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Benefiting from Dujiangyan Irrigation Project which was constructed in 256 B.C., Sichuan Province is reputed as "Tian Fu Zhi Guo", literally a place richly endowed with natural resources. Chengdu, as the capital, is extremely productive. The Min and Tuo Rivers, two branches of the Yangtze River, connected to forty other rivers, supply an irrigation area of more than 700 square kilometres (270.27 square miles) with 150-180 million kilowatts of water. Consisting of abundant mineral resources, the land is extremely fertile.
The history of the city can be traced back 2,400 when the first emperor built his capital here and named the city. Through thousands of years its original name has been kept and its position as the capital and as the significant center of politics, commerce and military of the Sichuan area (once called Shu) has remained unchanged. Since the Han (206B.C.-220) and Tang (618-907) Dynasties when its handicraft industry flourished, the place has been famous for its brocades and embroideries. Shu embroideries still enjoy a high reputation for their bright colors and delicate designs, ranking among the four main embroideries in China. The city was also the place where the bronze culture, an indispensable part of ancient Chinese culture, originated; the place where the Southern Silk Road started; and the place where the earliest paper currency, Jiaozi (not the dumpling!), was first printed. It is listed among the first 24 state-approved historical and cultural cities and owns 23 state and provincial cultural relic units.
Sampling the famous Sichuan cuisine is a must for a visit here. Enjoying the food as well as the culture, shopping and having tea at a teahouse afford a deeper understanding of this cultural city.
Improved land and airlines extending nationwide provide greater convenience. Chengdu is also the main inland access city to Tibet.
From Sep. 1, 2013, passport holders of 45 countries including the USA, Canada, UK, Germany, France, Australia, Russia, Netherlands, Switzerland, Spain, Portugal, Japan, etc. can enjoy 72 hours free transit via Shuangliu Airport.
Read details about 72-Hour Visa-Free Transit.
Newly Uploaded Attractions:
Wide and Narrow Alley Xiling Snow Mountain Huanglongxi Ancient Town Jinsha Site Museum
Panda Base with Mt. Emei: Chengdu - Leshan Buddha - Mt. Emei