Prehistoric Times

Prehistoric Times

The Prehistoric Times refer to the period from about 1,700,000 years ago to the establishment of the Xia Dynasty in the 21 century BC. As people who lived during this period developed the use of stone tools, this age is also called the Stone Age. According to the different implements people used then, the age is divided into two periods: the Paleolithic Age and the Neolithic Age.

The Paleolithic Age was characterized by the use of some simple tools. It is said that Yuanmou Man lived 1,700,000 years ago and was the earliest man in China known to the people. It was found in Yunnan Province. Lantian Man and Peking Man also lived during the Paleolithic Age. Mainly inhabiting caves, humans at that time were gregarious. In addition to the use of some simple tools, they first discovered fire and used it often in their daily lives. The Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian in Beijing is good evidence for this.

 
The Huts of Banpo Matriarchal Clan Community
Huts of Banpo Matriarchal Clan Community
Ancient people used caldron to cook food.
Ancient people used caldron to cook food.
The Neolithic Age was a more advanced period compared to the Paleolithic Age. People built houses and began to farm by using grinding stones. Extraordinary advancements were made during this period, whether in spinning and carving skills, or in vehicle making techniques, and music. The famous Yangshao Culture and Longshan Culture belonged to this age.

As life in Prehistoric Times was hard and full of challenges, people lived together to fight against terrible weather conditions and all kinds of natural disasters. The Chief was chosen according to one's ability in a system that was called the Abdication System. Shun was recommended by the previous chief, Yao, and  became his successor. Later, Yu became the chief because of his contribution to controlling floodwaters. This system continued until 2070 BC when Boyi was recommended by Yu and Qi. Yu's son killed Boyi and made himself the king. Thus the Abdication System ended. The first dynasty - Xia hereafter came the forth ruling family in Chinese history.

 
Basin painted with the design of human face and fish
Basin Painted with the Design
of Human Face and Fish
The Fossil Skull Belonging to 
Prehistoric Times
As for civilization during the Prehistoric Times, myths and legends were the main content. Some of the best known are the legend about the Creation of the World by Pan Gu, the legend of the creation of the humans by Nvwa, and the legend of Dayu's control of water.
- Last modified on Jun. 02, 2017 -
Questions & Answers on The Prehistoric Times of China
Asked by coraline from CANADA | Mar. 02, 2015 19:51Reply
what did the chinese wear in 1853?
Answers (2)
Answered by Carol from ROMANIA | Mar. 03, 2015 02:33
96Reply


Men wear long gown with mandarin jacket worn over the gown. Women wear cloak, skirt and short jacket.
Answered by Zelia from MACAO | Jun. 02, 2017 07:15
50Reply


Clothes
Asked by Chad from CANADA | Sep. 11, 2014 11:37Reply
Is there any recorded history from before the Stone age, about the native tribes in China?
Answers (1)
Answered by Monica from USA | Sep. 12, 2014 04:55
97Reply


The recorded history can be hard to find, because people do not write during that time. You can only visit some musuems in China to see their working tools, models' of house, or some relics from that time to know their daily life.
Asked by Anna Farley from CANADA | Apr. 13, 2013 16:33Reply
Does anyone know anything useful about China in 3000 BC to 4000 BC?
I need to know this quickly please. I think that prehistory is important and I think there is alot less informatiion about prehistory so I am taking it apon myself to learn about it.
Answers (2)
Answered by Fion from MALAYSIA | Apr. 13, 2013 20:19
147Reply


As far as I know, from the archaeological discovery, in 4000BC, there are living and tomb sites near the Yellow and Yangtze Riversides, which means that Chinese society stepped into civilized society.
From 3000BC, the agriculture developed fast and the high techology handicraft appeared then such as the making jade article, silk, lacquer and so on. Besides, the wars appeared at that time.
Answered by Anna Farley from CANADA | Apr. 14, 2013 07:10
137Reply


Thank you for your help!
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