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Mongolia Travel Guide

Mongolia, literally meaning ever burning fire, is a landlocked country between China in the north and Russia in the south. It’s known as the “country of blue sky”. Ulaanbaatar is the capital and the biggest city of this country, where over 45% of the whole country’s population dwell.

Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia

Basic Facts

 Location: East Asia
 Area: 1,564,116 km² (603,909 sq. mi)
 Population: About 3.06 million
 Language: Mongolian
 Currency: Tögrög (MNT)
 Time Zone: UTC+8
 Capital: Ulaanbaatar
 Administrative Division: Ulaanbaatar & 21Provinces
 Religions: Tibetan Buddhism, Islam, Shamanism

 See also 11 Facts about Mongolia     Top 7 Fun Facts about Mongolia

Visitors can experience the local culture and activities there, such as horse-riding, camel-riding, and climbing. Mongolia is famous for its beautiful natural views and unique ethic flavor.

 See also 5 Best Traditional Mongolia Festivals     Traditional Mongolian Arts

The best time to visit Mongolia is from May to September, when the temperature is comfortable. However, winter clothing also should be prepared because of the strong wind and the difference in temperature between day and night. It is necessary to bring clothes like coats, wind coat, cotton and down jacket.

 See also Mongolia Weather     Ulaanbaatar Weather     Best Time to Visit Ulaanbaatar

In spring, it sometimes has snows and sandstorms and the weather changes quickly. In summer, it is the best time to pay a visit here. In autumn, the weather may not change so quickly but it turns to be cold. In winter, it always has blizzards.

Mongolia owns an international airport named “Chinggis Khaan International Airport”, as well as railways and highways. It’s possible to arrive at Chinggis Khaan International Airport from Beijing, Moscow and Berlin. There are lots of means of transportation for travelling within the country, such as hiking, cycling, rental car, horse-riding and buses (See also Ulaanbaatar Bus & Ulaanbaatar Transportation).

 See more about about Mongolia Trains:

How to Buy Mongolia Train Tickets          How to Read a Mongolia Train Ticket          Mongolia Train Types

Things to Know before Mogolia Train Travel         Destinations along Trans-Mongolia Route

It’s necessary to prepare enough mineral water because the water on grassland has a high salt and alkali content which is not easy to be adapted.

The public security is not very good. Pay attention to your property when traveling and it’s not suitable to go out at night or go to some places that are far away from the crowded.

 See also:

6 Things to Know Before You Visit Mongolia

All You Need to Know about Safety in Mongolia for Travelers

Currency in Mongolia

Best Mongolia Foods & Mongolian Cuisine

8 Best Mongolia Souvenirs

Mongolian Traditions

Mongolian Visa



This country used to be ruled by several nomadic peoples in history, such as Xiongnu, Xianbei, Rouran, Turkic and Khitan. Chinggis Khan founded the Mongolian Empire in 1206, which used to be the largest country all over the world. Then his grandson, Kublai Khan, founded the Yuan Empire in 1271. In 1368, the invasion of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang of the Ming Dynasty led to the collapse of the Yuan Empire. Finally, the regime was divided into three parts, one of which was incorporated into the Former Soviet Union in 1944. The other two parts were respectively Inner Mongolia of China and the independent regime of Mongolia.

 See also: 6 Things to Learn about Mongolian People


Most parts of the country are covered with grassy steppe, and the arable land is limited. The highest point is the Khuiten Peak, 4,653 meters (15,266 ft) high. With mountains to the north and the west and the Gobi Desert to the south, almost all nationals are nomadic and semi-nomadic. Lake Hovsgul is the most famous river in the country.

- Last updated on May. 17, 2021 -