Chinese Calendar

Chinese Lunar Date: 
Chinese Solar Date: 

Chinese calendar, a lunisolar calendar, is formed on the movement of the moon. It defines Chinese 24 solar terms, traditional holidays and helps to choose a lucky day before important activities such as marriage proposal, wedding, praying for pregnancy, traveling.

Chinese Calendar

 24 Solar Terms
 Customs Concerning the Solar Terms
 Heavenly Stems & Earthly Branches
 Chinese 60-Year Calendar Circle

Although China has adopted the Gregorian calendar in common with most other countries in the world for official and business purposes, the traditional Chinese calendar continues to define the dates of festivals and is used for horoscopes. The calendar has a very long history going back to the Xia (21st century BC - 16th century BC) and Shang Dynasty (16th century BC - 11th century BC). It is based on a unique combination of astronomy and geography through observation and exploration. It is also referred to as the Lunar, Yin, Xia or the old Chinese calendar.

Following its creation in the Xia Dynasty, succeeding reigns continued to use the calendar but modified it from time to time. The Han Dynasty rulers instituted the Taichu calendar, while during Tang Dynasty the Huangji calendar was introduced and it was adopted by Japan, Korea and Vietnam. With the founding of the Republic of China in 1912, the Gregorian calendar was brought into use. Although ethnic groups such as Tibet and Dai have their own calendars, in essence they resemble that of the Han people. Islam reckons its own religion festivals according to the Islamic Calendar.

The calendar has links with natural sciences such as agriculture and astronomy, solar terms, the four seasons and traditional festivals such as the Chinese New Year. There are links also with the 'Five Elements' of which the ancient Chinese believed the physical universe to be composed namely, metal, wood, water, fire and earth. Finally, of course, is Chinese Zodiac - the symbolic animals associated with each year on a 12-year cycle.

Rules for Calculation

Each time the moon moves into line with the earth and the sun a new month begins and this is called 'Chu Yi' or 'Shuo Ri' (the first day of a lunar month). The longest day of a year or Summer Solstice falls on the 21st or 22nd of June, and the shortest day is the Winter Solstice on either December 21, 22, or 23. Using these two annual events the year was divided into in 24 equal parts, each forming the 24 solar terms. The month with its first day nearest the Beginning of Spring (the first solar term) is the first lunar month, and on that day the Spring Festival is held and this varies between January 20th and February 20th.

Just as the Gregorian calendar has a leap year in order to compensate for the fact that the earth does not travel around the sun in exactly 365 days, so the Chinese calendar is adjusted so as to ensure that it bears a proper relationship with the apparent movement of the sun between the northern and southern tropics. People in ancient times concluded that there is a 19 year cycle and within this cycle certain days will equate with the lunar day. For example, in 1963, 1982, and 2001, May 28th coincided with the sixth day of the fourth month in lunar year.

To decide when a leap month needs to be added to bring the lunar calendar in relation to the earth's movement around the sun, the 24 solar terms are considered. Most months will have solar terms and but in those instances where a month has only one, it will be repeated with 29 or 30 days the same as normal month. This phenomenon can occur every two or three years.

 2019 / 2020 / 2021 China Public Holiday Calendar

- Last modified on Mar. 04, 2019 -
Questions & Answers on Chinese Calendar
Asked by Mabel Yeoh from MALAYSIAM | Mar. 19, 2019 09:02Reply
I am a female born on 7th August 1959
And wish to inquire whether l will do well in my career and finances in 2019 and years to come.
Thank you.
Answers (1)
Answered by Nina from USA | Mar. 19, 2019 19:23

This is a lucky year favorable for you and you can have a peaceful life. In career, you may enter a stable stage. In financial aspect, you may gain some benefits from investments.
Asked by Tamara from UNITED STATES | Mar. 18, 2019 00:29Reply
I am a female born June 26, 1982. Need help on career choice, whether to stay or leave?
These past few months have gone down hill tremendously. There seems to be some major issues going on. I'm just kind of worried that I've been sitting in my seat too long with a lot of hoping and wishing. How does this year look for me?

Need help! Thank you
Answers (1)
Answered by Amber from AUSTRALIA | Mar. 18, 2019 19:41

Hi, this year your fortune is good and it is suggested for you to wait for good chances. Prepare yourself and once you catch the opportunity, just strive for it. Good luck!
Asked by May Regala from PHILIPPINES | Mar. 14, 2019 05:17Reply
Nay 6, 1982. In terms of career, should I move out or stay in my current job?
Answers (1)
Answered by Henry from AUSTRALIA | Mar. 14, 2019 19:13

Hi, according to the zodiac prediction, you are suggested to stay in current job and wait for better opportunities coming. Good luck!
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