Hanzhong Travel Guide

Hanzhong Travel Guide

Hanzhong Facts

Hanzhong MapChinese Name: 汉中 (hàn zhōng)
Population: 3,437,000
Area: 27,246 square kilometers (10,520 square miles)
Location: in the southwest of Shaanxi Province, northwest China
Administrative Division: 2 districts (Hantai, Nanzheng); 9 counties (Chenggu, Yangxian, Xixiang, Mianxian, Ningqiang, Lueyang, Zhenba, Liuba, Foping)
Area Code: 0916
Zip Code: 723000
GDP (2019): CNY 154.759 billion (USD 22.432 billion)

Featuring Historical Sites and Rapeseed Flower Sea

Located in the southwest of Shaanxi Province, the city lies to the south of the Qinling Mountains, to the north of the Daba Mountains with the Hanzhong Basin in the center. It is bounded on the southwest by Gansu and Sichuan provinces, and adjacent to Xi'an in the northeast. Known as a famous historical and cultural city in China, Hanzhong has witnessed more than 4,000 years of history. Many historical sites of the Han Dynasty (202 BC – 220) and the Three Kingdoms (220 - 280) are preserved, such as the palace of Liu Bang, the first emperor of the Han Dynasty, which is now transformed into the Hanzhong Museum and the Wuhou Temple for commemorating the famous strategists of the Three Kingdoms period, Zhuge Liang.

Hanzhong is also rich in plants especially medicinal herbs and animal resources due to high forest coverage. Giant pandas, golden monkeys, Crested Ibis and antelopes are extremely rare animals living in Hanzhong. Another highlight of Hanzhong travel is a large scale of rapeseed flowers. In March and April, the golden rapeseed flowers are blooming all over the mountains and plains. The best shooting and viewing places are Nanzheng, Mianxian and Yangxian counties which have the most spectacular and concentrated rapeseed flower fields. 

Hanzhong Attractions - Things to Do

Shimen Plank Road Scenic Area is a famous attraction in the northeast suburb of the city. It is famous for Shimen Plank Road, Shimen Tunnel which was the first man-made tunnel in the world, and for Shimen Dam from where you can enjoy the gripping panorama of Baohe River and the riverside natural sceneries.

Ancient Plank Road, Hanzhong
Shimen Plank Road
Ancient Plank Road, Hangzhong
Shimen Tunnel

Hanzhong Museum (Ancient Hantai)

Located in the city center, Ancient Hantai was originally the royal residence of Liu Bang - the first emperor of the Han Dynasty. Currently, it is the site of the Hanzhong Museum, housing about 12,000 cultural relics. The Thirteen Moya Carvings of Stone Gate and the Baoxie Plank Road are the most famous exhibitions in the museum.
Hanzhong Museum, Shaanxi
Ancient Hantai
Wangjiang Tower, Hangzhong Museum
Wangjiang Tower, Hangzhong Museum

Wuhou Temple (Memorial Temple of Marquis Wu)

Hanzhong Wuhou Temple
Wuhou Temple
Located in the west of Mianxian County, about 45 km (28 miles) from downtown area, the Wuhou Temple (Temple of Marquis Wu) was built in 236 to memoraliize Zhuge Liang - the most intelligent and successful strategist of the Three Kingdoms Period (220 - 280). It is said to be the first of its kind in the entire country, even 50 years earlier than the Wu Hou Shrine in Chengdu.

Located in Raojiaying Village, Chenggu County, the tomb is the final resting place of Zhang Qian (164-114 BC) - an outstanding diplomat and explorer during the Western Han Dynasty (202BC-9 AD), and the pioneer of the world-famous Silk Road. The tomb is 30 kilometers (19 miles) east of central downtown.

About 158 kilometers (100 miles ) northeast of the city, Foping National Nature Reserve is also the home to cute pandas and other rare animals and plants. In addition to the black-white pandas we see, the brown giant panda was also once found here. Because of the complex ecosystem which has cultivated various kinds of animals and plants, this reserve is described as the “Natural Animal and Plant Gene Base.”

About 200 km (124 mi) from city center, Qingmuchan Ancient Town used to be a vital trading and military post in ancient China and now has become a famous attraction site for its well-preserved traditional blocks, old buildings, temples and ancestral halls. Huilongchang Old Street, Qingmuchuan Furen Middle School, and Weifutang’s Residence are the must-see sites here.

Crested Ibis Nature Reserve

Located in northern Yangxian County, this national nature reserve was established to protect a rare bird, crested ibis from extinction. The reserve has the only rescue and care center for the crested ibis in China. The number of birds has increased from the initial seven ones in the wild to five hundred. 

Crested Ibis Nature Reserve
Crested Ibis Nature Reserve
Crested Ibis
Crested Ibis

Tour Planning

Hanzhong Culture Appreciation: to visit Ancient Hantai, Baoxie Plank Road, Wuhou Memorial Temple.
Popular Hiking Routes around Hanzhong 

How to Get to Hanzhong

Hanzhong Chenggu Airport is 17 kilometers (11 miles) southwest of the city proper,  operating flights from to/from Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Hangzhou, Xiamen, Nanjing, Urumqi, Qingdao, Kunming, Lanzhou, Yinchuan, Nantong, Foshan... A new airport will be built in Mianxian County in the near future. There are also two trains (one from Xi'an Railway Station and the other from Xi'an South Railway Station) to Hanzhong Railway Station in the city, which takes 7-8 hours. Most people go there by bus through Expressway, which is cheap and fast. The express bus can be found both in Xi'an Chengnan (South) Coach Station and Chengxi (West) Coach Station. The journey is 3.5 hours.

Thanks for the completion of Xi-Han Expressway, the distance between the two cities is halved, only about three hours needed. Buses to city proper can be found in Xi'an West Bus Station in No.92, Zaoyuan Road (East). Visitors can get buses to the districts and counties from the Xi'an South Bus Station (Mingdemen Bus Station) in Zhuque Dajie. Terminal in the other end is the Hanzhong Express Bus Station in Xinqiao Shizi (Intersection).

 See more Xi'an - Hanzhong Train 



Situated in the transition area between warm temperate zone and subtropical zone, the area has moderate and humid weather without torrid a summer. The winter wind current coming form North China is blocked by the Qinling Mountains, so winter is relatively warmer. The rainy season of Hanzhong weather usually appears during June and lasts until September. Any season is a good season to visit the city. 

Hanzhong Travel Tips

 History: The city gained its name from the Han River. As early as 2,400 years ago, a shire was established by the Qin Kingdom during the Warring States Period (476BC-221BC). It is the birthplace of the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD).

 Physical Features: The region is sandwiched between the Qinling Mountains and Daba Mountains, at the upper reaches of the Han River. The river flows through the city, shaping the Hanzhong Basin in the heart of the city. Mountainous and hilly areas make up the main topography.
 Special Local Products: Xiecun yellow wine and color rice of Yangxian County, Mingmei green tea of Mianxian County
- Last updated on Feb. 28, 2023 by Brenda Lian -
Questions & Answers on Hanzhong Travel
Asked by Baihe from CANADA | Mar. 08, 2015 09:13Reply
Ankang to Hanzhong
Ni Hao, is there an express bus between Ankang and HZ?
Answers (1)
Answered by Juana | Mar. 09, 2015 02:11

Yes, buses for this trip are scheduled from 09:30 to 18:50 every an hour. It takes around 2h and 40min.
Asked by Judith from GERMANY | Oct. 05, 2013 04:31Reply
Is there any tour from Xi'an to the Panda Foping Nature Reserve? Or another possibility to go there?
Answers (1)
Answered by Laura | Oct. 06, 2013 04:39

I do not think it is easy for you to find the tour to reach that nature reserve, so I suggest you to reach there on your own.
To reach there from Xi'an, you need to go to the Xi'an South Bus Station where you can find the direct bus to Foping. Upon reaching Foping, you can hire a local car to reach that reserve.
Asked by Ms. Cindy from USA | Oct. 03, 2013 16:05Reply
is the long distance or express buses to Hanzhong equiped with toilet?
Answers (1)
Answered by Potter from THAILAND | Oct. 04, 2013 01:31

For the express bus to HZ, what departure place do you refer to, Xi'an?
If you mean the departure place is Xi'an, there is no toilet on the bus and the express bus takes about three hours on the way.
Asked by SUSIE ONG from PHILIPPINES | Jun. 29, 2013 18:56Reply
Answers (1)
Answered by Susia from THAILAND | Jun. 29, 2013 20:48

I am afraid that it is hard to find the email of the local police office and I only know the phone number of the police office and it is 0916-2688840. Hope it helps you.
Asked by Eloise from AUSTRALIA | Aug. 09, 2011 03:51Reply
Do buses from Xi'an to Hanzhong run every day? I am wanting to go on a Friday or Saturday.
I am from Australia but hope to get to that city quite soon after my arrival in Shanghai. Is there a website with bus information that I can access and plan before I get there?
Answers (1)
Answered by Sara from CHINA | Aug. 09, 2011 20:19

Hi, will you fly from Shanghai to Xi'an or take train from Shanghai to Xi'an?
Anyway, the buses run daily from Xi'an Chengnan Long-distance Bus Station and Xi'an Chengxi Long-distance Bus Station.
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