Four Pillars of Destiny (Bazi)

The Four Pillars of Destiny is known as 'eight characters of birth time', namely Sheng Chen Ba Zi, shortly as Bazi in Pinyin. As an important component of Chinese fortune telling, the 'four pillars' refers to the year, month, day and hour pillars of a birthday in Chinese solar calendar and each pillar has two characters, eight characters (Ba Zi) in total. Two characters in each pair are made up of one character from the Heavenly Stems and one from the Earthly Branches. 

The theory of the Chinese Four Pillars of Destiny is based on Yin Yang and Wu Xing, and the pillars are represented on the basis of the heavenly stems & earthly branches

Year Pillar

– Ten Heavenly Stems and Twelve Earthly branches combines and create a sexagenary cycle (See this chart to find the year pillar. If your birth year is not in the 60-year circle, it can be calculated by extrapolation from the figures.) Here is a quick way to convert a year in western calendar into the one represented by stem and branch. 

Year's Heavenly Stem – Last number of a year will indicate the year's stem
Jia Yi Bing Ding Wu Ji Geng Xin Ren Gui
4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3

Year's Earthly Branch – the reminder (1-11) of the year divided by 12 will indicate the year's branch

Zi Chou Yin Mao Chen Si Wu Wei Shen You Xu Hai
4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 0 1 2 3

Take the year 1985 for example. Last number 5 refers to Yi. 1985 divided by 12 equals an integer 165 with a reminder of 5. Number 5 refers to Chou. So 1985 is Yi Chou year.

Month Pillar

– Month pillar has fixed early branches, lunar January to October represented by Yin, Mao, Chen, Si, Wu, Wei, Shen, You, Xu, Hai, Zi and Chou. The heavenly stem is changing according to the year pillar. In fact, the division of two month branches is usually up to the 24 solar terms. From the Beginning of Spring which regarded as the real start of a year, the branch shifts every two solar terms. The representation by lunar months is only an only an approximation.

Earthly Branches and 12 Months
Branch Zi Chou Yin Mao Chen Si
Lunar Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.
Solar Daxue-



Branch Wu Wei Shen You Xu Hai
Lunar May Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct.
Solar Mangzhou-

Day Pillar

– The recondition to know a day's stem and branch, one should remember the stem and branch of the first day of that year in Chinese lunar calendar. Then, Chinese calendar has bigger and lesser month, respectively having 30 or 29 days. One stem-branch cycle needs 60 days. If the stem and branch of the first day of that lunar month has been known, there is a way to extrapolate any day within the month, by the different extrapolation rules applied to bigger and lesser months. 

Hour Pillar

– Similarly, the heavenly branches of the hour pillar is fixed. Jia hour refers to 23:00-01:00, and so forth. The heavenly stem of each day is up to the stem and branch of the day pillar. 

Earthly Branches of 24 Hours (12 Shi Chen)
Zi Chou Yin Mao Chen Si
23:00-00:59 01:00-02:59 03:00-04:59 05:00-06:59 07:00-08:59 09:00-10:59
Wu Wei Shen You Xu Hai
11:00-12:59 13:00-14:59 15:00-16:59 17:00-18:59 19:00-20:59 21:00-22:59

 Here is the Bazi chart interpretation for an individual born at 18:00, on April 12, 1985 (lunar February 23, 1985) in western calendar for example. Generally, a yellow calendar book is necessary to help find the accurate pillars. Now, it is very easy to find an online Ba Zi calculator. 

Pillars Hour Day Month Year
Heavenly Stems Ding Ding Geng Yi
Wu Xing/Yin Yang Yin Fire Yin Fire Yang Metal Yin Wood
Earthly Branches You Chou Chen Chou
Wu Xing/Yin Yang Yin Metal Yin Earth Yang Earth Yin Earth

It has only eight characters, but the relation of the eight characters is very complicated. According to the Bazi analysis theory, year pillar represents ancestors and parents; month pillar represents brothers and sisters; day stem represents oneself; day branch represent spouse; hour pillar represents offspring. In addition, the heavenly stems have their own characteristics which are related to the Five Elements (Wu Xing). The missing element in a baby's Bazi will be usually added into its name as an action of compensation. Among the ten heavenly stems, there are compatible and opposite relations. While among the earthly branches, the relations are more complex, combination, clash, restriction, harm, etc. Abundant relationships may have accurate explanation on the luck of one self or relatives. 

The ancient people believed that birth time is a kind of Qi (aura, something of spirit). People born in the Wei hour have an aura field of Wei. If the birth time is in Wei hour but closing to Shen, the aura field has changed gradually to that of the Shen hour. The Four Pillars of Destiny was created based on vague time, as the time division in ancient time could not be accurate as it is in modern times. So, are there any errors if calculating the Ba Zi because of the time difference? An individual is unique replying on the combination of time, space and spirit. While the Four Pillars mainly talks about time, occasionally space but non spirit. It is an outcome of Chinese metaphysics which is special, interesting but the accurate is debatable.

- Last modified on Oct. 30, 2019 -
Questions & Answers on Four Pillars of Destiny (Bazi)
Asked by Terry from PHILIPPINES | Dec. 06, 2019 21:11Reply
Female Earth Horse for 2020 :(
I have Ox hour, Monkey day, Dragon month and Horse year pillars. How will my career and relationships be in 2020?
Answers (1)
Answered by Anthony from AUSTRALIA | Dec. 09, 2019 00:17

According to the Chinese zodiac prediction, you can make some breakthroughs in your career. Keeping a modest attitude towards surrounding people is important. This can help you obtain the harmonious interpersonal relationship.
Asked by Jinky Obviar from PHILIPPINES | Dec. 01, 2019 06:40Reply
I was born July 7 1977.What does future holds for me?
Answers (1)
Answered by Adalyn from DENMARK | Dec. 02, 2019 00:39

You are born with Chinese zodiac Snake sign. Based on Snake Fortune Prediction in 2020, you will have good performance in your career. Then you would have a chance to get promotion or gain increased salary. There is no difficult thing in your love relationship and wealth. On weekends, you can have more outdoor activities like mountain climbing in order to get some relaxation.
Asked by Mandy Li from LONDON | Nov. 15, 2019 07:08Reply
My DOB is 17th September 1988 at 4:30am, born in UK
My bf DOB is 8th August, 1982 at 12noon, born in Paris

Are we a good match? I was informed that my bf will die from car crash or plane crash after we have our first child.....
Answers (1)
Answered by Logan from UNITED KINGDOM | Nov. 18, 2019 22:29

Oh, I think that you should forget the information you was informed before. The prediction indicates that you are well matched. Don't worry.
Asked by AMYES | Oct. 30, 2019 02:00Reply
Dec 12, 1982 & Sep 22, 1975
Will this be a lasting union with a successful future? It had a tumultuous start ut has slowly began to evolve into something much more stable. It’s a very passionate and intense relationship with a mutually vested interest on Nov 7th and anything we may be able to do to make the day more favorable for us is appreciated. Thank you so so much
Answers (1)
Answered by Gaia from USA | Oct. 30, 2019 19:58

Don't worry. Generally speaking, the relationship would have a large chance to have a good result. In daily life, these two people should have more understanding and patience to each other. :)
Asked by AMYES | Oct. 30, 2019 01:56Reply
Place/date of birth Victoria, TX 09/22/75 time is unconfirmed but may be 11:00am
Have a life altering situation that will be decided on November 7, 2019. Is there anything to help foresee the outcome or anything at all to help get a favorable outcome? It involves my only child.
Answers (1)
Answered by Alva from NETHERLANDS | Oct. 30, 2019 19:56

Hereunder are some lucky elements for people born on 09/22/75:
Lucky Numbers: 3, 4, 9
Lucky Colors: red, blue, pink, purple
Lucky Flowers: snapdragon, plantain lily, nerve plant
Lucky Directions: east, southeast, south

Hope helpful!
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