Situated in a valley surrounded by mountains, Juyongguan Pass has long been a military stronghold. As early as the Spring and Autumn Period (770BC-476BC) and Warring States Period (476BC-221BC), the Yan State built fortifications here. In the Northern and Southern Dynasties (386-589), this section was linked to the Great Wall of China. This pass served as a natural barrier to the capital of Yuan (1271-1368) and Ming (1368-1644) Dynasties. Therefore, immediately after the founding of his reign, Zhu Yuanzhang, the first emperor of the Ming Dynasty, ordered the pass to be rebuilt to protect the borders from intrusions of the Mongolian tribe. Many fierce battles were fought here.
The pass is roughly circular with a perimeter of about 4,142 meters (about 4,530 yards). It consists of two passes, one in the south, one in the north, respectively called 'Nan Kou' and 'Badaling'.
In the middle of the pass lies a high platform called 'Cloud Platform', which is made of white marble. In the Yuan Dynasty, three stone towers were built on the platform. At the end of Yuan Dynasty, they were burnt down. Later, a temple called 'Tai'an' was built on the site, but it was burnt down during the reign of Emperor Kang Xi of Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), after which only the platform remained. Inside the platform is an arched doorway. On the walls of the doorway, the statues of four heavenly gods and sutra scriptures are carved.
|Admission Fee:|| |
CNY 45 (April 1 – Oct.31); CNY 40 (Nov. 1 – March 31)
08:30 – 17:00
a. Take the Subway Line 13 and get off at Longze Station in Changping District, take the shuttle bus No.68 and you will get there.
b. Take the shuttle bus No.919 (shuttle bus) (Deshengmen West - Nankou) at Deshengmen Station and get off at Nankou Dongjie Station and take bus No.68 in Changping District and get off at the terminal station, or take bus no.345 (fast line) and get off at Shahe, and take bus No.68 to there. The trip from Deshengmen Station to Nankou Dongjie Station takes about one and half an hours and the ticket costs CNY 6. The trip from Nankou Dongjie Station to the pass takes about 20 minutes and the ticket costs CNY 0.5.
By car: Take the Badaling Expressway and take the Juyongguan Pass Exit.
Take bus No.68 in Changping District and get off at the terminal station Shahe, and then take bus No.345 (fast line) and get off at the terminal station Deshengmen West or take bus No.919 (shuttle bus) (Nankou – Deshengmen) and get off at the terminal station Deshengmen West.
Dining & Accommodation
Juyongguan Pass Great Wall Old Hostel
Chinese name: 居庸关长城古客栈 (Jū Yōng Guān Cháng Chéng Gǔ Kè Zhàn)
|Juyongguan Pass Great Wall Old Hostel|
It can accommodate over 200 people dining at the same time. It offers Sichuan and Guangdong Food, delicate western-style breakfast, excellent dessert, buffets and barbecues of Chinese and western styles.
There are over 100 guest rooms including standard rooms and luxury suites. The facilities in the rooms are complete, including central air conditioning system, satellite television, 24-hour hot water and IC card lock system.
Indoor swimming pool, saunas, bowling, table tennis, billiards, shuffle-board, Karaoke bar
Small, medium-sized and large meeting rooms; Modern multifunctional meeting halls which can hold over 300 people; the number and shapes of the desks and chairs can be adjusted by guest's requests.
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One Day Great Wall Tour: Juyongguan Great Wall - Badaling - Mutianyu Great Wall
Juyongguan Great Wall Hiking