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From the very beginning, Shanghai has always been an open market and concession to the whole world. Affected by different kinds of foreign cultures and customs, Shanghai has a unique and multi-faceted history. Walking along the old streets, the historical sights can be found here and there.
Nanjing Road, Shanghai
Jing'an District is in the center of Shanghai downtown area. It was named after the famous ancient Jing'an Temple. It has the first western style street, Nanjing Road with a history of 150 years and the first railroad car. After New China was founded, Jing'an has become a high class business and residential area. Besides the luxury, travelers could also trace the old Shanghai's history and culture in Jing'an, especially on those classic and exquisite pieces of architecture.
From the beginning of 20th century, many houses and buildings were put up in Jing'an. Most of them are in western style, such as classical European, Spanish, British rustic, etc. Here we suggest the representative three buildings for you, Moller Villa, Kadoorie House and Jing'an Temple.
Moller Villa (Add.: No.30 South Shaanxi Road; Tel: 021-62478881) was originally the private residence of the Jewish-British millionaire, Eric Moller. He built this villa in 1936 to realize his daughter's dream - a castle from Andersen's fairy tale. Now this dreamlike villa is a top-quality hotel, called Heng Shan Moller Villa Hotel, and its architectural beauty is well preserved. The traffic is very convenient. You can take the public bus No. 1/48/71/127/311/925/936 and get off at Shan Xi North Station, or you can take the subway No. 1 to Shan Xi South Station and then walk about 15 minutes to the north. The neighborhood is very good and there are a lot of boutiques and restaurants nearby. You can have lunch at the hotel restaurant, or choose one of the local eateries.
Then take the public bus No. 1/71/48/936/925 and get off at YanAnXiLu HuaShanLu Station. You will find the China Welfare Institute of Children's Palace (Add.: No. 64 West Yan'an Road), which is the former Shanghai Kadoorie House built in 1924, also known as the Marble Hall. This marvelous and Alhambresque construction was built by Sir Eleazer Silas Kadoorie who was also a British Jew. The Kadoorie's family has always been generous and charitable. Sir Kadoorie has donated to construct several hospitals, medical equipment and schools. Since 1953, the house has become the China Welfare Institute of Children's Palace, which is the first Children's Palace in China.
Just behind Kadoorie House, at the No. 1686 West Nanjing Road, lies the famous Jing'an Temple. It is the most famous landmark in Jing'an District. Originally located beside the Suzhou Creek and constructed in 247, the temple was moved to the present location in 1216. People from all over the country are attracted by its antique collections and the 3.87-meter-tall Jade Buddha. The admission is CNY30.00. You can have dinner inside the temple to sample the vegetarian food. The traffic here is very convenient. Subway No. 2 and 7 and public bus No. 15/ 20/ 45/ 71/ 76/ 93/ 94/ 113/ 138/ 506/ 824/ 830/ 831/ 921/ 927/ 925B/ 939 all have stops here.
After a day's trip, choose a suitable bus back to your hotel in Shanghai.