Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve

Located at the juncture of the three counties of Yinjiang, Jiangkou and Songtao in northeastern Guizhou Province, Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve is one of the main peaks of Wuling Mountain Range. The whole reserve covers an area of 567 sq kilometers (219 sq miles), dominated by the primitive vegetation.

Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve was established in 1978 under the approval of the government of Guizhou Province. In 1986, it was promoted to a national nature reserve and, in the same year, it was included in the 'Man and Biosphere' Protection Network of UNESCO. On Jul. 2nd, 2018, it was listed as a World Heritage by UNESCO.

Three Main Peaks of Fanjing Mountain

Fanjing Mountain has three main peaks, the 'Old Golden Summit', 'Fenghuang (means phoenix) Summit', and 'New Golden Summit'. There are over 8,000 stone steps from the foot to the summit. Climbing along the winding mountainous road to the summit is a rewarding pleasure. The 'Hongyun Golden Summit' is fabulous for the sea of cloud and mist. The colorful halo emerging in the sky around the summit is a most appealing wonder. The halo is like a rainbow and viewed as a sign of auspiciousness.


Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve is a treasure-house of plants and wildlife. The reserve is rich in plant resources and 80% of the conservation area is covered with virgin forest and other plants. There are about 795 families of plants and 1,955 species, including 14 families and 19 species of gymnosperms, 460 families and 1,155 species of spermatophytes and 123 families of fungi. Some plants are rare, such as the dove flowers which grow only in this region. Due to the influence of the sub-tropical alpine monsoon climate, the distribution of vegetation is vertically zonal. The plants vary from the evergreen broadleaf forest to deciduous trees.

Wild Fauna

The favorable climate and lush vegetation make Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve an ideal habitat for wild fauna. The number of wild animal species identified and documented has reached over 800. The diversified fauna include 68 species of mammals, 191 species of birds, 41 species of reptiles and 34 species of amphibians, respectively accounting for 13.6%, 6.2%, 10.9% and 12.2% of the national total animal population. Among these species, some are rare and endangered. The Guizhou golden monkeys can be seen only in this region and are on the edge of extinction, hence a national treasure and protected species. Other species like clouded leopard, South China Tiger, pangolin and antelope are also important national protected animals.

The biodiversity in Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve is unparalleled elsewhere at the same latitude. It is the one of the best-preserved subtropical forest ecosystems in China. The verdant mountain, the clear water and the diversified wildlife constitutes a unique environment.

Buddhism and Temples

The religious significance adds a splendor to the charm of Fanjingshan. It is a holy site for Buddhism and their adherents. As a saying goes, it is nature that shaped the fantastic scenery of the mountain, and it is Buddhists that made the mountain well-known. 'Fanjing' in Chinese, means a pure land for Buddhists. The serene environment allows visitors to feel their minds purified. Its established reputation as a sacred land of Buddhism can be traced back to the 16th century. In the mountain there are numerous Buddha temples, of which the temples worshiping Maitreya and Sakyamuni are the most famous. Each year, thousands of adherents flock there to worship.


1. Bring raincoats and umbrellas: the weather is unpredictable, and the scenic area is rainy.
2. Whatever seasons when traveling there and climbing the mountain, bring enough clothes to keep warm.

How to Get to Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve

Take a bus from Tongren Tourist Bus Station near Tongren Railway Station to the scenic area directly, and the buses depart at 07:30, 8:30 and 10:30 in the morning.

How to get to Fanjing Mountain National Reserve from Tongren Fenghuang Airport

There is direct airport shuttle bus running to Fanjing Mountain. The bus departs at 09:00 and once a day. Ticket fare is CNY50. 
Ticket Fare Operating Hours
Entrance Ticket Mar. - Nov.: CNY100
Dec. - Feb. next year: CNY90
Mar. Nov.: 8:00 - 19:00;
Dec. - Feb. next year: 8:00 - 18:00
Sightseeing Bus CNY20 (round-trip);
CNY10 (one-way);
Half-ticket price for children between 1.1 and 1.4 meters (3.6 - 4.6 feet);
Free for children under 1.1m.
Mar. Nov.: 8:00 - 16:30;
Dec. - Feb. next year: 8:00 - 17:00
Cable Car CNY160 (round-trip);
CNY90 (one-way);
Free for children under 1.1m.
Mar. Nov.: 8:00 - 18:00;
Dec. - Feb. next year: 8:00 - 17:00
Combo Ticket CNY290 including the entrence fee, sightseeing bus and round-trip cable car tickets.
- Last updated on Dec. 02, 2019 -
Questions & Answers on Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve
Asked by Rick Darling from AUSTRIA | Nov. 29, 2019 01:08Reply
I will be flying to Tongren to climb Fanjing mountain peak in the first week of January 2020.
Will the weather be fit for this adventure during this time of the year.
Answers (1)
Answered by Jack from NEW ZEALAND | Dec. 02, 2019 17:25

Yes, it is suitable for visit all year round. In January, you could appreciate the beautiful snow view.
Asked by Rick Darling from AUSTRIA | Nov. 24, 2019 23:45Reply
Is it a good idea to visit Fanjing mountain peaks in the 2nd week of January 2020?
Is it possible to cover n climb all three famous peaks in two days?
Is there any hotel close to the lower cable car station?
Otherwise, where should I stay for my convenience?
Answers (1)
Answered by Daniel from NEW ZEALAND | Nov. 26, 2019 19:52

Yes, you can. There are many hotels you can choose near the bottom of mountain.
Asked by Rinat from RUSSIA | Oct. 28, 2019 22:22Reply
At what time is last bus from Fanjingshan departured to Fenghuang and Tongren?
Answers (1)
Answered by Kimmy from CANADA | Oct. 30, 2019 18:39

There is no direct bus to Fenghuang or Tongren. You have to take bus to Jiangkou first then transfer the vehicle to your destination. But I didn't find the timetable.
Asked by weelee from SINGAPORE | Oct. 28, 2019 19:12Reply
how to get to fanjingshan from guangzhou?
Answers (1)
Answered by Louis from FRANCE | Oct. 29, 2019 20:21

You can take airplane to Tongren Airport first, then take direct tourist bus from there to Fanjingshan.
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