Egypt Weather


Egypt Climate & Weather Facts

 Main Climatic Zones: Mediterranean climate zone and tropical desert zone
 Climatic Features: Dry and torrid almost all year round
 Hottest Month: July and August; Warmest City: Aswan: 42℃ (107.6℉)
 Coolest Month: January; Considerably Cool City: Alexandria: 14℃ (57.2℉)

Egypt is mostly situated in the northeast of Africa. Sinai Peninsula in Asia, separated by the Suez Canal, is also included. The most regions, covered by vast stretches of desert, are dominated by tropical desert climate. It is torrid and arid all year round, and there is not a drop of rain in most places. The temperature difference is very large between day and night in Egypt. That’s to say, it is burning hot during the day, but cool or even cold after night falls.

Although not very obvious, Egypt has four seasons. The high temperature makes summer from June to August unbearable, while winter from December to February is cool and pleasant with lower temperature. The spring and autumn are not that hot, but not cool, either.
3-Day Weather Forecast of Major Cities

Best Time to Visit Egypt

Referring to the best time to visit Egypt, winter time from December to February is no doubt the optimal. The period enjoys milder weather, which is comfortable for visitors to explore the mysterious pyramids and more archaeological remains. It’s also good to go there in November or March till early April. The other months are too hot to travel outdoors in Egypt.
Month Travel Recommendation Season Average Temperature
January Winter 10-21℃ (50-69.8℉)
February Winter 10-23℃ (50-73.4℉)
March Spring 13-26℃ (55.4-78.8℉)
April Spring 17-30℃ (62.6-86℉)
May Spring 20-34℃ (68-93.2℉)
June Summer 23-36℃ (73.4-96.8℉)
July Summer 25-38℃ (77-100.4℉)
August Summer 26-38℃ (78.8-100.4℉)
September Autumn 23-35℃ (73.4-95℉)
October Autumn 20-32℃ (68-89.6℉)
November Autumn 16-27℃ (60.8-80.6℉)
December Winter 11-22℃ (51.8-71.6℉)
Monthly Weather of Egypt – Average Temperature & Rainfall
Egypt Rainfall

Regional Weather of Egypt

Egypt can be parceled into two parts roughly in accordance with the climates. The northern coasts of Egypt has sub-tropical Mediterranean climate, while the wide south is influenced by tropical desert climate.

Northern Egypt – Mediterranean Coast & Nile Delta

 Major Destinations: Cairo, Alexandria, Port Said
 Weather Review: The northern coast, facing the Mediterranean Sea, has milder weather than the desert regions. There might be a little rain from December to March, varying within 50-200mm in total, when it becomes wetter. In capital Cairo, the mean temperature reaches 35℃ (95℉) in summer, but to coolest January, it won’t exceed 19℃ (66.2℉).
 Travel Recommendation: In Egypt, Giza Pyramids is certainly unmissable. Pyramids of Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure are the grandest ones to explore the mysterious old civilization, together with the Great Sphinx and Valley Temple nearby. Egyptian National Museum houses precious ancient Egyptian relics, such as the famous Tutankhamun’s golden mask. Citadel of Saladin, Black and White Desert, the Hanging Church, Alexandria Library‎, Citadel of Qaitbay, Pompey’s Pillar, the Suez Canal, etc. are all visit-worthy. Desert safari is a fresh experience worth trying.

 See more about Cairo Weather

Central & Southern Egypt – Most Desert Regions in Egypt

 Major Destinations: Luxor, Aswan, Hurghada, Sharm el Sheikh
 Weather Review: In tropical desert climate zone, the weather is broiling and droughty in the central and southern Egypt. It is hardly to see a raindrop on the land. Red Sea coasts may have lower temperature than the inland, but very slightly. Visitors would experience a wide temperature difference between day and night, which gets greater as one goes south. The temperature rises to as high as 41/42℃ (105.8/107.6℉) in summer averagely; at hottest time, it may reach 48℃ (118.4℉) according to historical records.
 Travel Recommendation: Along the Nile, Karnak Temple, Luxor Temple, Temple of Queen Hatshepsut, Abu Simbel Temple, Temple of Philae, and more old remains show the Egyptian civilization to visitors. The High Dam in Aswan is a pride of modern Egypt. Red Sea beaches are stunning to enjoy sunshine and beach funs, and diving is definitely a fascinating activity, to see the underwater world of Red Sea.


Sandstorm Season in Egypt

From March to May, it is the high season of sandstorm in Egypt. The dry-hot wind blows from Sahara desert hinterland and sweeps across Egypt, making the sky orange with sands in the air. Sandstorms influence the visibility and traffic inevitably; flights and cruises would be shut if there is a strong sandstorm. Besides, there might also be a few sandstorms during other months, but the probability is small. Remember to avoid the sandstorm season or such weather when planning your tour to Egypt.



As it’s hot almost all year round, sunscreen, sunhat and sunglasses are the requisites when going to Egypt in any season. Sightseeing buses, restaurants and hotels are air-conditioned generally, so some thick outerwear should be taken for indoor activities. Furthermore, vests, shorts and skirts are prohibited in any mosque in Egypt.
- Last updated on May. 05, 2023 by Nancy He -