha Statues in Magao Caves
People believe it possible to fill 25 kilometers (15.5miles) of gallery space with the works of art from Mogao. There are 50,000 manuscripts written in many languages apart from artifacts. The Mogao Caves are a depository of historical and cultural exchanges over more than a thousand years between China and other nations.

Note:
1.The Digital Exhibition Center has been formally open to the public since August 1, 2014. Shuttle bus service is available between the caves and the digital exhibition center. Visitors can enjoy two amazing movies A thousand Years of Mogao Caves and Splendors of Buddha’s Palace at the digital exhibition center and then take the shuttle bus to visit the caves. Tourists can call the scenic area at (+86) 0937-8825000 / 8825166 / 8825066 (7:00-00:00) for further consultation.
2. Within the caves, no photo! An electronic torch maybe necessary to see inside the caves.
For detailed information on Dynasties, please refer to History of China

 Transportation:
By bus
take regular mini-bus from Dunhuang Hotel to Mogao Caves. The bus passes by Silk Road Hotel and Dunhuang Railway Station. It costs around CNY 8. Additionally, the earliest one departs at 08:00.

By taxi
It costs CNY30 -50 from the railway Station. Usually, the drivers don’t run the meter so that visitors need to bargain with them.

How to go there from Dunhuang Airport
Walking out of the airport gate, visitors can take mini-buses to the railway station. It costs around CNY 3. Then they can choose to take a taxi or regular mini-bus to the caves.
 
Admission Fee:
From May 8th, 2015, people who want to visit the Mogao Caves have to buy the combo ticket, which covers both the caves and the Digital Exhibition Center:

During May 1st and Oct. 31st: CNY220 for Chinese citizens; CNY240 for foreign visitors (including foreign tour guide service);

During Nov. 1st and the next April 30th: CNY110 for Chinese citizens; CNY130 for foreign visitors (including foreign tour guide service)

 Note:
1. Chinese and foreign students presenting a valid student ID card can enjoy 50% discount. If a foreign student wants to enjoy foreign tour guide, he/she has to pay extra CNY20.
2. Children below 1.4m (4.6ft) can visit for free, but they need to pay CNY10 for tour guide and CNY10 for shuttle bus between the caves and the Digital Exhibition Center.
Opening Hours: During May 1st and Oct. 31st: 08:00 – 18:00
During Nov. 1st and the next April 30th: 09:00 – 17:30
Recommended Time for a Visit: 3-5 hours
  
 Notice on Visiting the Caves:
The total number of visitors is limited to 6,000 per day, so it is necessary to reserve a ticket in advance. One can reserve a ticket online through the official website of the caves or buy a ticket in advance at the two ticket offices in downtown Dunhuang, which are located at no. 246, Middle Yangguan Road (close to Hantang Grand Hotel) and close to Dunhuang Railway Station.