Together with European and Arabian architecture, ancient Chinese architecture is an important component of the world architectural system. During its long development, it gradually formed into a style which featured timberwork combining stone carving, rammed earth construction, bucket arch buildings and many other techniques. Industrious Chinese laboring people created many architectural miracles such as the Great Wall, Forbidden City and the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor.
The layout of a courtyard complex is also unique to China. The main structure is located on the central axis of a court while less-important structures are located to the left and right. The whole layout is symmetrical. Compared with European architectural style which is open and shut, a courtyard is like a hand scroll of painting which should be unfolded little by little. The scenery is different in each courtyard. Even in moving several steps within the court yard, you will be surprised at the changing of prospects. Likewise from the interior of the buildings the view from no two windows is the same.
Architecture Styles: There were many different styles of ancient Chinese buildings. All of them are unique and equally exquisite.
|Humble Administrator's Garden, Suzhou|
Traditional Chinese Residence
Seal-like Compound in Yunnan
Earthen Buildings of Hakkas in Fujian
Courtyards in Beijing
Farmers' Caves in Northern Shaanxi
China Architecture Culture: Architecture and culture are closely related to each other. Many buildings contain cultural connotations. The cultural facts will help people better understand the architectural structure and the design.
Chinese Memorial Arch