Here you could find a 6000-year-old village ruins, and it is the first prehistoric site museum in China. The site was discovered in year 1953, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences excavated the site during year 1954 and 1957. In order to protect and display this site in situ.
In the Exhibition Halls, you can see the recovered production tools, daily necessities and artworks used by the original ancestors. They are divided into stone tools, bone tools and pottery. You will find stone axe, stone shovel, stone knife, grinding disc, spinning fiber, bone knife, bone needle, fish hook, harpoon, pottery basin, pottery bowl, pottery jar, and pointed bottom bottle, etc. Twenty-two kinds of engraved symbols unearthed at the Banpo ruins are also displayed. The paintings on the pottery are rich and vivid, some of them are mysterious, and the patterns are simple and concise. These patterns are closely related to the life of prehistoric people. The pottery basin with human face and fish patterns is the most precious cultural relic unearthed from the Banpo site, the creative inspiration of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games mascot Fuwa comes from it.
In the Site Hall, visitors could see the relics such as houses, cellars, stove pits, burial ground, which vividly show us the production and life of the ancestors who were in the prosperous period of the matriarchal society more than 6000 years ago. It has important scientific value for studying the history of Chinese primitive society.