Yungang Grottoes

Yungang Grottoes, Datong
Yungang Grottoes Pictures
Yungang Grottoes, one of the three major cave clusters in China, punctuate the north cliff of Wuzhou Mountain, Datong. The area was excavated along the mountain, extending 1 km (0.62 miles) from east to west, revealing 53 caves and over 51,000 stone statues.

The grottoes are divided into east, middle, and west parts. Pagodas dominate the eastern parts; west caves are small and mid-sized with niches. Caves in the middle are made up of front and back chambers with Buddha statues in the center. Embossing covers walls and ceilings.

Started in 450, the grottoes is a relic of the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534). Absorbing Indian Gandhara Buddhist art, the sculptures here developed traditional Chinese art melded with social features of the time.

During the reign of Emperor Xiao Wen a monk named Tanyao took charge of the construction of Yungang Grottoes. The largest cave is No.6, which is 20 meters (65.6 foot) high, standing a 15-meter (49.2-foot)-high pagoda-like column decorated with Buddha statues and designs. On the four sides of the tower pillar, and on the east, south and west walls of the cave, 33 embossed panels depict the story of Saykamuni.
Yungang Grottoes, Datong Yungang Grottoes, Datong
Caves worth special attention are No.16, 17, 18, 19, and 20. Upon Tan Yao's suggestion, five statues of Emperors Taizu, Taizong, Shizu, Gaozong, and Gaozu as Buddha express the religious theme that the Emperor is Buddha. Caves housing these statues are known as the Five Tan Yao Caves, similar in style but not identical. The statue in Cave 20 is martial and stately, No.19 handsome and elegant, while No.18 is dignified but lively. Their similarity lies in their thick lips, big noses, slanted eyes and broad shoulders depicting the ethnic culture of the time.

Yungang Grottoes graphically tell the story of past glory.
Yungang Grottoes, Datong Yungang Grottoes, Datong
Admission Fee: April - October: CNY 120
November - March: CNY 100
Free for children under 1.2m (3.9ft).
Opening Hours: April - October: 8:30 - 17:30
November - March: 8:30 - 17:00
The exhibition hall: 9:30 - 16:30
Recommended
Time for a Visit:
Two hours
Bus Route: Take bus No. 4 at Datong Railway Station and get off at Xin Kai Li. Then transfer to bus No. 3-1 to Yungang Grottoes. 
There are other bus routes but it is advisable to take taxi or hire a van from downtown Datong to the Grottoes directly. The cost should be about CNY50.
- Last modified on Oct. 10, 2018 -
Questions & Answers on Yungang Grottoes
Asked by Inka from GERMANY | Oct. 03, 2018 05:33Reply
Do you happen to know if it is possible to store luggage at the Yungang grottoes?
If not: we will be arriving at the airport in the morning and leave via night train. Where would you recommend that we store our luggage? Thank you for your answer in advance.
Answers (1)
Answered by Rena from USA | Oct. 10, 2018 00:30
00Reply


Yes, there is free checkroom in the scenic area and you can find it on the north to the first floor of the tourists service center.
Asked by Monika from POLAND | Jul. 23, 2018 03:40Reply
Hi! We will arrive at Datong Airport at 8am.
And I would like to hire a car to the hanging monastery and grottoes and be back in the train station by 3.30pm - is it doable? And also, is it possible to hire a car at the airport or it will be more expensive than f eg looking for a car by the train station..?
Answers (2)
Answered by Hailie from USA | Jul. 23, 2018 19:29
00Reply


Yes, it is available. You can bargain with the driver and the fare is about CNY 350.
Answered by Monika from POLAND | Jul. 24, 2018 00:51
00Reply


Thanks!
Asked by shanna from USA | Jul. 16, 2018 13:37Reply
How much would it cost if you hire a cab for Yungang Grottoes and Hanging Monastry?
How long would it take and how much it would be?
I'll be staying at Garden Hotel.
Answers (3)
Answered by Claire from GREECE | Jul. 16, 2018 19:41
00Reply


The fare is about CNY 400 and the one way journey takes about 3 hours.
Answered by shanna from USA | Jul. 22, 2018 10:06
00Reply


Thank you Claira!
400 yuan for both location?
Not one way only?
Answered by Claire | Jul. 22, 2018 18:41
00Reply


Yes, for both locations.
Asked by Mr.MMORELLI from AR | May. 26, 2018 17:44Reply
Hello. Taking bus 4 and then 3-1, how long does it takes to get to Yungang Grottoes?
Answers (6)
Answered by Oscar from USA | May. 30, 2018 20:18
00Reply


Hey. I need to know where you start.
Answered by Mr.MMORELLI from AR | May. 31, 2018 08:12
00Reply


hello. from de Datong train station
Answered by Oscar from USA | May. 31, 2018 20:42
00Reply


Hey, the special tourism line 603 can take you from the station directly to your destination and it takes about 1 hour.
Answered by Petr from CZECH REPUBLIC | Jul. 03, 2018 23:35
00Reply


There is bus No. 603 very close to the train station,right across the mall. Takes 40-50 min to Yungang and cost 3 yuan one way.
Answered by Tess from UNITED KINGDOM | Jul. 17, 2018 00:24
00Reply


Hi! When does his bus leave daily? Is it regular?
Answered by Oscar from USA | Jul. 17, 2018 18:32
00Reply


Yes, it departs from 07:00 to 18:00 with an interval about 10 minutes.
Asked by Kitu from CHINA | Apr. 12, 2018 07:14Reply
Can one do a day trip by car from Beijing to Yungang Grottoes?
Also between Shanhaiguan and this - which is a better option ?
Answers (1)
Answered by Selina from ITALY | Apr. 15, 2018 20:45
10Reply


No, it’s not doable. As I know, to the grottoes, it takes at least 5h from Beijing by car and 19h from Shanghai. So 2 days is needed for the trip!
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