Lushun (Port Arthur)

Also known as 'Port Arthur', Lushun occupies the west end of Dalian City and the south edge of the Liaodong Peninsula, surrounded by sea on three sides. In this advantaged geographical position, it is a beautiful tourist city zone with a long history.

From the time of the Eastern Jin Dynasty (317-420), it was of strategic military importance and up until the Liao Dynasty (916-1125), it was known as Shizikou (Lion Port). It was during the Ming Dynasty that it was given its present name 'Lushun', which expresses a wish for 'plain sailing and a favorable voyage.' In 1894 during the Sino-Japanese War the Japanese army captured Lushun and massacred many of its people. The area suffered again in 1904 when it became a major battlefield during the Russo-Japanese War. Lushan then endured Japanese rule for more than 40 years following the surrender of the Russian forces. It was not until the Soviet Union disarmed them in 1945, that Lushun was returned to motherland once more. Through half a century, it came to earn recognition as an 'open air museum of historical and cultural scenery'.

Rich in natural resources as well as its historical heritage, Lushun has become a National Key Scenic Spot, National Nature Protection Area, and National Forest Park by virtue of its now famous attractions. These fall into two categories namely, the natural scenery and historical sites relating to the Sino-Japanese War in 1894-1895.
 

Garden of Lions and Tigers

Covering an area of more than 300,000 square meters (360,000 square yards), it has three separate sections: the garden of tigers, of lions and of bears. The animals roam freely in their respective surroundings so that visitors, from the safety of their cars, can get quite close to them and enjoy a harmonious and breath-taking experience.
 

Island of Snakes

This is a small island covering less than 2 square kilometers (0.77 square miles), off the northwest coast of Lushun, and is the home to over 1,5000 snakes. Exotic rocks, luxuriant forests and plants provide their natural environment, where they prey on migratory birds for food. In Lushun, there is a snake museum which in addition to exhibits is home to relevant research. This is the prime Snake Eco-museum in Asia, and its hundreds of viper specimens ensure plenty of excitement for visitors. Also, the Snake-Island Natural History Museum is also well worth seeing.
 

Bird Station

Opposite the Island of Snakes stands a volcano called 'Laotie Hill', which is a stopping off spot for millions of migratory birds that come there each spring and autumn. It is possible to see more than 200 species of birds preparing for flight to and from warm lands in the south depending upon the time of year. On the sea ward side of the hill there are steep towering crags. Stepping on the Century-Year Beacon, you can look over the boundary between the Bohai Sea and Yellow Sea, where the water is half yellow and half blue. Near the hill, there are important Neolithic sites.
 

Russo-Japanese War Site on East Crest Hill

East Crest Hill (Jiguan Hill) was a battlefield during Russo-Japanese War in 1904. It was here that the Russian army established a strong fortress after Lushun became a territory leased to Russia 1898. As the main feature on the hill, it houses the Cultural Relic Protection Unit as well as being the patriotism education base in Dalian. A museum was built in 1997 to display historical materials of the war.
 

Lushun Museum

Originally built in 1917, the world-class museum covers an area of 25,000 square meters (29,900 square yards) and is of a stately, elegant European style. Over 100,000 cultural relics are displayed in two themes: historical cultural relics and local cultural relics. Among them, there are bronzes, ancient coins, paintings and calligraphies, mummies, and some foreign relics.
 

White Jade Hill

A 130-meter-high (427-foot-high) hill standing in the center of Lushun Region is the central scenic spot. The name 'white jade' was given by Li Hongzhang, an influential official of Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). Ascending the hill and knowing the opposite one was called Gold Hill, he said gold should be associated with white jade. Thus the name it was changed to the present one. Using forced Chinese labor, the Japanese raised a tower on the crest of the hill to commemorate Japanese soldiers who died in the war. The tower has a height of 66.8 meters (219 feet) has become the evidence of their historical crime. The Park of White Jade Hill includes the Naval Weapon Museum, Bird Garden and Rock Museum.
 

World Peace Park

This seashore park was completed in 2002 with a theme of psalms by world heads of states. In 1998, they each wrote a poem in their mother tongue praying for world peace. These people included the past Chinese President Jiang Zemin and American President Clinton. The bronze statues of 96 heads of state and their poems are carved as the major feature. There are also artworks and fine stamps with the theme of peace presented by world countries.
 

Cemetery of Soviet Martyrs

With an area of 48,000 square meters (57,409.4 square yards), the cemetery ranks as the largest for a foreign nation in China. Here lie buried Soviet martyrs who fell during the war of Liberation of Northeast of China and the War against US Aggression in support of Korea, as well as those died in the Lushun garrison in 1945-1955. The cemetery is in the Soviet style of construction.
 

Memorial of Myriad Loyalists

This memorial was set up to commemorate the Chinese people who died in the Sino-Japanese War of 1894. Upon their invasion of Lushun and for four whole days Japanese forces slaughtered nearly 20,000 unarmed common people of the city! Only 36 persons remained alive. To hide all evidence of their guilt, the Japanese ordered local peasants to collect the bodies for cremation. The ashes of the victims were buried at the eastern foot of White Jade Hill. In 1896, after the Japanese retreat, corps of the Qing Dynasty built the Stele of Myriad Loyalists. It is listed as one of the National Patriotism Education Demonstration Bases.
 

Jungang Park

The east part of the port has been opened as Jungang Park. In the park, visitors can enjoy the bronze lion statue and the natural beauty. If lucky, they may see the navy ships when wandering around.
 

Tips

As an important military port in China, Lushun is not completely open to foreign visitors. Foreign visitors are required to obtain special permission from the local Police Bureau for entry in advance of their visit, otherwise they will be refused.
 

How to get to Lushun

1. Take Bus Lushunkou 203 or 206 to Shihuyuan (Garden of Lions and Tigers).
2. Take Lushun Round Bus to Lushun Bowuguan (Lushun Museum).
3. Take Bus Lushun 18, or 212 to Shijie Heping Gongyuan (World Peace Park).

4. Take Bus Lushun 6, 12, 14, 17, 19, Lushunkou 5, 6 or 18 to Lushun Huochezhan (Lushun Railway Station).
 

Entrance Fee Opening Hours
Garden of Lions and Tigers CNY 55 8:00 - 17:00
Lushun Museum Free 9:00 - 16:30, closed on Monday.
White Jude Hill Free All day
Island of Snakes CNY 120 (including the round-way boat tickets) Jan. - Mar & Jul. - Sep.
Russo-Japanese War Site Free 8:00 - 17:00
World Peace Park Free All day
Cemetery of Soviet Martyrs Free 8:00 - 16:30
Memorial of Myriad Loyalists Free Mar. - Oct.: 8:40 - 16:30
Nov. - Feb.: 9:00 - 16:00
Closed on Tuesdays except public holidays.
Jungang Park CNY 5 6:00 - 16:30
- Last modified on Jul. 31, 2018 -
Questions & Answers on Lushun (Port Arthur)
Asked by Linda from NEW ZEALAND | Aug. 29, 2016 03:04Reply
Public transport from Dalian to Lushun (Port Arthur). Is there a train?
What bus could I catch please?
Answers (2)
Answered by Linda | Aug. 29, 2016 04:03
00Reply


I‘m afraid the train service is unavailable, so bus is recommended. Take an express bus at the North Square of local Main Railway Station to Lvshun in an hour first. Transfer to city bus no. 18 and get off at Development Zone Administrative Committee, which is within walking distance to the port.
Answered by Allan from CANADA | Jul. 25, 2018 00:36
00Reply


There is actually a convenient subway from Dalian . Google maps is very outdated for most of China outside of Beijing and Shanghai, it missed 4 subway lines. Dalian and Lushun has developed so much more.

As of July 2018.
Asked by Lisa from CHINA | Aug. 08, 2016 22:47Reply
Former Japanese / Russian Prison Site
Where is it located exactly (street?) and what is the proper name for this museum? Is there a map of Lushen that I can access with all the sites listed?
Answers (1)
Answered by Mary from USA | Aug. 09, 2016 01:09
20Reply


The address is No. 139, Xiangyang Street. The name is Japanese and Russian Prison Site Museum. You can probably get a map at News Stands there. :)
Asked by Charles Ritz from JAPAN | Jun. 15, 2016 08:01Reply
I'm an American traveling with a Japanese. Are only Americans required permission to visit Lushun?
By 'local police' do you mean police in Dailian? How long does it take to get permission?
Answers (2)
Answered by Edward from UNITED KINGDOM | Jun. 16, 2016 19:57
00Reply


As I know, no permission is required to visit the city nowadays, so you can visit the attractions mentioned on the webpage. But the military harbour is not open to tourists. :)
Answered by Allan from CANADA | Jul. 25, 2018 00:37
00Reply


The cannon ports/platforms may also be closed to foreigners.
Asked by madam Wong from MALAYSIA | May. 09, 2014 09:26Reply
I am a Malaysian . Do I need a permit to visit Lushun ? Is it from the PSB Dalian ? What is the address ?
Please give the public bus numbers and the bus stop name for going to PSB .
Thank you ,

Madam Wong
Answers (3)
Answered by Nancy from INDIA | May. 10, 2014 01:23
01Reply


As I know, except Chinese visa, no special permit is needed to travel there.
Answered by suu from INDIA | Jun. 01, 2015 07:35
00Reply


I had chinese visa for 2 years. .....do I still need special permission for visiting
Answered by Edgar | Jun. 10, 2015 20:14
00Reply


No a special permission is needed. China visa is enough for sightseeing there.
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