The Five Elements (Wu Xing)

Five Elements Chart
Five Elements Chart
Usually known as the Five Elements, Wu Xing is also named the Five Movements, Five Phrases or Five Steps. The 5 elements are jin (metal), mu (wood), shui (water), huo (fire), tu (earth). Chinese five elements in daily life were regarded as the foundation of everything in the universe and natural phenomena. They have their own characters and they can generate or destroy one other.


The Five Elements Theory

Generating Interaction (also begetting, engendering or mothering)
Metal generates water; water nourishes wood; wood feeds fire; fire creates earth/ash; earth bears metal.

Overcoming Interaction (also destruction)
Fire melts metal; metal chops wood; wood break up earth; earth absorbs water; water quenches fire.


Characteristics of the Five Elements

Wood – Benevolence

The wood pronounces the fate, lowliness or nobleness, representing extractive, luxuriant, brilliant, blooming, flourishing etc.

Fire – Propriety

The fire pronounces the feature, strength or softness, representing power, influence, bravery and intense.

Metal – Righteousness

The metal pronounces the life span, longevity or abortion, foretelling any penalties, dangers, difficulties and dead end.

Water – Wisdom

The water pronounces the talent, sage or fool, representing aptitude, brightness, agile mind and accuracy.

Earth – Fidelity/Honesty

The earth pronounces the status, rich or poor, representing the birth and growth of everything.


Chinese Five Elements Chart

Chinese zodiac elements

Elements Metal Wood Water Fire Earth
Zodiac Signs (Yang) Monkey Tiger Rat Horse Dragon / Dog
Zodiac Signs (Yin) Rooster Rabbit Pig Snake Ox / Sheep

5 Elements Feng Shui

Elements Metal Wood Water Fire Earth
Colors White Green Black Red Brown
Seasons Autumn Spring Winter Summer Intermediate
Weathers Dry Wind Cold Hot Wet
Directions West East North South Central
Planets Venus Jupiter Mercury Mars Saturn
Heavenly Stems Geng Xin Jia Yi Ren Gui Bing Ding Wu Ji
Year Ends with 0, 1 4, 5 2, 3 6, 7 8, 9
Hours 15-19 3-7 21-01 9-13 1-3,7-9,13-15,19-21
Number 1 2 3 4 5
Heavenly Creatures White Tiger Green Dragon Black Tortoise Vermilion Bird Yellow Dragon

5 Elements Chinese Medicine

Elements Metal Wood Water Fire Earth
Organs(Yin) Lung Liver Kidney Heart Spleen
Organs(Yang) Large Intestine Gall Bladder Urinary Bladder Small Intestine Stomach
Sensory Organs Nose Eyes Wars Tongue Mouth
Tastes Spicy Sour Salty Bitter Sweet

Application of Five Elements Theory


Naming of New-Borns

In ancient China, newborn babies usually got their name from the 'eight characters of birth time' consisting of year, month, day and hour which is represented by two characters each, one character from the Heavenly Stems and one from the Earthly Branches. The four pairs of the birth time reveal the elements in one's life. Then the parents will give the baby a name containing the element, as compensation, which doesn't exit in the baby's eight characters. The tradition is still followed by some people nowadays.

Five Elements Chinese Medicine

According to Five Elements Chinese medicine theory, among the five internal organs, the heart has the Fire element, the lung Metal, the liver Wood, the spleen Earth, and the kidney Water.

The Five Elements theory is mainly used to analyze and study the interrelations and physiological functions of these body parts, and to explain their mutual influences under pathological conditions.

Since ancient times, Chinese sages have skillfully applied the theory to medicine field, learning and explaining physiological phenomena with the dialectical relation of the Five Elements, trying their best to adapt to internal natural laws and to master the operating mechanism of the human body to prevent and treat diseases.

Five Elements Acupuncture

What are the 5 elements of acupuncture? Five Elements acupuncture is a very ancient and miraculous acupuncture method, which can not only treat various body diseases, but also adjust people's mind and emotion, etc.

According to the five elements theory, each emotion corresponds to one organ. Happiness-heart; Anger-liver; Worry-spleen; Panic-kidney; Sadness-lung. Bad emotions can damage these organs. Acupuncture can make people feel relax, thus achieving the effect of curing diseases.

People with abnormal organs often have corresponding abnormal emotions. For example, if a person often wants to lose his temper uncontrollably, he must consider whether there is something wrong with his liver. He can treat the disease by acupuncture at the liver point.

 See Personality Analysis by Chinese Zodiac Signs + Five Elements:

- Last modified on Oct. 21, 2019 -
Questions & Answers on The Five Elements (Wu Xing)
Asked by Suchi from INDIA | Dec. 09, 2019 19:16Reply
My birthdate is 20/3/1985 12:43 pm ist female, I already have son born on 10/11/2012 12:32 pm ist.
Will another child bring luck? Financially we are not making good. Should I plan a girl child? Which year can I plan?
Answers (1)
Answered by Natalie from POLAND | Dec. 11, 2019 00:29

Oh, the prediction indicates that it will be ok for you to have another child.
Asked by Syl yu from PHILIPPINES | Dec. 06, 2019 09:36Reply
Scared for my future
I was born September 7 1983, at 16:10 Manila time. Im scared that no one will take care of me as I only have 1 family left. I'm also not financially stable.
Answers (1)
Answered by Julian from GERMANY | Dec. 09, 2019 00:22

Hi, you are advised to stay positive. It is predicted that your wealth condition would become better next year. In addition, if necessary, you can also ask help for your best friends. Everything will be ok. :)
Asked by Jemal Davis from U.S.A | Nov. 18, 2019 02:46Reply
Will me & my girlfriend stay together & marry,being Im born 08/16/1982 & she, 05/20/1988 ?
Answers (1)
Answered by Hazel from CANADA | Nov. 18, 2019 19:35

Generally speaking, your love compatibility index will be high. Thus if the love relationship goes well, then you will have a large chance to get married. :)
Asked by Hannah from MALAYSIA | Oct. 20, 2019 21:29Reply
We do not have any fate?
I am with him for 4 years
I born in 1978 April 28
He born in 1979 September 16
When I know him,he was suffering in depression and undergoing divorce.
Unfortunately, 3 weeks before court, his wife diagnosed 3rd stage stomach cancer.
We don't know what should we do, I am worry about Karma and he is in grief and self blame. But , we know we love and need each other.
we didn't stay together, and he didn't get divorce . he is supporting all medical expenses and all necessary and meanwhile , we are yet break up too.
It is like no way out .
is two of us will not be blessed in this relation ?
Answers (1)
Answered by Madison from USA | Oct. 21, 2019 19:53

Well, according to the situation, it seems that you two are suggested to seperately for now.
Both of you need to have more patience. And you should give him more space. You two need a serious talk after he calm down.
Asked by Will from USA | Oct. 11, 2019 17:21Reply
Meaningful gift for a female born 1982 (Water, Dog).
I am a male born in 1958 (Earth, Dog) and would like to give a meaningful gift to a female friend born in 1982 (Water, Dog). It is not a romantic gift. It is meant to give hope for a happy life and good fortune for her family. Are there elements or items related to Chinese astrology that would be appropriate?
Answers (2)
Answered by Oliver from POLAND | Oct. 15, 2019 23:20

Based on the Chinese zodiac prediction, here under are the lucky elements for Dog people:
Lucky Numbers: 3, 4, 9
Lucky Colors: green, red, purple
Lucky Flowers: rose, oncidium, cymbidium orchids
Lucky Directions: east, southeast, south

Hope helpful!
Answered by Will from USA | Oct. 17, 2019 04:53

Thank you, Oliver. That is helpful. I can find a good gift that includes some of these lucky items.
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