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Egypt Travel Guide
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Things to do in Egypt
Top Destinations and Attractions to Visit
Great Pyramid of Giza (Pyramid of Khufu)Located in the Giza Heights about 10 kilometers (6 miles) southwest to downtown Cairo, Pyramid of Khufu was built for Pharaoh Khufu around 2,580 BC. It is 146.59 meters (481 feet) high, made up of 2.3 million boulders. The total weight of the Pyramid is about 6.84 million tons. It is the largest among more than 70 pyramids discovered in Egypt. Technologically, it is complicated; artistically, it is simple but beautiful. Among the "Ancient Seven Wonders of the World", only the pyramid has been reserved properly after millenniums.
Great Sphinx of GizaThe ancient Egyptian pharaoh Radjedef built the monument of the Sphinx based on the portrait of his father, Khufu. Radjedef regarded his father as a sun god. This is also one of Radjedef's propaganda means to restore people's respect of the past. The statue is 20 meters (66 feet) high, 57 meters (187 feet) long. The face is about 5 meters (16 feet) and the ear is over 2 meters (7 feet). He wears the "Nems" crown. The forehead is engraved with the relief of "cobra", the sacred snake. The lower jaw has the emperor sign - the drooping long beard. So far, there are still many unsolved mysteries about this sphinx.
Egyptian MuseumLocated on the east bank of the Nile River, Egyptian Museum is one of the world's most famous museums. It keeps more than 300,000 pieces of cultural relics and displays 63,000 pieces, accounting for about one-fifth of all its cultural relics. As most collections are from Pharaonic Period (3,500 BC-30 BC), it is also called the "Pharaoh Museum". There are lots of statues, unearthed artifacts and mummies in the museum, including stone carvings from the Ancient Kingdom (3,050 BC-2,686 BC), woodcarvings from the Middle Kingdom (1,937 BC-1,668 BC), and reliefs from the New Kingdom (1,560 BC-1,070 BC), ancient velvet paper, coins, gold masks, humanoid gold coffins, gold chairs and so on. The mummy showroom has more than 20 mummies of the Egyptian pharaohs, the best preserved of which is the mummy of the 19th Dynasty Pharaoh Ramses II.
Krnak Temple ComplexKarnak Temple Complex was built more than 3,900 years ago. Located in the northern part of the Egyptian city Luxor, it is a spectacular temple complex left over from the ancient Egyptian Empire. With more than 20 temples, 134 giant stone pillars, and stone statues of lions and rams, the temple complex is magnificent and shocking. The highlights include sacred temple hall, the standing statue of the longest reigned and most influential Pharaoh Ramses II in the history of ancient Egypt, and the obelisk set up there by the only female pharaoh of ancient Egypt, the Pharaoh Hatshepsut. The most fascinating parts of the Karnak Temple is the beautiful patterns and hieroglyphs carved on the pillars, on the walls, and on the bases of the statues, including images of the tragic war, rural life, and the intimacy of the gods and pharaohs... These stone carvings show visitors a distant and glorious past in a comic strip.
Valley of the KingsLocated in an uninhabited limestone gorge not far from the Nile River, Valley of the Kings, as like its name, includes more than 60 tombs of Pharaohs from the 17th Dynasty (1,668 BC-1,570 BC) to the 20th Dynasty (1,185 BC-1,070 BC). The largest one is the tomb of the 19th Dynasty Seti I (1,394 BC-1,279 BC). The distance is 210 meters (689 feet) from the entrance to the last tomb while it drops down for 45 meters (148 feet). The huge rock caves are dug into underground palaces with walls and ceilings covered by murals, and the decoration is gorgeous and unimaginable. The entrance to the tomb is often opened halfway up the mountain, with small passages leading to the deep tomb. Some of the patterns and hieroglyphics on both sides of the passage are still very clear.
Top Activities to Experience
Hot-Air Balloon in LuxorLuxor's hot air balloon is a must-do activity. It is so memorable to enjoy the sunrise over the Nile from the balloon. Under the morning sunshine, the Valley of the Kings is dyed with sun's shining light. Overlooking the Valley of the Kings on a hot air balloon, you can also see the holes that were previously used to detect the tomb. Traveling in the air, you can also clearly see the boundary between the two sides of the Nile, on one side of which is the lush sugar cane field, while on the other side is the yellow barren land.
Dive in Red SeaThe Red Sea is a fabulous diving spot. The big sea creatures that the divers can see in the Red Sea include: dolphins, manta ray, oceanic white tip sharks, long tail sharks, hammerhead sharks, various reef sharks, gray reef sharks, large Napoleon, etc. In addition, the Red Sea offers the most pristine, healthiest and most spectacular coral world on earth, various historical shipwrecks of various periods, as well as transparent blue water.
Night Tour on River NileThe navy blue Nile, like a strip of gorgeous satin, is clear, quiet, beautiful, and sacred. A cruise on the Nile is a pleasure. The boat slowly moves on the calm river, and visitors can enjoy charming scenery on both sides at a leisurely pace. The night scene is more beautiful that’s why visitors prefer to take the boat tour during nighttime. Visitors will feel pleased by the lights on both sides of the strait as well as the wonderful belly dance or Sufi dance performance.
Top Local CuisinesKebab: roast lamb with pepper, salt, olive oil, ginger and so on.
Fuul: made of broad beans with meat, onion, eggs, chickpeas balls and tomatoes, eat with Pita like a sandwich.
Ta'amiyya: fried balls made of broad bean powder, usually comes with Fuul together.
Melokheya: green soup made of mallow, eating with rice or flatbread.
Katayef: a kind of dessert looks like dumplings with pine nut and raisin inside.
Hamaam: roast pigeon with rice inside.