History of China
|Emperor Throne |
in Forbidden City, Beijing
It is recorded that Yuanmou man is the oldest hominoid in China and the oldest dynasty is Xia Dynasty. From the long history of China, there emerge many eminent people that have contributed a lot to the development of the whole country and to the enrichment of her history. Among them, there are emperors like Li Shimin (emperor Taizong of the Tang), philosophers like Confucius, great patriotic poets like Qu Yuan and so on.
Chinese society has progressed through five major stages - Primitive Society, Slave Society, Feudal Society, Semi-feudal and Semi-colonial Society, and Socialist Society. The rise and fall of the great dynasties forms a thread that runs through Chinese history, almost from the beginning. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China on October 1st, 1949, China has become a socialist society and become stronger and stronger.
|Timeline of Chinese History (Click to enlarge)|
Chinese History Chronology
|Prehistoric Times||1.7 million years ago - the 21st century BC||recorded leaders include Yellow Emperor, Yao, Shun...||around the Yellow River and Yangtze River in central China|
|Xia||21st - 17th century BC||Yu the Great|| |
Anyi ( in Yuncheng, Shanxi); Yangcheng (in todays's Dengfeng, Zhengzhou, Henan); Yangdi (in todays's Yuzhou, Henan); Zhenxun (in Luoyang, Henan)
|Shang||17th century BC - 1046 BC||Tang||Bo (in Shangqiu, Henan); Yin (in Anyang, Henan)|
|Zhou||1046 - 256 BC|
|Western Zhou||1046 BC - 771 BC||King Wu (Ji Fa)||Fengjing and Haojing (in today's Xi'an, Shaanxi)|
|Eastern Zhou||770 - 256 BC||King Ping (Ji Yijiu)||Luoyi (today's Luoyang)|
|--- Spring and Autumn Period||770 - 476 BC|
|--- Warring States Period||475 - 221 BC|
|Qin||221 - 207 BC||Qin Shi Huang |
(Ying Zheng / Zhao Zheng)
|Xianyang (in today's Xianyang and Xi'an of Shaanxi)|
|Han||202 BC - 220 AD||Liu Bang|
|Western Han||202 BC - 9 AD||Liu Bang||Chang'an (today's Xi'an)|
|Xin Dynasty||9 - 23 AD||Wang Mang||Chang'an (today's Xi'an)|
|Eastern Han||25 - 220 AD||Liu Xiu||Luoyang|
|Three Kingdoms||220 - 280 AD|
|Kingdom of Wei||220 - 265 AD||Cao Pi||Luoyang|
|Kingdom of Shu||221 - 263 AD||Liu Bei||Chengdu|
|Kingdom of Wu||222 - 280 AD||Sun Quan||Jianye (today's Nanjing, Jiangsu)|
|Jin||265 - 420 AD||Sima Yan|
|Western Jin||265 - 316 AD||Sima Yan||Luoyang|
|Eastern Jin||317 - 420 AD||Sima Rui||Jiankang (Nanjing, Jiangsu)|
|Five Hus and Sixteen States||304 - 439 AD|
|Northern and Southern Dynasties||420 - 589 AD|
|Northern Dynasties||386 - 581 AD|
|--- Northern Wei||386 - 534||Tuoba Gui||Pingcheng (today's Datong, Shanxi); Luoyang|
|--- Eastern Wei||534 - 550||Yuan Shanjian (actually controlled by Gao Huan)||Yecheng (in Linzhang, Handan, Hebei)|
|--- Western Wei||535 - 557||Yuan Baoju (actually controlled by Yuwen Tai)||Chang'an (today's Xi'an)|
|--- Northern Qi||550 - 577||Gao Yang||Yecheng (in Linzhang, Handan, Hebei)|
|--- Northern Zhou||557 - 581||Yuwen Jue||Chang'an (today's Xi'an)|
|Southern Dynasties||420 - 589 AD|
|--- Song||420 - 479||Liu Yu||Jiankang (today's Nanjing)|
|--- Qi||479 - 502||Xiao Daocheng||Jiankang (Nanjing)|
|--- Liang||502 - 557||Xiao Yan||Jiankang (Nanjing)|
|--- Chen||557 - 589||Chen Baxian||Jiankang (Nanjing)|
|Sui||581 - 618 AD||Yang Jian||Daxing (in today's Xi'an, Shaanxi); Luoyang|
|Tang||618 - 907 AD||Li Yuan||Chang'an (today's Xi'an); Luoyang|
|Five Dynasties and Ten States||907 - 960 AD||Bianliang (Kaifeng, Henan); Luoyang|
|--- Later Liang||907 - 923 AD||Zhu Wen (Zhu Quanzhong / Zhu Huang)||Bianliang (Kaifeng)|
|--- Later Tang||923 - 936 AD||Li Cunxu||Luoyang|
|--- Later Jin||936 - 946 AD||Shi Jingtang||Bianliang (Kaifeng)|
|--- Later Han||947 - 950 AD||Liu Zhiyuan||Bianliang (Kaifeng)|
|--- Later Zhou||951 - 960 AD||Guo Wei||Bianliang (Kaifeng)|
|Ten States||902 - 979 AD|
|Song||960 - 1279 AD||Zhao Kuangyin|
|Northern Song||960 - 1127 AD||Zhao Kuangyin||Bianjing (Kaifeng)|
|Southern Song||1127 - 1279 AD||Zhao Gou||Lin'an (Hangzhou)|
|Liao||907 --- 1125 AD||Yelü Abaoji||Shangjing (Baarin Left Banner, Chifeng, Inner Mongolia)|
|Western Xia Dynasty||1038 - 1227 AD||Li Yuanhao||Xingqing (today's Yinchuan, Ningxia)|
|Jin||1115 - 1234 AD||Wan-yen A-ku-ta (Wanyan Aguda / Wanyan Min)||Huining (Harbin, Heilongjiang); Zhongdu (today's Beijing); Bianjing (Kaifeng)|
|Yuan||1271 - 1368 AD||Kublai Khan||Dadu (today's Beijing)|
|Ming||1368 - 1644 AD||Zhu Yuanzhang||Yingtian (today's Nanjing, Jiangsu); Shuntian (today's Beijing)|
|Qing||1644 - 1911 AD||Aisin Gioro Nurhachi / Hong Taiji / Fulin (Emeror Shunzhi)||Beijing|
- Last modified on Feb. 26, 2019 -
Questions & Answers on History of China
Asked by Someone from USA | Mar. 12, 2019 06:44Reply
What are my lucky numbers? BirthDate: April 10 2004
Answered by Amber from NETHERLANDS | Mar. 12, 2019 19:33
They are 1, 7, 8.
Asked by Shiloh from USA | Feb. 26, 2019 09:33Reply
My birth date is April 24, 2004.
May I inquire what my lucky numbers are?
Answered by Kevin from UNITED KINGDOM | Feb. 26, 2019 19:02
1, 7 and 8 are your suspicious numbers.
Asked by blah from UNITED STATES | Feb. 11, 2019 13:22Reply
my birthday is Feb. 15, 2006
what are my lucky numbers??
Answered by Jane from CANADA | Feb. 11, 2019 20:00
3, 4 and 9.
Asked by Keeley Hatfield from MICHIGAN | Jan. 14, 2019 09:34Reply
What is my lucky number for? My birthday is September 2 2006
Answered by Amy from NEW ZEALAND | Jan. 14, 2019 18:37
The numbers are 3, 4 and 9.
Answered by Prototype 0 from USA | Jan. 14, 2019 19:18
My birthday is May 19 2005, may I get mine?
Answered by Cindy from NEW ZEALAND | Jan. 14, 2019 20:00
Yes, yours are 5, 7, 8.
Asked by Hayden Atwood from UNITED STATES | Jan. 02, 2019 08:26Reply
Hi can I please know my lucky numbers?
I’m born 2005 June 30
Answered by Bill from FRANCE | Jan. 03, 2019 01:13
They are 5, 7 and 8.