The Five Elements (Wu Xing)

Five Elements Chart
Five Elements Chart
Usually known as the Five Elements, Wu Xing is also named the Five Movements, Five Phrases or Five Steps. The 5 elements are jin (metal), mu (wood), shui (water), huo (fire), tu (earth). Chinese five elements in daily life were regarded as the foundation of everything in the universe and natural phenomena. They have their own characters and they can generate or destroy one other.


The Five Elements Theory

Generating Interaction (also begetting, engendering or mothering)
Metal generates water; water nourishes wood; wood feeds fire; fire creates earth/ash; earth bears metal.

Overcoming Interaction (also destruction)
Fire melts metal; metal chops wood; wood break up earth; earth absorbs water; water quenches fire.


Characteristics of the Five Elements

Wood – Benevolence

The wood pronounces the fate, lowliness or nobleness, representing extractive, luxuriant, brilliant, blooming, flourishing etc.

Fire – Propriety

The fire pronounces the feature, strength or softness, representing power, influence, bravery and intense.

Metal – Righteousness

The metal pronounces the life span, longevity or abortion, foretelling any penalties, dangers, difficulties and dead end.

Water – Wisdom

The water pronounces the talent, sage or fool, representing aptitude, brightness, agile mind and accuracy.

Earth – Fidelity/Honesty

The earth pronounces the status, rich or poor, representing the birth and growth of everything.


Chinese Five Elements Chart

Chinese zodiac elements

Elements Metal Wood Water Fire Earth
Zodiac Signs (Yang) Monkey Tiger Rat Horse Dragon / Dog
Zodiac Signs (Yin) Rooster Rabbit Pig Snake Ox / Sheep

5 Elements Feng Shui

Elements Metal Wood Water Fire Earth
Colors White Green Black Red Brown
Seasons Autumn Spring Winter Summer Intermediate
Weathers Dry Wind Cold Hot Wet
Directions West East North South Central
Planets Venus Jupiter Mercury Mars Saturn
Heavenly Stems Geng Xin Jia Yi Ren Gui Bing Ding Wu Ji
Year Ends with 0, 1 4, 5 2, 3 6, 7 8, 9
Hours 15-19 3-7 21-01 9-13 1-3,7-9,13-15,19-21
Number 1 2 3 4 5
Heavenly Creatures White Tiger Green Dragon Black Tortoise Vermilion Bird Yellow Dragon

5 Elements Chinese Medicine

Elements Metal Wood Water Fire Earth
Organs(Yin) Lung Liver Kidney Heart Spleen
Organs(Yang) Large Intestine Gall Bladder Urinary Bladder Small Intestine Stomach
Sensory Organs Nose Eyes Wars Tongue Mouth
Tastes Spicy Sour Salty Bitter Sweet

Application of Five Elements Theory


Naming of New-Borns

In ancient China, newborn babies usually got their name from the 'eight characters of birth time' consisting of year, month, day and hour which is represented by two characters each, one character from the Heavenly Stems and one from the Earthly Branches. The four pairs of the birth time reveal the elements in one's life. Then the parents will give the baby a name containing the element, as compensation, which doesn't exit in the baby's eight characters. The tradition is still followed by some people nowadays.

Five Elements Chinese Medicine

According to Five Elements Chinese medicine theory, among the five internal organs, the heart has the Fire element, the lung Metal, the liver Wood, the spleen Earth, and the kidney Water.

The Five Elements theory is mainly used to analyze and study the interrelations and physiological functions of these body parts, and to explain their mutual influences under pathological conditions.

Since ancient times, Chinese sages have skillfully applied the theory to medicine field, learning and explaining physiological phenomena with the dialectical relation of the Five Elements, trying their best to adapt to internal natural laws and to master the operating mechanism of the human body to prevent and treat diseases.

Five Elements Acupuncture

What are the 5 elements of acupuncture? Five Elements acupuncture is a very ancient and miraculous acupuncture method, which can not only treat various body diseases, but also adjust people's mind and emotion, etc.

According to the five elements theory, each emotion corresponds to one organ. Happiness-heart; Anger-liver; Worry-spleen; Panic-kidney; Sadness-lung. Bad emotions can damage these organs. Acupuncture can make people feel relax, thus achieving the effect of curing diseases.

People with abnormal organs often have corresponding abnormal emotions. For example, if a person often wants to lose his temper uncontrollably, he must consider whether there is something wrong with his liver. He can treat the disease by acupuncture at the liver point.

 See Personality Analysis by Chinese Zodiac Signs + Five Elements:

- Last modified on Sep. 09, 2019 -
Questions & Answers on The Five Elements (Wu Xing)
Asked by Will from USA | Oct. 11, 2019 17:21Reply
Meaningful gift for a female born 1982 (Water, Dog).
I am a male born in 1958 (Earth, Dog) and would like to give a meaningful gift to a female friend born in 1982 (Water, Dog). It is not a romantic gift. It is meant to give hope for a happy life and good fortune for her family. Are there elements or items related to Chinese astrology that would be appropriate?
Answers (1)
Answered by Oliver from POLAND | Oct. 15, 2019 23:20

Based on the Chinese zodiac prediction, here under are the lucky elements for Dog people:
Lucky Numbers: 3, 4, 9
Lucky Colors: green, red, purple
Lucky Flowers: rose, oncidium, cymbidium orchids
Lucky Directions: east, southeast, south

Hope helpful!
Asked by Sabrina from USA | Oct. 09, 2019 08:29Reply
relationship and moving to question
My bday is June 28 1981. My time at 6:55am in Taiwan time. I know I’m a rooster with fire element. I was trying to get back with my ex husband born 6/5/81 he’s also a rooster. We have a kid together. Born 4/16/12 11:00 pm on Long Island. He’s a dragon. I am spending time with a guy friend who’s a tiger. He is born nov 27, 1974 at 1:30am on Long Island.
My question is who am I compatible with and I also want to move out of New York State, I was thinking about Virginia or Pennsylvania.
Answers (1)
Answered by Annabelle from UNITED KINGDOM | Oct. 09, 2019 19:27

Well, according to this situation, you are suggested to follow your heart. Do not make decisions impatiently. Choose the one who has similar value with you.
Asked by Rita from MAURITIUS | Sep. 07, 2019 14:11Reply
My lucky element is earth and I am born on 11th Feb 1971.
my question if have a plant or earth will increase my luck or can be worth. please explain.

Thank you
Answers (2)
Answered by Ethan from CANADA | Sep. 09, 2019 20:42

Yes, it would provide some help to your wealth. You can try. In addition, you also have strong abilities to make some breakthroughs. Thus don't worry.
Answered by Rita from MAURITIUS | Sep. 11, 2019 08:21

Thank you very much!
Asked by Moich from USA | Aug. 03, 2019 11:26Reply
He is a fire rooster and I am a wood tiger; there is a water pig girl too—who will have him
He a fire rooster is in a relationship with the kids after pig girl; and could not resist himself from making advances at me. I was instantaneously attracted; we’ve tried breaking up but he can’t seem to gibe me up, not I him.
Answers (1)
Answered by Ellison from POLAND | Aug. 08, 2019 02:28

Well, you should follow your heart. However, if you decided to establish the stable love relationship with him, you should have a serious communication with him.
Asked by Winter Law from SINGAPORE | Aug. 01, 2019 08:02Reply
Tiger Fire and Water Rat. Will we last?
Answers (1)
Answered by Wallis from UNITED KINGDOM | Aug. 05, 2019 22:55

Well, to be honest, your love compatibility index is not high. You have different interests and hobbies, but you can still give space to each other. When meeting difficulties, you can face and solve them together. If you try to find something in common, you will become more intimate.
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