The Five Elements (Wu Xing)

Five Elements Chart
Five Elements Chart
Usually known as the Five Elements, Wu Xing is also named the Five Movements, Five Phrases or Five Steps. The 5 elements are jin (metal), mu (wood), shui (water), huo (fire), tu (earth). Chinese five elements in daily life were regarded as the foundation of everything in the universe and natural phenomena. They have their own characters and they can generate or destroy one other.


The Five Elements Theory

Generating Interaction (also begetting, engendering or mothering)
Metal generates water; water nourishes wood; wood feeds fire; fire creates earth/ash; earth bears metal.

Overcoming Interaction (also destruction)
Fire melts metal; metal chops wood; wood break up earth; earth absorbs water; water quenches fire.


Characteristics of the Five Elements

Wood – Benevolence

The wood pronounces the fate, lowliness or nobleness, representing extractive, luxuriant, brilliant, blooming, flourishing etc.

Fire – Propriety

The fire pronounces the feature, strength or softness, representing power, influence, bravery and intense.

Metal – Righteousness

The metal pronounces the life span, longevity or abortion, foretelling any penalties, dangers, difficulties and dead end.

Water – Wisdom

The water pronounces the talent, sage or fool, representing aptitude, brightness, agile mind and accuracy.

Earth – Fidelity/Honesty

The earth pronounces the status, rich or poor, representing the birth and growth of everything.


Chinese Five Elements Chart

Chinese zodiac elements

Elements Metal Wood Water Fire Earth
Zodiac Signs (Yang) Monkey Tiger Rat Horse Dragon / Dog
Zodiac Signs (Yin) Rooster Rabbit Pig Snake Ox / Sheep

5 Elements Feng Shui

Elements Metal Wood Water Fire Earth
Colors White Green Black Red Brown
Seasons Autumn Spring Winter Summer Intermediate
Weathers Dry Wind Cold Hot Wet
Directions West East North South Central
Planets Venus Jupiter Mercury Mars Saturn
Heavenly Stems Geng Xin Jia Yi Ren Gui Bing Ding Wu Ji
Year Ends with 0, 1 4, 5 2, 3 6, 7 8, 9
Hours 15-19 3-7 21-01 9-13 1-3,7-9,13-15,19-21
Number 1 2 3 4 5
Heavenly Creatures White Tiger Green Dragon Black Tortoise Vermilion Bird Yellow Dragon

5 Elements Chinese Medicine

Elements Metal Wood Water Fire Earth
Organs(Yin) Lung Liver Kidney Heart Spleen
Organs(Yang) Large Intestine Gall Bladder Urinary Bladder Small Intestine Stomach
Sensory Organs Nose Eyes Wars Tongue Mouth
Tastes Spicy Sour Salty Bitter Sweet

Application of Five Elements Theory


Naming of New-Borns

In ancient China, newborn babies usually got their name from the 'eight characters of birth time' consisting of year, month, day and hour which is represented by two characters each, one character from the Heavenly Stems and one from the Earthly Branches. The four pairs of the birth time reveal the elements in one's life. Then the parents will give the baby a name containing the element, as compensation, which doesn't exit in the baby's eight characters. The tradition is still followed by some people nowadays.

Five Elements Chinese Medicine

According to Five Elements Chinese medicine theory, among the five internal organs, the heart has the Fire element, the lung Metal, the liver Wood, the spleen Earth, and the kidney Water.

The Five Elements theory is mainly used to analyze and study the interrelations and physiological functions of these body parts, and to explain their mutual influences under pathological conditions.

Since ancient times, Chinese sages have skillfully applied the theory to medicine field, learning and explaining physiological phenomena with the dialectical relation of the Five Elements, trying their best to adapt to internal natural laws and to master the operating mechanism of the human body to prevent and treat diseases.

Five Elements Acupuncture

What are the 5 elements of acupuncture? Five Elements acupuncture is a very ancient and miraculous acupuncture method, which can not only treat various body diseases, but also adjust people's mind and emotion, etc.

According to the five elements theory, each emotion corresponds to one organ. Happiness-heart; Anger-liver; Worry-spleen; Panic-kidney; Sadness-lung. Bad emotions can damage these organs. Acupuncture can make people feel relax, thus achieving the effect of curing diseases.

People with abnormal organs often have corresponding abnormal emotions. For example, if a person often wants to lose his temper uncontrollably, he must consider whether there is something wrong with his liver. He can treat the disease by acupuncture at the liver point.

 See Personality Analysis by Chinese Zodiac Signs + Five Elements:

- Last modified on Jun. 07, 2020 -
Questions & Answers on The Five Elements (Wu Xing)
Asked by Furi sherpa from NEPAL | Jul. 11, 2020 11:09Reply
I am water monkey and my wife is fire ox .are we compatible?
Answers (1)
Answered by Brooklyn from CAPE VERDE | Jul. 12, 2020 20:23

You are born with a nice couple. And you are all very smart people, and can be best partners in business. If the you two get together, you can create a bright future and gain an everlasting relationship.
Asked by Senorita from NEPAL | Jul. 08, 2020 10:13Reply
Water Pig Vs Water Rooster
I am water rooster born on Jan 22, 1994 and my partner is water Pig born on July 24, 1983. Should we proceed to marriage? Are we compatible element wise? Thank you in advance!
Answers (1)
Answered by Scarlett from FRANCE | Jul. 12, 2020 20:25

Both of you are ambitious, and you are good at learning from each other, which make you the best couple. Thus don't worry.
Asked by Ss from SLOVENIA | Jul. 07, 2020 12:15Reply
Fire tiger vs metal pig
I am a fire tiger and my crash is a metal pig. Are we compatible?
Answers (1)
Answered by Anna from FRANCE | Jul. 12, 2020 20:27

According to the prediction, both of you have similar values towards life. Thus you would have a large chance to obtain an everlasting marriage life. Good luck!
Asked by Kat from USA | Jun. 23, 2020 08:25Reply
I am a fire tiger and my husband is a water dog. Are we compatible?
Answers (1)
Answered by Eli from UAE | Jun. 29, 2020 02:21

Based on the Chinese zodiac prediction, you can become a good match. Your marriage life will be sweet and happy as long as one of you learns to be considerate, tolerant and understanding.
Asked by Adam from NEW ZEALAND | Jun. 20, 2020 22:29Reply
What element and planet rules my zodiac sign?
Hi, I was born on 13th January 1988 at 5:32 AM in Tokyo Japan. As for my zodiac sign, I am aware that I am a Fire Rabbit born in the month of Capricorn. But what element/planet rules me? Am I ruled by Saturn, Mars, Venus, Jupiter or Mercury? how do you determine what element or planet rules you?
Answers (2)
Answered by Mia from UAE | Jun. 21, 2020 20:50

Your element is Fire.
Answered by Adam from NEW ZEALAND | Jun. 21, 2020 22:27

Thanks for the answer so I am ruled by Mars since Mars' element is fire?
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