|Jianshui Confucius Temple |
Jianshui, an ancient town in Jianshui
, is one of the national famous historic and cultural towns of China. With a history of about 1200 years and an abundant distinctive cultural heritage, the Ancient Town enjoys a great reputation as a 'Museum of Ancient Buildings and Residential Houses' and attracts a lot of visitors at home and abroad.
Jianshui was called Lin'an or Badian Town in ancient times. It is located over 220 kilometers (nearly 136.7 miles) south of Kunming. The history of this ancient town can be dated back to Nanzhao State (738-937). About the year 810 the Nanzhao State built Huili City here. Huili in Yi (an ethnic minority of China) language means 'vast sea', and in Han language it is translated as Jianshui. In the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) the government set up Jianshui Zhou. Later, in the Ming Dynasty, it was changed to Lin'an Fu. Under the reign of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) it was changed to Jianshui County.
Jianshui still retains the traditional style of the original town in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) with break walls and a gate tower. From over 12 centuries of construction, more than 15 ancient buildings have remained in its present ancient town. If you come here to have a look, you will find many distinctive attractions. The famous scenic spots include: Jianshui Confucius Temple, Zhu Family Garden, Double Dragon Bridge and the National Examination Site of Xuezheng (the National Education Ministry) of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Apart from these attractions, the surrounding sights are also delightful, such as the Swallow Cave and Zhang Family Garden in Tuanshan Village.
|Swallow Cave, Jianshui, Honghe || |
|National Examination Site of Xuezheng |
Among the above scenic spots, Jianshui Confucius Temple was a very special attraction. It was built in the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) and was the biggest Confucius Temple at that time. Now it is just behind the Confucius Temple in Qufu, Shandong Province, in scale. The temple has a traditional Chinese construction style, facing south. It is 625 meters (0.39 miles) deep, covering an area of 114 mu (18.78 acres), including 31 buildings. There is a memorial archway in front of the temple. Behind the archway lies a green lotus pool, called PanChi Pool or Xuehai (Sea of Learning, an academy where learners and scholars gathered to study ), which covers an area of 42 mu (6.9 acres) and ranks No.1 in the whole country. It is surrounded by red walls and boasts a small pavilion named Diao'ao (meaning angling for a huge legendary turtle) Pavilion. The name means achieving in career and fame. Walking through several gates and yards, you will see the Ancestral Master Hall, which is the major building of the Confucius Temple and lies on the highest terrace back of the vertical axis of the whole building complex. Sacrificial rituals are regularly held here,
showing respect to Confucius. There is a bronze incense burner in front of the hall, whose four legs were carved to be four elephants' heads, representing the cultural characteristics of South Yunnan. All in all, this Confucius Temple is a display of the cultural mixture of the Han and the other ethnic groups of South Yunnan.
|Ancestral Master Hall, Confucius Temple || |
|Sacrificial rituals held in Confucius Temple |
Chaoyang Tower (the tower facing the sun) is the landmark of Jianshui Ancient Town. It was built as the eastern gate of the ancient town in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and remains till now, while the other three towers all collapsed because of war fires and the erosion of wind and rain. Chaoyang Tower is reputed to be the 'Small Tiananmen Tower' because it is very much like the Beijing Tiananmen Tower in appearance, although Chaoyang Tower
|Chaoyang Tower, Jianshui Ancient Town |
was built 28 years earlier. It is 24.5 meters (80.38 feet) high, 12.31 meters (13.46 yards) long and 26.8 meters (29.3 yards) wide, containing three storeys and covering an area of 414 square meters (0.102 acres). It features the traditional construction style with big
poles, a three-eaves saddle roof and wood carved doors. Under the eaves hang horizontal boards, inscribed by celebrities, such as the calligrapher Tu Rizhuo in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) and the Saint of Cursive Script Zhang Xu (658- 747) in the Tang Dynasty (618-907). Another attraction is the bell hanging on the tower which is over 2 meters (6.562 feet) high and weighs 3.4 jin (1.4 kilograms). At the time of sunset, the bell resounds through the whole town. It is the direct data for people to learn about the history of the ancient town.
Zhu Family Garden, the so-called 'Grand View Garden' of South Yunnan Province, is a representative of Chinese residential houses of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). When walking through the garden, it really seems as if you are strolling through the Grand View Garden depicted in 'A Dream of the Red Mansions' (a famous Chinese Classical novel by Cao Xueqin (1724-1764) in the Qing Dynasty). This garden was the residence and ancestral temple of the rich man Zhu Weiqing and his brother in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). It was built in the year of the Emperor Guangxu (1871-1903), covering a land of more than 20,000 square meters (4.942 acres). Zhu Family Garden boasts 218 pavilions and towers with steep ridges, painted crossbeams and intricate painted ceilings, as well as 42 Tianjing (the space between houses and walls or two separate houses in one courtyard). Every building in the courtyards enjoys an elegant and unique name, such as Hanyu Tower, Lan (Orchid) Pavilion and Xufang Pavilion. The garden is a good place to explore the residential buildings of Qing Dynasty. Now, there are 28 rooms used as guest rooms, like Mei (Plume) House, Lan (Orchid) Yard, Zhu (Bamboo) Garden and Ju (Chrysanthemum) Garden letting visitors fully experience the life style of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). It is welcome among a lot of visitors from at home and abroad.
|Zhu Family Garden || |
|Inside Zhu Family Garden |
Double Dragon Bridge is located 5 kilometers (3.107 miles) west of Jianshui, at the confluence of Lushui River and Tacun River, which are like double winding dragons crossing the land. It is the biggest and has the most artistic value of the ancient bridges in Yunnan Province. This ancient bridge was built in the years of the Emperor Qianlong (1711-1799), and in the years of the Emperor Guangxu (1871-1908) it was rebuilt and added to by 14 holes, so that it became a 17-hole bridge. In total, the bridge is 153 meters (167 yards) long and 3 meters (3.28 yards) wide, paved with black marble. There are three exquisite and elegant lofts on the bridge. Among them, the middle one is the most majestic and splendid, called the 'Grand View Pavilion of South Yunnan'. Standing on the bridge you get beautiful views, both nearby and in the distance, including endless green fields, majestic blue mountains and clear water.
|Morning Market, Tuanshan Village |
As for the local handicrafts, the top one is the local purple pottery, which along with Yixing pottery in Jiangsu Province, Qinzhou pottery in Guangxi Province and Rongchang pottery in Sichuan Province composes the four renowned potteries of China. Jianshui purple
pottery is made out of natural quality five-color clay with a bright and smooth shape and exquisite techniques. It should be the top choice as a souvenir for visitors. Here you can also taste many local snacks and dishes. For example, Barbecued Tofu and Cross-Bridge Rice Noodles are welcome among the local people and visitors. Their good fame spreads to the whole nation. Since the taste is very good and the price is low, you just have to try them.
How to get to Jianshui Ancient Town
1. Train: From Kunming, you can take a high speed train to Jianshui. There are 18 trains running from Kunming to Jianshui every day. The trains depart from Kunming or Kunming South Railway Station, taking 1.5 to 3 hours for a single trip and costing 50 for second class seat. From Jianshui Railway Station, you can take bus line 919 to the ancient town in 30 minutes. A Taxi takes 20 minutes and costs CNY 20.
2. Bus: From 11:00 to 19:10, there are 5 buses running from Kunming South Coach Station to Jianshui. A single way takes 2.5 hours and costs CNY 81 per person. From the coach station, bus line 11, 15, 16, or 19 can take you to the ancient town in 20 minutes. A Taxi takes 10 minutes and costs CNY 8.
|Entrance Fee ||Free entry for the town. CNY50 for Zhu Family Garden, CNY30 for Confucius Temple, CNY20 for ascending Chaoyang Tower, CNY 50 for Tuanshan Village, CNY80 for Swallow Cave, CNY30 for National Examination Site; CNY 133 for a combo ticket including Confucius Temple, Zhu Family Garden, and Swallow Cave. |
|Opening Hours ||The town opens all day long. The scenic spots open from 8:00 or 9:00 to 18:00 or 20:00. |
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- Last updated on Jul. 18, 2022 -