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Xuyuan Garden

Xuyuan Garden, Nanjing
Xuyuan Garden, Nanjing
While Xuyuan Garden in Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province covers an area only a little more than four acres, it occupies an important place in Chinese history. Despite its relatively small size, it is also renowned for its unique southern China gardening style. It is located at No. 292 on Changjiang Road.

Built during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), Xuyuan Garden derives its name from a prince, Zhu Gaoxu, who once lived there. Later the garden became the residence for the governors of Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces. Xuyuan is also known as West Garden for it was located west of the palace of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom (1851-1864). The kingdom was established by a peasant leader, Hong Xiuquan, who then proclaimed himself the king. The garden later served as the presidential mansion of Sun Yat-sen, the Interim President of the Republic of China (1912-1949). Visitors will find that Xuyuan is the epitome of the modern history of China.

Xuyuan's scenery is definitely worth viewing especially because of its historical significance. It is one of the two most famous gardens in Nanjing City, the other being Zhanyuan Garden. With water covering about half an acre of its total area, Xuyuan Garden is small, but exquisite. Its architecture is rather ingenious, exhibiting the unique beauty and charm of southern gardening. One of the most popular spots here is Buji Zhou, a handcrafted stone boat. Other attractions include Tongyin Guan; Xijia Lou; Wangfei Pavilion and Yuanyang Pavilion.

Buji Zhou was built in 1746 by Yin Jishan, the governor of Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces. This stone boat has become the symbol of Xuyuan Garden. It is made of marble and is 14.5 meters (about 47 feet) long, 4.6 meters (about 15 feet) wide and 2.7 meters (about 9 feet) high. Its roof is covered by yellow glazed tiles. Its brick railings are inscribed with many fine colored pictures on two sides of the boat. The boat is divided into front and back cabins. There is a stone walkway providing access to the vessel. The boat was named and personally inscribed by Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) while he was on a tour of southern China. Buji Zhou has two meanings - one relating to the banks of the lake where it sits; the other, a belief that the nation can only enjoy permanent stability when supported by the masses. When the breezes blow in Xuyuan, the surface of the lake ripples giving the impression that the boat is floating over the waves.

Admission Fee : CNY 40
Bus Routes: Take bus 3, 29, 44, 65, 95, 304, Tourism Line 1 or Line 2 and get off at Zong Tong Fu (Office of President) Station. 
 Nanjing Bus / Subway Search