Chinese Calendar

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Chinese calendar, a lunisolar calendar, is formed on the movement of the moon. It defines Chinese 24 solar terms, traditional holidays and helps to choose a lucky day before important activities such as marriage proposal, wedding, praying for pregnancy, traveling.

Chinese Calendar

 24 Solar Terms
 Customs Concerning the Solar Terms
 Heavenly Stems & Earthly Branches
 Chinese 60-Year Calendar Circle

Although China has adopted the Gregorian calendar in common with most other countries in the world for official and business purposes, the traditional Chinese calendar continues to define the dates of festivals and is used for horoscopes. The calendar has a very long history going back to the Xia (21st century BC - 16th century BC) and Shang Dynasty (16th century BC - 11th century BC). It is based on a unique combination of astronomy and geography through observation and exploration. It is also referred to as the Lunar, Yin, Xia or the old Chinese calendar.

Following its creation in the Xia Dynasty, succeeding reigns continued to use the calendar but modified it from time to time. The Han Dynasty rulers instituted the Taichu calendar, while during Tang Dynasty the Huangji calendar was introduced and it was adopted by Japan, Korea and Vietnam. With the founding of the Republic of China in 1912, the Gregorian calendar was brought into use. Although ethnic groups such as Tibet and Dai have their own calendars, in essence they resemble that of the Han people. Islam reckons its own religion festivals according to the Islamic Calendar.

The calendar has links with natural sciences such as agriculture and astronomy, solar terms, the four seasons and traditional festivals such as the Chinese New Year. There are links also with the 'Five Elements' of which the ancient Chinese believed the physical universe to be composed namely, metal, wood, water, fire and earth. Finally, of course, is Chinese Zodiac - the symbolic animals associated with each year on a 12-year cycle.

Rules for Calculation

Each time the moon moves into line with the earth and the sun a new month begins and this is called 'Chu Yi' or 'Shuo Ri' (the first day of a lunar month). The longest day of a year or Summer Solstice falls on the 21st or 22nd of June, and the shortest day is the Winter Solstice on either December 21, 22, or 23. Using these two annual events the year was divided into in 24 equal parts, each forming the 24 solar terms. The month with its first day nearest the Beginning of Spring (the first solar term) is the first lunar month, and on that day the Spring Festival is held and this varies between January 20th and February 20th.

Just as the Gregorian calendar has a leap year in order to compensate for the fact that the earth does not travel around the sun in exactly 365 days, so the Chinese calendar is adjusted so as to ensure that it bears a proper relationship with the apparent movement of the sun between the northern and southern tropics. People in ancient times concluded that there is a 19 year cycle and within this cycle certain days will equate with the lunar day. For example, in 1963, 1982, and 2001, May 28th coincided with the sixth day of the fourth month in lunar year.

To decide when a leap month needs to be added to bring the lunar calendar in relation to the earth's movement around the sun, the 24 solar terms are considered. Most months will have solar terms and but in those instances where a month has only one, it will be repeated with 29 or 30 days the same as normal month. This phenomenon can occur every two or three years.

- Last modified on Sep. 10, 2019 -
Questions & Answers on Chinese Calendar
Asked by Bm from INDIA | Sep. 21, 2019 11:05Reply
How will be my future ?
Was born on 18 July 1999
Answers (1)
Answered by Lavelle from FINLAND | Sep. 23, 2019 20:49
00Reply


You are born with Chinese zodiac Rabbit sign. According to the prediction, you can make a progress in learning aspect. It is easy for you to master a new skill or gain new knowledge, so you are advised to keep learning at your spare time. At the same time, you need to put what you have learned into practice so as to pave the way for a bright future.
Asked by Teresita from USA | Sep. 18, 2019 18:51Reply
My daughters birthday is 3/16/1986.
She is moving to her new house after October 10, 2019 in USA.what dates in October are lucky to move in? Thank you.
Answers (1)
Answered by Daley from DENMARK | Sep. 23, 2019 20:50
00Reply


Oct. 07, Oct. 09, Oct. 12, Oct. 17 and Oct. 24 are lucky ones.
Asked by Teresita from UNITED STATES | Sep. 17, 2019 03:52Reply
My daughter New house is closing on October 10, 2019. When is the best time to move in?
Answers (1)
Answered by Grace from CANADA | Sep. 17, 2019 19:52
00Reply


Well, each month has several lucky dates. Would you mind provide the rough time?
Asked by Teresita from PHILIPPINES | Sep. 15, 2019 08:31Reply
I was born June 29, 1954 and my husband was born July 2, 1956 in the Philippines.
Do we have a excellent money in our future?
Answers (1)
Answered by Anthony from SINGAPORE | Sep. 17, 2019 00:50
00Reply


Based on the zodiac luck prediction, your wealth condition would become much better next year. Maybe you can invest some money on some familiar fields. Then maybe you can earn some extra money.
Asked by Justine from PHILIPPINES | Sep. 14, 2019 06:25Reply
Love forecast
I am born on dec 20 1996 sagittarius rat
I have a friend in fb and she know that i am attracted to her and she always inspires me and motivate me to reach for my goals and i am looking forward to meet her in the future and to be my partner in life too. But a couple of days ago i said a joke but then she didnt like it andafter that until now she is just opening mh messages and not responding at it and not even replying at it. I wanna know what will i do. Am i gonna be able to fix this and be able to talk to her again? Cause im having a hard time handling this cause im not used to this feeling. If we are be able to fix this and talk again soon will she be there in my oath taking in september 30? Before i enter the training camp? Amd will we be able to fix this issue before my oath taking? I dont even care if she is from a far place im from taytay rizal and she is from pampanga and beside that she also have almost the majority of the qualities that i am looking for in a life partner . I need some guidqnce cause i dont really know what to do right now thanks.
Answers (2)
Answered by David from CANADA | Sep. 17, 2019 00:55
00Reply


Hi, Justine, according to the situation, you can try to contact her again for several times. Try your best to figure out the problem. Then there will have a large chance to win her back.
Answered by Justine from PHILIPPINES | Sep. 17, 2019 05:02
00Reply


But she is already turned off to me i think? Cause ive been joking her on the endearments that i am calling her and the last joke that i told her is seemd to be below the belt about the cousin of our friend i already admitted that i am wrong and im very sorry about it. Then i talked to our friend and she told me that she find me too aggressive because of the endearment but she told me aerlier that its nothing but it seems to be the problem now. I just really want her back but i dont really know what to do cause she is not reponding to my messages 😥😥i missed her so much already.
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