Museum of the Imperial Palace of Manchukuo
The Museum of the Imperial Palace of Manchukuo is a museum in Changchun of Jilin Province in northeast China. From 1932 to 1945, it once served as the residence of China's last emperor Puyi and the head office of puppet Manchukuo set up by the Japanese Army intruding into the Northeast of China.
In 1931, Japanese overran the Northeast of China and forcibly colonized three provinces in that area. In order to bring the region under their control they created the Manchu State (1932-1945) and set up Puyi, the last Emperor of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), as its nominal head of state. However, he was merely a puppet ruler answerable to the Japanese Amy. An imperial palace was then established in Changchun from where Puyi held court under the direction of his Japanese masters. Finally, in 1945, the Second World War was brought to an end and the Japanese surrendered to China. At the same time, the Manchukuo ceased to exist and Puyi returned to the status of an ordinary citizen.
Now Puyi has long been dead and the past is past and although the Imperial Palace suffered a certain amount of damage in 1945, most of the buildings and facilities are still safe and sound. In 1962, the Museum of the Imperial Palace of Manchukuo was restored on the old site located on the Guangfu Road of Changchun City. Now the protected part is 137,000 square meters (33.85 acres), and the exhibition area covers 47,000 square meters (11.61 acres).
The exhibits in the Museum of the Imperial Palace of Manchukuo have been set up in three sections: a display relating to the colonial state; a subject exhibition and finally, a display illustrating the daily lives of the Emperor and his concubines. Amongst the collection of important relics, there is a carpet from Jingren Palace in the Chinese Forbidden City, documents signed by Puyi and so on. The entire palace is surrounded by high walls, and there are about ten buildings in it. The main part of the palace is divided into two sections - the outer palace and the inner palace. This was where the emperor managed the puppet state and held ceremonies and includes Qinmin Mansion, Huaiyuan Mansion and Jiale Palace. Besides, there are other places of amusement in the outer palace, such as the garden, artificial hills, swimming pool and the horse race course. The inner palace was occupied by the Emperor and his concubines. For instance, the Emperor Puyi and the Empress Wan Rong once resided in Jixi mansion. The Museum of the Imperial Palace of Manchukuo is also a research center dealing with the history of the Japanese invasion of China and the Manchu State. In a sense, this museum provides excellent patriotic education.
In a word, the Museum of the Imperial Palace of Manchukuo enables the visitor to gain a clear understanding of the Manchu State and for anyone who is interested in Chinese history a visit here is extremely worthwhile.
How to get to Museum of the Imperial Palace of Manchukuo
2. Take Bus 264 to Wei Man Huang Gong (Museum of the Imperial Palace of Manchukuo).
3. Take Bus 10, 131, 141, 168, 275, or 276 to Shi Qi Shi Zhong Xue and then walk south for 3 minutes to the museum.
|Entrance Fee||CNY 70; |
Free for children under 1.3m (4.3 feet).
|Opening Hours||May - Oct. 7: 8:30 - 17:20; |
Oct. 8 - Apr.: 8:30 - 16:50;
Ticket selling stops 70 minutes earlier.