Mencius Family Mansion & Mencius Temple
Mencius Family Mansion: Chinese people take Confucius and Mencius as the two sages in Confucianism. Mencius was a thinker, educator, politician and essayist in the Warring States Periods (476BC-221BC). He carried Confucianism forward and developed his own complete ideological system.
If you were impressed by the grandiose Kong Family Mansion, you should not miss the Mencius Family Mansion located in Zoucheng City in Shandong Province, home to the descendants of Mencius for dynasties. The mansion is oblong in shape, measuring 247 yards (226 metres) long and 108 yards (97 metres) wide. It was constructed during the late Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127) or thereabouts. The house has seven courtyards and features the Grand Hall in front, the inner sanctum in the middle and the garden at the rear. There are 148 buildings including various halls, towers and pavilions distributed orderly along the central axis.
The layout of the mansion follows the traditional courtyard style, having halls in the front and houses at the rear. The front of the mansion comprises the Grand Hall, Jianshan Hall and Meng family ancestral temple. The Grand Hall is where the officials were received and public affairs were handled. Jianshan Hall is the place where the Meng descendants feasted with their friends. The rear of the mansion comprises the Shien Hall, Cishu Tower and Yuanlu Tower. The Shien Hall is a typical Chinese courtyard which displays precious ancient furniture, jade wares, curios, famous paintings and calligraphy works. The Cishu Tower is the place where the emperors' valued painting scrolls and calligraphy scrolls, ancient books and family records are preserved. Yuanlu Tower is where treasured historical relics are kept.
The mansion is not only a traditional Chinese courtyard reflecting exquisite ancient architecture, but also a museum which retains a large number of precious cultural relics. It houses reference materials relating to the economic development, political development and history of China's feudal society.
Mencius Temple: It is located in the south of Zoucheng City in Shandong Province, neighboring Meng Family Mansion in the west.
It is a five courtyard complex which houses 64 buildings including halls, pavilions and towers. Yasheng Hall (Second Sage Hall) is located in the center around which other buildings are orderly distributed. Covering an area of over 560 square meters (670 square yards), Yasheng Hall is elaborately decorated with green glazed colored tiles and red pillars, where worships the sculpture of the sage.
The Temple also keeps over 350 stone inscriptions from the Qin (221BC-206BC), Han (206BC-220), Tang (618-907), Song (960-1279), Yuan (1271-1368) and Ming (1368-1644) Dynasties. Among these exquisite artworks, two are most striking. They are erected to remember and praise Mencius' mother who is a great woman in bringing up and educating her son.
This Temple, adding splendor to the Temple of Confucius not far away, is worthy of being called an art museum of ancient architecture, paintings and carvings.
|Admission Fee:||March 1 - November 30: CNY 40; |
December 1 - the end of February: CNY 30
I will spend three days in Qufu later this month and I would like to visit Mencius Mansion and Temple. Do you know what is the best way to get there from Qufu? How long will it take approximately?
Thank you =)