Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve

Located at the juncture of the three counties of Yinjiang, Jiangkou and Songtao in northeastern Guizhou Province, Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve is one of the main peaks of Wuling Mountain Range. The whole reserve covers an area of 567 sq kilometers (219 sq miles), dominated by the primitive vegetation.

Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve was established in 1978 under the approval of the government of Guizhou Province. In 1986, it was promoted to a national nature reserve and, in the same year, it was included in the 'Man and Biosphere' Protection Network of UNESCO. On Jul. 2nd, 2018, it was listed as a World Heritage by UNESCO.

Three Main Peaks of Fanjing Mountain

Fanjing Mountain has three main peaks, the 'Old Golden Summit', 'Fenghuang (means phoenix) Summit', and 'New Golden Summit'. There are over 8,000 stone steps from the foot to the summit. Climbing along the winding mountainous road to the summit is a rewarding pleasure. The 'Hongyun Golden Summit' is fabulous for the sea of cloud and mist. The colorful halo emerging in the sky around the summit is a most appealing wonder. The halo is like a rainbow and viewed as a sign of auspiciousness.


Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve is a treasure-house of plants and wildlife. The reserve is rich in plant resources and 80% of the conservation area is covered with virgin forest and other plants. There are about 795 families of plants and 1,955 species, including 14 families and 19 species of gymnosperms, 460 families and 1,155 species of spermatophytes and 123 families of fungi. Some plants are rare, such as the dove flowers which grow only in this region. Due to the influence of the sub-tropical alpine monsoon climate, the distribution of vegetation is vertically zonal. The plants vary from the evergreen broadleaf forest to deciduous trees.

Wild Fauna

The favorable climate and lush vegetation make Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve an ideal habitat for wild fauna. The number of wild animal species identified and documented has reached over 800. The diversified fauna include 68 species of mammals, 191 species of birds, 41 species of reptiles and 34 species of amphibians, respectively accounting for 13.6%, 6.2%, 10.9% and 12.2% of the national total animal population. Among these species, some are rare and endangered. The Guizhou golden monkeys can be seen only in this region and are on the edge of extinction, hence a national treasure and protected species. Other species like clouded leopard, South China Tiger, pangolin and antelope are also important national protected animals.

The biodiversity in Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve is unparalleled elsewhere at the same latitude. It is the one of the best-preserved subtropical forest ecosystems in China. The verdant mountain, the clear water and the diversified wildlife constitutes a unique environment.

Buddhism and Temples

The religious significance adds a splendor to the charm of Fanjingshan. It is a holy site for Buddhism and their adherents. As a saying goes, it is nature that shaped the fantastic scenery of the mountain, and it is Buddhists that made the mountain well-known. 'Fanjing' in Chinese, means a pure land for Buddhists. The serene environment allows visitors to feel their minds purified. Its established reputation as a sacred land of Buddhism can be traced back to the 16th century. In the mountain there are numerous Buddha temples, of which the temples worshiping Maitreya and Sakyamuni are the most famous. Each year, thousands of adherents flock there to worship.


1. Bring raincoats and umbrellas: the weather is unpredictable, and the scenic area is rainy.
2. Whatever seasons when traveling there and climbing the mountain, bring enough clothes to keep warm.

How to Get to Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve

Take a bus from Tongren Tourist Bus Station near Tongren Railway Station to the scenic area directly, and the buses depart at 07:30, 8:30 and 10:30 in the morning.
Ticket Fare Operating Hours
Entrance Ticket Mar. - Nov.: CNY100
Dec. - Feb. next year: CNY90
Mar. Nov.: 8:00 - 19:00;
Dec. - Feb. next year: 8:00 - 18:00
Sightseeing Bus CNY20 (round-trip);
CNY10 (one-way);
Half-ticket price for children between 1.1 and 1.4 meters (3.6 - 4.6 feet);
Free for children under 1.1m.
Mar. Nov.: 8:00 - 16:30;
Dec. - Feb. next year: 8:00 - 17:00
Cable Car CNY160 (round-trip);
CNY90 (one-way);
Free for children under 1.1m.
Mar. Nov.: 8:00 - 18:00;
Dec. - Feb. next year: 8:00 - 17:00
Combo Ticket CNY290 including the entrence fee, sightseeing bus and round-trip cable car tickets.
- Last modified on Feb. 28, 2019 -
Questions & Answers on Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve
Asked by Marc Tillotson from UNITED KINGDOM | May. 15, 2019 04:56Reply
What is the bus schedule from Tongren or Fenghuang to Fanjingshan?
Many thanks!
Answers (1)
Answered by Antony from ROMANIA | May. 15, 2019 20:09

The bus from Fenghuang Bus Terminal to Fanjingshan at 9:00 daily. It takes about 4.5 hours and the bus fare is about CNY60.
Asked by Joy from THAILAND | Feb. 27, 2019 18:33Reply
How i can go to Fanjingshan from Kunming?
Have the high speed train or bus from Kunming to the mountain?
Answers (1)
Answered by Chana from UNITED KINGDOM | Feb. 28, 2019 23:00

Take high speed train from Kunming South Railway Station to Guiyang North Railway Station first. The duration is around 2.5 hours. Then transfer to a bullet train to Tongren Railway Station. The duration is around 2 hours. After arriving, take a taxi to Tongren North Coach Station. There are many coaches to the mountain.
Asked by Sophia from CHINA | Jan. 11, 2019 15:28Reply
Is Mount Fanjing open currently?
Hi, I heard that this mountain is closed at the moment. I'm planning to visit during the CNY break. Will it open to the public?
Answers (1)
Answered by Caleb from USA | Jan. 15, 2019 00:45

The scenic area is reopen on Jan.4th, 2019. Thus you can visit there during the New Year Holiday.
Asked by Neil Lee from CANADA | Sep. 16, 2017 00:54Reply
Tour Mt. Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve.

I am interest in tour of Mt. Fanjingshan. it seems situate in center of Guiyang, zhangjiajie, Chongqing and Guilin. From closest place to Fanjinshan is Quiyang which is still 460 km away. Does fanjinagshan area has airport? and from which direction has flying option or train is fastest to reach Mt. Fanjinshan.

Best Regards,

Answers (1)
Answered by Terra from SINGAPORE | Sep. 19, 2017 21:37

As I know, near the area is Tongren Airport and you can take a flight from Guiyang Longdongbao International Airport.
After arrival, you can take bus 20 to Railway Station, and then walk west to the Bus Station.
Finally, you can take a bus to the mountain, as I know, only two buses are available at 7:30 and 8:30.
Asked by moshe from ISRAEL | Mar. 26, 2013 15:53Reply
Fanjingshan visit during may ?
we will arrive from Fhenghuang , where to sleep the most near (closer than tongren) ? how long it takes to climb ? is it really 8000, (not 800 ?) ? is it good for 60 years old ? we have only half day for it , than go to Zhenyuan city same day
Answers (3)
Answered by Jo from MALAYSIA | Mar. 27, 2013 03:28

I just know hostle called Guiranju near the gate of the mountain.
The number of steps is around 8000.
For climbing the 8000 steps, you may need about three to four hours and takes around 2 hours to get down the hill. I do not think it is suitable for 60 year-old senior and it is hard for you to climb in half a day.
Answered by moshe | Mar. 27, 2013 20:05

thanks for your reply, i think there is another way to get to the top ? , is it interesting to visit there beside climbing to the summit ?
Answered by Vivian from CHINA | Mar. 27, 2013 21:05

Yeah, a tour guide told me that there are 8,888 steps to go up. But why not take the cable car to get the mountain top as you have 60 year old seniors.

Generally, people spend almost two days to have a full view of the attraction. Half a day is not enough.
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