Chinese Calendar

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Chinese calendar, a lunisolar calendar, is formed on the movement of the moon. It defines Chinese 24 solar terms, traditional holidays and helps to choose a lucky day before important activities such as marriage proposal, wedding, praying for pregnancy, traveling.

Chinese Calendar

 24 Solar Terms
 Customs Concerning the Solar Terms
 Heavenly Stems & Earthly Branches
 Chinese 60-Year Calendar Circle

Although China has adopted the Gregorian calendar in common with most other countries in the world for official and business purposes, the traditional Chinese calendar continues to define the dates of festivals and is used for horoscopes. The calendar has a very long history going back to the Xia (21st century BC - 16th century BC) and Shang Dynasty (16th century BC - 11th century BC). It is based on a unique combination of astronomy and geography through observation and exploration. It is also referred to as the Lunar, Yin, Xia or the old Chinese calendar.

Following its creation in the Xia Dynasty, succeeding reigns continued to use the calendar but modified it from time to time. The Han Dynasty rulers instituted the Taichu calendar, while during Tang Dynasty the Huangji calendar was introduced and it was adopted by Japan, Korea and Vietnam. With the founding of the Republic of China in 1912, the Gregorian calendar was brought into use. Although ethnic groups such as Tibet and Dai have their own calendars, in essence they resemble that of the Han people. Islam reckons its own religion festivals according to the Islamic Calendar.

The calendar has links with natural sciences such as agriculture and astronomy, solar terms, the four seasons and traditional festivals such as the Chinese New Year. There are links also with the 'Five Elements' of which the ancient Chinese believed the physical universe to be composed namely, metal, wood, water, fire and earth. Finally, of course, is Chinese Zodiac - the symbolic animals associated with each year on a 12-year cycle.

Rules for Calculation

Each time the moon moves into line with the earth and the sun a new month begins and this is called 'Chu Yi' or 'Shuo Ri' (the first day of a lunar month). The longest day of a year or Summer Solstice falls on the 21st or 22nd of June, and the shortest day is the Winter Solstice on either December 21, 22, or 23. Using these two annual events the year was divided into in 24 equal parts, each forming the 24 solar terms. The month with its first day nearest the Beginning of Spring (the first solar term) is the first lunar month, and on that day the Spring Festival is held and this varies between January 20th and February 20th.

Just as the Gregorian calendar has a leap year in order to compensate for the fact that the earth does not travel around the sun in exactly 365 days, so the Chinese calendar is adjusted so as to ensure that it bears a proper relationship with the apparent movement of the sun between the northern and southern tropics. People in ancient times concluded that there is a 19 year cycle and within this cycle certain days will equate with the lunar day. For example, in 1963, 1982, and 2001, May 28th coincided with the sixth day of the fourth month in lunar year.

To decide when a leap month needs to be added to bring the lunar calendar in relation to the earth's movement around the sun, the 24 solar terms are considered. Most months will have solar terms and but in those instances where a month has only one, it will be repeated with 29 or 30 days the same as normal month. This phenomenon can occur every two or three years.

 2019 / 2020 / 2021 China Public Holiday Calendar

- Last modified on Nov. 16, 2018 -
Questions & Answers on Chinese Calendar
Asked by Grace Roble from PHILIPPINES | Nov. 16, 2018 16:08Reply
Gemini (june 26, 1971)
Career and health for me this 2019?
Asked by Randy from PHILIPPINES | Nov. 16, 2018 16:00Reply
Career and health on 2019
Im Pieces (Feb. 28, 1977) Snake while my wife is Virgo (Sept. 21, 1976) Dragon.. My wife wants to open her a small store in Dec. 24,2018 . Is it lucky for us to open early in the morning? And how's my Career and health on 2019?
Asked by Anthony Fuqua from UNITED STATES | Nov. 16, 2018 08:39Reply
I was born on Jan 4, 1964 in dragon and want to know how it looks for a job
Returning to work after back injury and surgeries in 200 & 2005 respectively, and being disabled until?, how does the future look fore
Asked by Levy from PHILIPPINES | Nov. 14, 2018 13:49Reply
Hi im saguittarius dec. 20, 1955 . What is the lucky color on 2019?
How's my health on 2019?
Answers (1)
Answered by Maco from ITALY | Nov. 14, 2018 17:56
00Reply


Green, red and purple are your lucky colors and about the health condition, it is ok but don't give yourself too much pressure. A balanced diet and good habits of exercising are very important.
Asked by shiloo from INDIA | Nov. 13, 2018 20:55Reply
my husband is a dragon 6 june 1964 . he wants start business
digital marketing is it good him ? when he should start
Answers (1)
Answered by Fred from NETHERLANDS | Nov. 14, 2018 17:52
00Reply


I'm not sure if he should start a business or if the digital marketing is good to him. However, the year of 2019 is not so favorable for him and he may suffer a financial loss and the general fortune is not so optimistic.
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