Chinese Name: 临汾市 (lín fén shì)
Area: 20,589 square kilometers (7,949 square miles)
Administrative Division: 1 district (Yaodu); 14 counties (Quwo, Yicheng, Xiangfen, Hongtong, Guxian, Anze, Fushan, Jixian, Xiangning, Puxian, Daning, Yonghe, Xixian, Fenxi); 2 county-level cities (Houma, Huozhou)
Seat of the City Government: Xingshu Lane, Jiefang Xi Lu, Yaodu District
Useful Telephone Numbers: Tourist Complaint Line : 0357-2039172
Weather Forecast: 121
Zip Code Inquiry: 184
Bank of China: Guojia Zhuang, Xiangyang Xi Lu, Yaodu District
China Post: 1, Pingyang Bei Jie, Yaodu District
Location: Linfen City is situated in southwestern Shanxi Province, on the middle reaches of the Yellow River. It neighbors Changzhi and Jincheng in the east, Jinzhong and Lvliang in the north, Yuncheng in the south and finally, it is separated from Shaanxi Province by the Yellow River in the west.
History: Known as Pingyang in the ancient time, Linfen was once the capital of China during the Jin Kingdom in the Warring States Period (476BC-221BC). During the Qin Dynasty (221BC-206BC), it belonged to the Hedong Shire, one of the forty-eighty shires of the nation. Many places in present Linfen had their names originated during the Sui Dynasty (581-618).
Physical Features: There are Zhongtiao Mountain, Taiyue Mountain and Lvliang Mountains in the east and west of the city. In the center stands the Linfen Basin. Mountains and hills are the main characteristic of the land, occupying about eighty percent of the city's territory. Fenhe River, one of the main branches of the Yellow River, flows through the city centre.
Climate: Lingfen lies in the semi-arid and semi-humid region, bearing a temperate continental monsoon climate. The weather features hot summer and chilly winter. It has an annual average temperature of 8.6-12.6℃ (47.5-54.7℉).
Best time to visit: Spring and autumn
Special Local Products: Butterfly cup of Houma City, paper-cutting of Fushan County, walnut of Guxian County, purple-clay (Zisha) pottery of Xiangning County
Hukou Waterfalls is the grandest yellow waterfall in the world. It is located in the Qinjin (Shaanxi-Shanxi) Gorge on the middle reaches of the Yellow River and 45 kilometers away from the Jixian Country, Shanxi Province. To the west of the waterfall is the Yichuan County of Shaanxi Province. Waterfalls gush down into the roaring water of the river through the precipitous rocks in the abrupt canyon. The magnificent spectacle makes the waterfall the second largest, after the largest Huangguoshu Waterfall in Guizhou.
The Great Scholar Tree of Hongtong County is the most famous ruins of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), during which time large immigration occurred in China. Historical records show that governors were sent by the court to Guangji Temple to manage the immigration affairs for fifty years from 1368.
For hundreds of years, the great scholar trees near the Guangji Temple became the root, origin and home for governors seeking relief from homesickness. It gradually becomes a sacred land for root seeking and ancestor worshipping.
Yao Temple was first established during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) in the present southern outskirt of Linfen City. It was believed that the city was made the capital of the nation by Emperor Yao, who is a great sage in the Chinese prehistoric ages prior to Shun and Yu the Great. Later generations then built the temple here to eulogize his laudable feats.
Other Scenic Spots: Huozhou Drum Tower, Xiaoxitian Nunnery, Guangsheng Temple
Linfen Railway Station is situated in Chezhan Jie in northeaste of the city proper. Linfen Long-Distance Bus Station in Bingzhan offers buses to Taiyuan, Yuncheng Xian and places within the city. There are also air services in these cities.
Driving from Hukou Waterfalls and Taiyuan to Linfen is about 4 hours; whilst it takes about 2 hours' drive from Linfen to Yuncheng, about 140 kilometers (87 miles) away.