Juyongguan Great Wall
Built in accordance with the difficult terrain, Juyongguan Great Wall was a solid barrier of the old city of Beijing.
Why Visiting Juyongguan Rather Than Others?
Besides the ancient wall, many old buildings, like towers and temples, can also be seen there.
Stairs in western part are quite steep while in the other side are gentler. Visitors who love challenging and those who are weak in sports can both have fun there.
37 miles (60 kilometers) away from downtown Beijing, it is the nearest section from the city proper.
Basic Facts of Juyongguan Great Wall
Situated in a valley surrounded by mountains on two sides, it has long been a military stronghold.
It was first built in the Spring and Autumn Period (770 – 476 BC) and Warring States Period (476 – 221 BC) by Yan State as a fortification, and was linked to the Great Wall of China in the Southern and Northern Dynasties (386 – 589).
Zhu Yuanzhang, the first emperor of the Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644), ordered the pass to be rebuilt to protect the northern borders from intrusions of the Mongolian tribe. The extant pass was built then, and renovated in 1992.
The mountain in the east is Cuiping Mountain, measuring 492 feet (150 meters) in height and holding wall of 4,921 feet (1,500 meters) long on its back. The other one in the west is Jingui Mountain, 1,152 feet (351 meters) high, with 3,937 feet (1,200 meters) of wall built according to it. The walls on two mountains look like giant arms hugging buildings inside the valley.
|Vivid Sculptures of Cloud Platform|
The pass is roughly circular with a perimeter of about 2.6 miles (4,142 meters) long. The widest point of the wall is 55 feet (16.7 meters), while the narrowest measures only four feet (1.2 meters).
It consists of two gates, one in the south and the other in the north, respectively called Nan (south) Guan (gate) and Bei (north) Guan. Two high towers were built at each of them respectively, in order to observe enemies' situation.
There is a high platform called Cloud Platform in the center of the pass. It is a white marble construction. There used to be buildings on its top. But they were burnt to ashes at last, only the marble base remains. An arched doorway penetrates the platform. On the walls of the doorway, statues of four heavenly gods and sutra scriptures were carved.
|Admission Fee||April to October||CNY 45 for adults and children over 3.9 feet (1.2 meters).||Free for children less than 3.9 feet (1.2 meters) in height.|
|November to March||CNY 40 for adults and children over 3.9 feet (1.2 meters).|
|Opening Hours||April to October||8:00 – 17:00|
|November to March||8:30 – 16:00|
| || |
How to Tour Juyongguan Great Wall?
It is a closed wall. You can finish your whole trip without backtracking, which would take about one day. You can also have a half-day tour only visiting half of it.
From south gate (main entrance), you can start your tour either eastward or westward. Stairs in the eastern section are gentler than that in the western side. For those who are not good at exercises can pick the eastern route.
When arriving at the north gate, visitors can take a good rest there, and then decide whether to continue the other half or not. If you are too tired to finish the whole tour, you can get down and visit buildings inside the pass.
Two gate towers are now the best view points to see the full picture of the pass. No. 13 Beacon Tower at the west section is the highest point of the scenic area. You can have a bird's-eye-view of the pass there, too.
Stairs would be very slippery in the rain. You'd better check the weather before your visit to avoid the bad weather conditions.
When is the Best Time to Visit?
The best time to visit this section is April, May, September and October. In April and May, the green mountains are dotted with beautiful flowers. The ancient wall is immersed in a sea of flowers. In autumn, the flamboyant leaves form another highlight of the scenic area. To have a joyful visiting experience, you are advised to avoid the tour peaks of the May Day Holiday (May 1 to May 3) and the National Day Holiday (October 1 to October 7).
How to Get to Juyongguan Great Wall from Downtown Beijing?
By Bus: Chang 68
You can take bus no. Chang 68 to get here directly. This bus starts from Shahe Station. To reach Shahe, you can take buses 345, 519, 670, 878, 881, 883, 887, 889, 919, Zhuan 45, Zhuan 50, or Zhuan 53, etc.
By Train: S2
Take subway line 2, line 4 or line 13 to Beijing North Railway Station to take train S2. Get off at Badaling Railway Station, and then take free shuttle bus to Badaling Bus Station. After, take bus 879 and get here.
Where to Eat?
There's no restaurant in the scenic area. You'd better take some snacks. Visitors always get sweating. So bringing some bottled water is also necessary.
One Day Great Wall Tour: Juyongguan - Badaling - Mutianyu
Juyongguan Great Wall Hiking