Shanxi Travel Guide
Chinese Name: 山西 (shān xī)
Area: 156,700 square kilometers (60,502 square miles)
Location: in the north of China
Administrative Division: 11 cities (Taiyuan, Datong, Shuozhou, Xinzhou, Yangquan, Luliang, Changzhi, Jincheng, Linfen, Yuncheng); 26 districts; 11 county-level cities; 80 counties
GDP (2019): CNY 1,702.668 billion (USD 246.799 billion)
Rich in Mineral Resources & Ancient Buildings
Shanxi Province got its name due to its location to the west of Taihang Mountain. It neighbors Hebei, Henan, Shaanxi and Inner Mongolia. It is located to the east of the Yellow River. The area belonged to Jin State in the Spring and Autumn Period (770 - 476 BC), so it is abbreviated in Jin. Shanxi is a major resource development and utilization province. The reserves of 32 mineral resources such as coal, coalbed methane, and bauxite rank among the top ten in the country. Among them, coal reserves account for 17.3% of China’s total reserves.
In terms of tourism, Shanxi boasts a great number of historical relics and beautiful natural landscapes formed by mountains and waterfalls. Shanxi's existing ancient buildings rank first in the country including temples, ancestral halls, ancient cities, Taoist temples, Shanxi traditional residential courtyards. The majestic Yungang Grottoes which is one of the three largest Buddhist grottos in China and Pingyao Ancient City are most unmissable. And the most popular natural attractions include Taoist shrine Mt. Hengshan and Hukou Waterfalls, Chinese second-largest waterfall.
When to Go
Being at a high altitude, Shanxi Province has a cold and dry climate and has an annual rainfall of between 400-600 millimeters. The province is also frequently plagued by sandstorms, especially in the spring, so it is often useful to bring along both sunglasses and a hat when visiting. Generally speaking, the province's climate is the best between May and October.
Cities in Shanxi
Shanxi is one of the birth places of Chinese civilizations with a long history and traditional culture. As early as one hundred million years ago, the ancestors of the Chinese lived and propagated in this region. Legend tells us that the Yellow Emperor, founder of the Chinese nation, once lived here for a certain period. Today, many Neolithic sites from that period can still be seen dotted across the vast expanse of the province.
What to See
Shanxi is endowed with an abundance of cultural sites from its long history. Most of the ancient structures were built before the Liao and Song Dynasties. So it is the reason why the place is often called the 'Chinese Ancient Architecture Museum'. The more obvious of these include: the Buddhist wonder of the Yungang Grottoes in Datong City, the Ancient City of Pingyao which was listed as a World Cultural Heritage site by UNESCO in 1997, the oldest and tallest ancient wooden pagoda in China, the Wooden Pagoda of Yingxian County, the remote Shuanglin Temple and Jinci Temple, and a rare multi-functional fortress Zhangbi Ancient Fortress, which are well worth the long journeys for the visitors.
Of course, there are a number of natural magnificent and beautiful places that can also be seen in Shanxi. The most famous of them include Mount Wutai with the longest and most prestigious history in the four most well-known Buddhist holy lands of China, the whistling rage of the Yellow River's Kettle Spout waterfalls (Hukou Waterfalls) and one of the Five Sacred Mountains in China - Mt. Hengshan.