Four Pillars of Destiny (Bazi)

The Four Pillars of Destiny is known as 'eight characters of birth time', namely Sheng Chen Ba Zi, shortly as Bazi in Pinyin. As an important component of Chinese fortune telling, the 'four pillars' refers to the year, month, day and hour pillars of a birthday in Chinese solar calendar and each pillar has two characters, eight characters (Ba Zi) in total. Two characters in each pair are made up of one character from the Heavenly Stems and one from the Earthly Branches. 

The theory of the Chinese Four Pillars of Destiny is based on Yin Yang and Wu Xing, and the pillars are represented on the basis of the heavenly stems & earthly branches

Year Pillar

– Ten Heavenly Stems and Twelve Earthly branches combines and create a sexagenary cycle (See this chart to find the year pillar. If your birth year is not in the 60-year circle, it can be calculated by extrapolation from the figures.) Here is a quick way to convert a year in western calendar into the one represented by stem and branch. 

Year's Heavenly Stem – Last number of a year will indicate the year's stem
Jia Yi Bing Ding Wu Ji Geng Xin Ren Gui
4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3

Year's Earthly Branch – the reminder (1-11) of the year divided by 12 will indicate the year's branch

Zi Chou Yin Mao Chen Si Wu Wei Shen You Xu Hai
4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 0 1 2 3

Take the year 1985 for example. Last number 5 refers to Yi. 1985 divided by 12 equals an integer 165 with a reminder of 5. Number 5 refers to Chou. So 1985 is Yi Chou year.

Month Pillar

– Month pillar has fixed early branches, lunar January to October represented by Yin, Mao, Chen, Si, Wu, Wei, Shen, You, Xu, Hai, Zi and Chou. The heavenly stem is changing according to the year pillar. In fact, the division of two month branches is usually up to the 24 solar terms. From the Beginning of Spring which regarded as the real start of a year, the branch shifts every two solar terms. The representation by lunar months is only an only an approximation.

Earthly Branches and 12 Months
Branch Zi Chou Yin Mao Chen Si
Lunar Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr.
Solar Daxue-



Branch Wu Wei Shen You Xu Hai
Lunar May Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct.
Solar Mangzhou-

Day Pillar

– The recondition to know a day's stem and branch, one should remember the stem and branch of the first day of that year in Chinese lunar calendar. Then, Chinese calendar has bigger and lesser month, respectively having 30 or 29 days. One stem-branch cycle needs 60 days. If the stem and branch of the first day of that lunar month has been known, there is a way to extrapolate any day within the month, by the different extrapolation rules applied to bigger and lesser months. 

Hour Pillar

– Similarly, the heavenly branches of the hour pillar is fixed. Jia hour refers to 23:00-01:00, and so forth. The heavenly stem of each day is up to the stem and branch of the day pillar. 

Earthly Branches of 24 Hours (12 Shi Chen)
Zi Chou Yin Mao Chen Si
23:00-00:59 01:00-02:59 03:00-04:59 05:00-06:59 07:00-08:59 09:00-10:59
Wu Wei Shen You Xu Hai
11:00-12:59 13:00-14:59 15:00-16:59 17:00-18:59 19:00-20:59 21:00-22:59

 Here is the Bazi chart interpretation for an individual born at 18:00, on April 12, 1985 (lunar February 23, 1985) in western calendar for example. Generally, a yellow calendar book is necessary to help find the accurate pillars. Now, it is very easy to find an online Ba Zi calculator. 

Pillars Hour Day Month Year
Heavenly Stems Ding Ding Geng Yi
Wu Xing/Yin Yang Yin Fire Yin Fire Yang Metal Yin Wood
Earthly Branches You Chou Chen Chou
Wu Xing/Yin Yang Yin Metal Yin Earth Yang Earth Yin Earth

It has only eight characters, but the relation of the eight characters is very complicated. According to the Bazi analysis theory, year pillar represents ancestors and parents; month pillar represents brothers and sisters; day stem represents oneself; day branch represent spouse; hour pillar represents offspring. In addition, the heavenly stems have their own characteristics which are related to the Five Elements (Wu Xing). The missing element in a baby's Bazi will be usually added into its name as an action of compensation. Among the ten heavenly stems, there are compatible and opposite relations. While among the earthly branches, the relations are more complex, combination, clash, restriction, harm, etc. Abundant relationships may have accurate explanation on the luck of one self or relatives. 

The ancient people believed that birth time is a kind of Qi (aura, something of spirit). People born in the Wei hour have an aura field of Wei. If the birth time is in Wei hour but closing to Shen, the aura field has changed gradually to that of the Shen hour. The Four Pillars of Destiny was created based on vague time, as the time division in ancient time could not be accurate as it is in modern times. So, are there any errors if calculating the Ba Zi because of the time difference? An individual is unique replying on the combination of time, space and spirit. While the Four Pillars mainly talks about time, occasionally space but non spirit. It is an outcome of Chinese metaphysics which is special, interesting but the accurate is debatable.

- Last modified on Apr. 21, 2019 -
Questions & Answers on Four Pillars of Destiny (Bazi)
Asked by Angela from UNITED STATES 🇺🇸 | Apr. 06, 2019 09:46Reply
I lost my job, I have no partner and have been lonely and sad for a very long time. Will this change
Born may 18, 1956 8:15 am
Will I ever be happy and stop being so lonely, fearful and anxious?
Answers (2)
Answered by Lily from CANADA | Apr. 07, 2019 22:57

Your fortune may not be very good in the year of Pig. However, keep a positive attitude towards life and you will meet your soulmate. Try to be more active and take part in more social activities, which will increase the chances. Good luck!
Answered by Lakshmi from USA | Apr. 21, 2019 07:48

You being lonely fearful and anxious can be the stress of your birth signs. When your born under the month of a water snake it makes u more pessimistic. Most of your birth signs (birth animal sign) are head strong and hard working so if u lost this job it most likely means you'll find a better one. It's very odd for people born under these signs to be lonely although in relationships some signs can have slight problems (like normally) for example: you being born under the fire monkey year can mean in relations in can have anger problems,selfish,even feisty in some situations although charming, born under the snake water month (depending of the sign of your partner) can make u very loving caring and bad note perhaps (maybe) secretive,jealous,insecure pessimistic, born under the wooden chicken day pillar can make u very romantic, (maybe) care a little to much about loved ones and sociable which can easily gain relationship status on the bad note maybe conceited, perfectionist,gullible (money lucky) And u are secretly and Metal Dragon for the hour make relationships can secretly be more like fairy tales, spotlight, movie scene material and feel more lively or turn out good although dragons can be arrogant sometimes but being that it's dragon under the metal element can make u luckier with money and very lucky in general. If your currently lonely these signs will help u know more of your charm and luck!!! Your year pillar being that it's fire monkey can be extinguished by your month which is water snake water snake helps grow your wooden chicken day pillar and your hour which is metal dragon hour pillar can chop the wood of your day pillar. luckly for your all these signs are talented!!!
Asked by Crispy from SINGAPORE | Apr. 04, 2019 09:03Reply
Compatibility for love and marriage
Male 3rd April 1991 female 30th October 1990
Answers (1)
Answered by Mia from USA | Apr. 07, 2019 22:53

It is a good match and you are likely to maintain a lasting relationship. However, you may still face some small conflicts. Remember to keep calm and learn to understand your partner.
Asked by Ellen from ENGLAND | Mar. 30, 2019 12:23Reply
Am I and my partner meant to last? My date of birth is 4th Nov 1983 and his is 15th June 1982.
We had a newborn on 19th Jan 2019.
Answers (1)
Answered by Lisa from AUSTRALIA | Mar. 31, 2019 23:36

Hi, your love compatibility is good and you have a very good chance to keep a lasting relationship. Try to keep calm when you face disagreements and solve problems through communication. Best wishes!
Asked by Rita from ENGLAND | Mar. 28, 2019 16:59Reply
I had a business partnership last year with a guy born on 27th Nov 1988
And due to external factors it did not succeed. Will I meet him again? Do we have potential for romance? I am born 4th Nov 1983.

What is my destiny this year to start up my own business?
Answers (1)
Answered by Daisy from AUSTRALIA | Mar. 28, 2019 18:38

This year is your zodiac year of birth and you may face a lot of ups and downs in career. So it may not be a very lucky year for you to start a business. You may meet the partner again but it is more likely for you to become friends.
Asked by fg from INDONESIA | Mar. 28, 2019 02:38Reply
whether is should do business or work?
what kind of business suit to me?

dob 14:00 2 mar 1970
Answers (1)
Answered by Sally from SINGAPORE | Mar. 28, 2019 18:34

It is not favorable for you to start a business this year. According to the zodiac prediction, it is better for you to keep stable in career and you may have a chance to improve your business plans. There is no signs of your business industry.
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