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Traditional Festivals in China

Brief Introduction

The paper cut are usually pasted on windows of Chinese family during traditional Chinese holidays.
Characterized by diverse styles and themes, traditional Chinese festivals are an important part of the country's history and culture, both ancient and modern. A close relationship exists between many of the traditional festivals and chronology, mathematics, the Chinese Calendar and the twenty-four solar terms. Many of the customs connected with the traditional festivals have links with religious devotions, superstitions and myths. The form which most of the festivals take today was established around the time of the Han Dynasty (206BC - 220) and for many years, various eminent poets have written countless masterpieces describing the festivals and are still recited regularly today.

Almost every festival has its own unique origins and customs which reflect the traditional practices and morality of the whole Chinese nation and its people. The grandest and most popular festivals are the Spring Festival, the Lantern Festival, the Qingming Festival, the Dragon Boat Festival, the Mid-autumn Festival, etc.

Table of Eight Chinese Traditional Festivals

Festival
Date
Customs
Spring Festival 1st - 15th of the first lunar month pasting scrolls, the character 'Fu', and paper-cuts pictures, displaying firecrackers and fireworks, paying New Year visits, and eating jiaozi.
Lantern Festival 15th day of the first lunar month watching lanterns and fireworks, guessing lantern riddles, performing folk dances, and eating yuanxiao.
Qingming Festival April 4th or 5th of the solar calendar tomb sweeping, spring outings, and flying kites.
Dragon Boat Festival 5th day of the 5th lunar month dragon boat racing, eating zongzi, wearing a perfume pouch and tying five-colour silk thread, and hanging mugwort leaves and calamus.
Double Seventh Festival 7th day of seventh lunar month praying for skillful hands, appreciating the stars, and eating noodles, jiaozi, and wontons.
Mid-autumn Festival 15th day of the 8th lunar month appreciating and offering sacrifice to the moonlight and eating moon cakes.
Chongyang Festival 9th day of the 9th lunar month eating Chongyang cake, drinking chrysanthemum wine, climbing mountains and appreciating beautiful chrysanthemums.
Winter Solstice Dec. 21st, 22nd or 23rd in solar calendar having dumplings in northern areas and having sticky puddings in southern areas
Laba Festival 8th day of the 12th lunar month eating laba rice porridge.

Timetable of Chinese Traditional Festivals (2011-2020)
FestivalYear Spring Festival Lantern Festival Qingming Dragon Boat Double Seventh Mid-autumn Chongyang Laba
2011 Feb. 3 Feb. 17 Apr. 5 Jun. 6 Aug. 6 Sep. 12 Oct. 5 Jan. 11
2012 Jan. 23 Feb. 6 Apr. 4 Jun. 23 Aug. 23 Sep. 30 Oct. 23 Jan. 1
2013 Feb. 10 Feb. 24 Apr. 4 Jun. 12 Aug. 13 Sep. 19 Oct. 13 Jan. 19
2014 Jan. 31 Feb. 14 Apr. 5 Jun. 2 Aug. 2 Sep. 8 Oct. 2 Jan. 8
2015 Feb. 19 Mar. 5 Apr. 5 Jun. 20 Aug. 20 Sep. 27 Oct. 21 Jan. 27
2016 Feb. 8 Feb. 22 Apr. 4 Jun. 9 Aug. 9 Sep. 15 Oct. 9 Jan. 17
2017 Jan. 28 Feb. 11 Apr. 4 May 30 Aug. 28 Oct. 4 Oct. 28 Jan. 5
2018 Feb. 16 Mar. 2 Apr. 5 Jun. 18 Aug. 17 Sep. 24 Oct. 17 Jan. 24
2019 Feb. 5 Feb. 19 Apr. 5 Jun. 7 Aug. 7 Sep. 13 Oct. 7 Jan. 13
2020 Jan. 25 Feb. 8 Apr. 4 Jun. 25 Aug. 25 Oct. 1 Oct. 25 Jan. 2

Note: The dates above refer to the gregorian calendar.

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