Geographical Introduction of the Yellow River

The Yellow River is the second longest in China only inferior to Yangtze River . It originates from the northern slope of the majestic Bayankera Mountains in Qinghai Province, traversing through nine provinces of Qinghai Province, Sichuan Province, Gansu Province, Ningxia Hui Nationality Autonomous Region, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi Province, Shanxi Province, Henan Province and Shandong Province before flowing into the Bohai Sea. More than 30 branches and countless streams join the Yellow River on the way to the sea. Being the river with the most excessive silt in the world, the Yellow River gets its name from the muddiness of its water, which bears a perennial ochre-yellow color.

Generally speaking, the Yellow River is divided into three stages.

In the upper reaches, it starts from its original passes in Qinghai Province, running 3,472 kilometers (about 2,157 miles) through mountains and arid regions, swamps and grasslands just before it makes a sharp turn to the south at Hekouzhen of Inner Mongolia.

In the middle reaches, it flows 1,206 kilometers (about 749 miles) to Taohuayu in Zhengzhou, Henan Province. At this stage, this part of the mighty Yellow River runs through the vast region of the Loess Plateau, cutting the plateau into two parts like a sharp sword: the east (right) side of the river is Shanxi Province and the west (left) side is Shaanxi Province. The Yellow River has become the natural geographical demarcation of the two provinces. And at the same time, many of branches take a great amount of mud and sand into it, so this area is the main silt source of Yellow River. A famous engineering project is located in this section: the Xiaolangdi Multipurpose Dam, which is used for flood control, ice jam control, siltation control, irrigation, and water supply, as well as generating hydroelectric power.

In the lower reaches, it flows 786 kilometers (about 488 miles) through the North China Plain, ending at the delta of Bohai Sea. In this section, excessive sediment deposits have raised the riverbed several meters over the surrounding grounds. Thus, the world famous 'River above Ground' emerges.

- Last modified on Mar. 26, 2019 -
Questions & Answers on Geographical Condition of the Yellow River
Asked by Katie from ENGLAND | Oct. 07, 2012 01:33Reply
What important landforms are there at the end of the Huang He River?
I'm an A level student studying this river. Was asked to find out what landforms there are at the end of this river. Can't find anything online at all! I thought the lower course of the river was mainly flat, am I wrong?
Answers (1)
Answered by Andy | Oct. 07, 2012 20:02
9190Reply


Yes, you are right. The lower course flows 786 kilometers (about 488 miles) through the North China Plain, ending at the delta of Bohai Sea.
Asked by Mrs.nothingtonow from UNITED KINGDOM | Jan. 09, 2011 19:02Reply
how did geography affect the peopleof the huang he civilization?
Answers (3)
Answered by Ms.Cindy | Jan. 09, 2011 20:48
7251Reply


Huanghe Civilization was originated from the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River. It is big and plat plain area with plenty water resources. Agriculture could be well developed here. This is an affect I think.
Answered by Jane The Killer from AMERICA | Jan. 31, 2014 12:58
3211Reply


Huang Civilization was originated from the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River. It is a big and flat plain area with plemty of water resources. Agriculture could be well developed here. This is an effect.
Answered by a person from SOMEWHERE | Feb. 19, 2017 09:51
22Reply


There is actually a civilization that dates back to 2500 B.C called the Longshan. They decorated their dead with jade and bronze, a metal made of tin and copper, and buried them with colorful pieces of pottery. These people also developed a solar observatory to tell when it was time to plant, have holidays, solstices and when to harvest.
Asked by Mr.need help from PLEASE | Jun. 21, 2009 06:51Reply
i need help with my prodject[in year 6] please tell me stuff about the yellow river!
Answers (1)
Answered by Mr.Wayne from USA | Jun. 22, 2009 04:33
8209Reply


It is the mother river of Chinese people, it is the second longest after Yangtze River in China and also the one cotains most sand in the world. It is the fifth longest in the world. It passes nine provinces including Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu,Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan and Shandong before pouring into the Bohai Sea. The branches of Yellow River are Huangshui, Taohe Rivers in the upper stream, Weihe, Fenhe, Qinhe and Qingshuihe Rivers in the middle stream and Yihe and Luohe River in the downstream.
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