Ancient City of Pingyao
|Pingyao Ancient City Map (Click to enlarge)|
The past prosperity of Shanxi lies in Pingyao, while the soul of Pingyao lies in its Old City. Founded during the Western Zhou Dynasty (1046 – 771 BC) and rebuilt in 1370, the Ancient City of Pingyao is nowadays one of China's four best preserved old cities together with Lijiang Old Town, Huizhou Ancient City and Langzhong Ancient City. It has no charming landscape, green mountain or clear waters. What is unique there, is the well-preserved ancient city with a grand City Wall, traditional residences, former security guard companies, time-honored shops, and even the previous government office. In 1997, it was inscribed as a world cultural heritage.
The Ancient City of Pingyao is also called 'Turtle City' because of its turtle-like city wall. There are six gates along the wall. Four of them are symmetrically set on the east and west sides, looking like the four legs of the turtle. The Southern Gate and Northern Gate resemble the head and tail respectively. Looking down from the top, it is exactly like a giant turtle with the crisscrossing lanes forming the patterns on its shell.
Ancient Ming-Qing Street (South Street)
If you want to have a glimpse of the past prosperity of the Pingyao Ancient City, you should not miss the Ancient Ming-Qing Street. Serving as the central axis, it has been the busiest commercial block of the city for hundreds of years. This 450-yard-long street gathers around 80 antique stores, including exchange shops, pawnshops, security guard companies, and other handicraft workshops. Walking along the Ming-Qing Street must feel like being back in the crowded bazaar in the old days. Not only can you view quaint buildings, but also buy specialties, snacks, and souvenirs there.
The nearly 200-year-old Rishengchang Exchange Shop, located near the center of the Ancient City, is the first 'bank' in China's history and is known as the 'Father of the Bank in China'. It once controlled the lifeblood of the nation's economy in the Qing Dynasty (1644 – 1911), with more than 30 branches throughout the country. It is now an Exchange Shop Museum, displaying historical items and local architecture style. There you can know the development of China's banks and Jin Merchants, a renowned business group in Shanxi Province.
Ancient Security Guard Company
The Ancient Security Guard Company can be seen as an earlier delivery agency, but it only conveyed silver, gold, and other valuable items for exchange shops and rich men. Brimming with a lot of security guard companies is another highlight of the old city. You may drop by the most famous one near the northern end of the Ancient Ming-Qing Street. Here you can have a better understanding of this organization by viewing the distinctive carriages, cases, and other delivery tools. There is also a special training court for security guards to practice martial skills. With various weapons as the backdrop, why not pose in a Kung Fu movement and take a picture there?
The well-preserved Ancient Government Office to the west of the Ancient Ming-Qing Street is the largest one in China with an area of 31,000 square yards (25,920 square meters). 149 magistrates in the Ming and Qing Dynasties (1368 - 1911) worked and lived there successively. The core area of the site is the solemn law court. If you are lucky enough, you may see a performance of an old trial at the law court. Deep in the building is the prison. The low-light environment there may make it feel creepy. You may even find shabby bedding and prisoners' uniforms, as well as rusty torture equipment there.
Located to the east of the Ancient Ming-Qing Street, the Temple of City God is a sacred place for people to pay homage to the City God, God of Wealth, and Kitchen God. Eminent officers and ordinary people who made great contributions to local people are also worshipped here. With an area of 8,800 square yards (7,340 square meters), this traditional temple has many exquisite pavilions and towers. The colored glaze decorations of the Ming and Qing Dynasties are still shining under the sun, making this place even grander.
Temple of Confucius
This is a place where people show their respect to Confucius, a renowned educator who founded Confucianism. With an area of 10,000 square yards (8,361 square meters), it is the best preserved Confucius Temple in China. This temple was also a state-run academy in the olden days. At that time, the dream of most scholars was to serve as an official. Taking the imperial examination was the only way for them to gain the title. There is an exhibition in the fifth court of the temple, introducing the development and procedure of the old examination.
How to get to the Ancient City of Pingyao
Taiyuan is about 60 miles (97 kilometers) from the ancient city and you can take coaches or trains to get there. With the opening up of the Datong-Pingyao-Xian High Speed Railway, a quick transfer from Beijing and Xian is also possible.
Take a bus from Jiannan Bus Station to Pingyao. Duration is about 2 hours. Get out of the station and walk west along East Zhongdu Street. Turn left at the first corner of Beiguan Road. Then walk south to the North Gate of the city.
Take a bullet train at Taiyuan South Railway Station to Pingyao Ancient Town Railway Station. The train ride only takes around 40 minutes. Upon arrival, take bus no. 108 and get off at Ancient Town North Gate Station. You will see the north gate of the city.
From Beijing or Xian:
Take a high speed train from Beijing West Railway Station or Xian North Railway Station to Pingyao Ancient Town Railway Station. Upon arrival, follow the above instruction to the city.
Click to check the real-time China Train Schedule
|Admission Fee||Combo Ticket: CNY 130|
|Opening Hours||Old City: All Day|
|Spots inside the city||March to November: 8:00 – 18:30|
|December to next February: 8:00 – 17:30|
1. If you just wander around inside the city and don't enter the scenic spots, a ticket is not required.
2. The combo ticket is valid for three days, but visitors are allowed to visit each attraction only once during the ticket validity.
3. Attractions covered by the combo ticket:
Ancient City Wall, Ancient Government Office, Temple of the City God, Ancient Ming-Qing Street, Temple of Confucius, China Rare Newspaper Museum, Pingyao Ancient Residence Museum, Ancient Security Guard Company Museum, Rishengchang Exchange Shop, Baichuantong Exchange Shop, Xietongqing Exchange Shop, Weishengchang Exchange Shop, Qingxu Taoist Temple, Military Arts House, Tianjixiang Museum, No. 1 Ancient Security Guard Company in North China, Former Residence of Lei Lvtai, Museum of Chinese Chamber of Commerce, Tongxinggong Ancient Security Guard Company
Outside the Old City, there are two temples worth visiting. One is Shuanglin Temple, which is about four miles (six kilometers) southwest of the city. It is famous for the over 2,000 vivid colored sculptures created during the Yuan, Ming, and Qing Dynasties (1271 – 1911). The other is Zhenguo Temple, with a history of over one thousand years, located 7.5 miles (12 kilometers) northeast of the city.
Traditional Residences Nearby
Around the ancient city also cluster many famous old style residences. About 25 miles (40 kilometers) to the north lies the famous Qiao Family Compound, which boasts a unique layout and various delicate carvings. Another one is Wang's Compound, which is about 22 miles (35 kilometers) to the southeast. It is regarded as a Chinese architectural museum for its abundant artistic works, such as various elaborate sculptures.
Other residences, such as Cao's Compound, Chang's Compound, and Qu's Compound, are all not very far away and worth visiting.
In addition to the ancient residences, Mt. Mianshan is the only mountain close by the ancient city, boasting beautiful natural scenery and abundant Buddhist and Taoist temples.