Zhangbi Ancient Fortress
Zhangbi Ancient Fortress, a rare, 1,600-year-old ancient multi-functional fortress that was used for military defense, housing, production, and worship, is located in Jiexiu city, Shanxi province, around 140 kilometers (87 miles) southwest of Taiyuan and 40 kilometers (25 miles) southwest of Pingyao Ancient Town. With an area of only 120,000 square meters (143,000 square yards), Zhangbi Ancient Fortress is also called a miniature castle.The entire fortress was constructed based on Chinese astrology.
The area also contains ancient cultural sites of the Xia (21st - 17th century BC) and Shang (17th century BC - 1046 BC) dynasties , tunnels of the Northern Dynasties (386 - 581 AD), tombs of the Jin Dynasty (1115 - 1234 AD), opera stages of the Yuan Dynasty (1271 – 1368 AD) and dwellings of the Ming (1368 – 1644 AD) and Qing (1644 – 1911 AD) dynasties.
China’s No. 1 Astrology Village
The construction of Zhangbi Ancient Fortress follows the traditional Chinese astrology and geomancy theories. The layout of the constructionabove ground corresponds to the Kui Constellation in the sky from Chinese mythology. Therefore, Zhangbi Ancient Fortress is also known as “China’s No. 1 Astrology Village”.
A Military Fortress with Plenty of Underground Tunnels
Zhangbi Ancient Fortress, 1,020 meters (3,346 feet) above sea level, is surrounded by gullies on three sides, and a mountain on the fourth side. It has 10-meter (33 feet) tall walls on the outside, making it easy to defend but hard to attack. In addition, the ancient fortress is full of underground tunnels, like cobwebs, extending in all directions and cleverly connectedto the buildings above ground. The tunnels, about 2 meters (2 yards) high and 1.5 meters (1.6 yards) wide, have been explored for about 1,500 meters (1,640 yards).There are still 8,500 meters (9,300 yards) to be explored, for a total length of about 10,000 meters (11,000 yards). There are mangers, granaries andslaughterhouses as well as dozens of covert entrances hidden above ground or under the foundations of folk dwellings.Villagers could easily reach the tunnels quickly for protection when enemies invaded. The tunnels could accommodate 30,000 people and you can visit the tunnels and experience the wisdom of the ancients here.
A Religious Fortress Featuring a Blend of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism
Many religious relics of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism have been found in this area. They are mainly distributed around the northern and southern gates of Zhangbi Ancient Fortress.
Kong Wang Memorial Temple is a memorial temple used to worship Kong Wang, the first of the Han people to achieve enlightenment through Buddhism. In Kong Wang Memorial Temple, there is a statue of Kong Wang Buddha and many murals which tell how Kong Wang became a Buddha. In addition, there are two rare colored glaze steles in front of the temple.
Zhen Wu Temple is a Taoist temple mainly used to worship Zhen Wu, a deity of the north who watches over water and soldiers.
There is also the Songzi Avalokitesvara Palace where people pray for the good fortune of their children, the Kuixing Building where people offer prayers for good grades in school, the Guanyu Temple where people pray for security and the Caishen Temple where people pray for wealth.
How to Get to Zhangbi Ancient Fortress
1. Take a high-speed train to Jiexiu East Railway Station first. The trains are available in Pingyao, Taiyuan, Xi'an, Beijing and many other nearby cities.
|Travel time from:||Pingyao||10 minutes|
See detailed China Train Schedule
2. After arrival, take bus line 223 and get off at Traffic Police First Squadron Station. Then take bus line 310 and get off at Longfeng Town Zhangbi Road Station.
|Admission Fee|| |
April - October: CNY 60
November - March: CNY 50
April - October: 08:00 - 18:00
November - March: 08:00 - 17:00.
- Last modified on Sep. 25, 2018 -