Dragon Boat Festival
|English:||Dragon Boat Festival, Chinese Duanwu Festival|
|Chinese:||端午节duān wǔ jié; 龙舟节lóng zhōu jié|
|Date:||5th day of 5th lunar month|
|2022 Date:||Jun. 3, 2022|
|2023 Date:||Jun. 22, 2023|
|2024 Date:||Jun. 10, 2024|
|Observed by:||All Chinese people; people in Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, USA, UK...|
Dragon Boat Festival, also called Duanwu Festival, is one of the four grandest traditional festivals in China, falling on 5th day of the 5th month in Chinese lunar calendar. The other three are Chinese New Year, Mid-Autumn Festival and Qingming Festival.
Time for Dragon Boat Race
A Day to Commemorate Qu Yuan & Ward Off Bad Things
Read more: Chinese Dragon Boat Festival Facts
When is Dragon Boat Festival? – June 3rd, 2022
In Gregorian calendar, it varies every year, generally falling in June and in a very few years in late May.
The dragon boat holiday is 3 days long. In 2022, the festival date is June 3 and the holiday lasts from June 3 to 5. In 2023, it falls on June 22 and the holiday is June 22 to 24.
|2021||June 14||June 12 - 14|
|2022||June 3||June 3 - 5|
|2023||June 22||June 22 - 24|
|2024||June 10||June 8 - 10|
|2025||May 31||May 31 - June 2|
|2026||June 19||June 19 - 21|
What is Dragon Boat Festival for?
Commemorating Qu Yuan
Why is the Dragon Boat Festival celebrated? The earliest origin of the Chinese Dragon Boat Festival can be dated to the “dragon worship” in the Prehistoric Times (1.7 million years ago - the 21st century BC), while the most popular origin is closely related to the great poet Qu Yuan in the Warring States Period (475 – 221BC).
Qu Yuan was a minister in his home State of Chu, who wrote a lot of poems and proposed many reforms to show his care and devotion to his country. After the reform failed and he was exiled by the king, he chose to drown himself on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month in the river rather than seeing his country invaded and conquered by the State of Qin. After he drowned himself, people rowed boats to save him but failed. Since then, people commemorate Qu Yuan on 5th day of 5th lunar month every year, by rowing a boat to feed fish with Zongzi, so that they would not give a bite on Qu Yuan’s body.
Great people like Wu Zixu and Cao E also died on the same day, so in certain areas, people also commemorate them during the festival.
Easing Diseases, Preventing Epidemic and Warding off Evil Spirits
Why is the Dragon Boat Festival so important? In addition to its memorial meaning, there is some actual use. Originally, the festival was set close to Summer Solstice, when pests, other poisonous animals and germs start to become more active, so people took measures to prevent the diseases and epidemics from happening on that day and later evil spirits were also added to the list to be prevented. Many of the customs have been handed down till today.
Origin and History of Dragon Boat Festival
Legend of Qu Yuan
How to Celebrate Dragon Boat Festival – Top Activities & Customs
Dragon boats are thus named because the fore and stern of the boat is in a shape of traditional Chinese dragon. A team of people works the oars in a bid to reach the destination before other teams. One team member sits at the front of the boat beating a drum in order to maintain morale and ensure that the rowers keep in time with one another. Now it has turned to be a sport event not only held in China, but also observed in Japan, Vietnam, USA, Canada and UK, etc.
Read more: Top 12 Events of Dragon Boat Racing in China
2. Eating Zongzi
Zongzi is a pyramid-shaped glutinous rice dumpling wrapped in reed leaves. It has various fillings. In north China, people favor the jujubes as the filling, while the south sweetened bean paste, fresh meat, or egg yolk. Nowadays, Zongzi already becomes a common food, which can be easily found in supermarkets and food stores. However, some families still retain the tradition to make Zongzi on the festival day.
3. Hanging Calamus and Wormwood
It is said that hanging wormwood leaves on the door can protect people living inside from diseases. Calamus leaves look like swords; they are hung to ward off evil spirits. From a scientific point of view, the Dragon Boat Festival falls in hot summer, which breeds germs easily and pests and other poisonous animals are active; both wormwood and calamus give off special fragrance, which can clean the air and drive out mosquitoes and insects, thus help people staying away from diseases and epidemics.
4. Wearing Perfume Pouches
This custom has the same purpose with hanging calamus and wormwood, as the pouches are always filled with Chinese herbal medicines which can repel pests and other poisonous animals. Nowadays, it is more popular among children and the pouches are made into various shapes, including the traditional zongzi pattern, various animals, gourd, pumpkin and flowers.
5. Pasting Portrait of Zhong Kui
Zhong Kui was a very ugly guy who is responsible for driving out evil spirits. On the festival, people paste his portrait on the door or hang it in the room to protect their house.
Dragon Boat Festival Wishes in Chinese
|端午节快乐||duān wǔ jié kuài lè||Happy Dragon Boat Festival!|
What Countries Celebrate the Dragon Boat Festival?
China, as the origin of the Dragon Boat Festival, celebrate it at the largest scale with the most activities. Some other countries in Asia, like Japan, South Korea, Vietnam, Singapore and Malaysia also celebrate it with some different features. For example, in Singapore, Nyonya, the local species and seafood are used to make Zongzi. The North America and Europe, with the immigration of Chinese, also introduced in the festival. But the celebration activity is mostly dragon boat racing.
Dragon Boat Festival Celebration around the World: Singapore, USA, Canada...
Travel Smart during Dragon Boat Festival
The 3-day holiday of Dragon Boat Festival usually gives rise to travel crowds in China. You’d better avoid this period when making a travel plan, or you need to make an early-bird booking for hotels, air and train tickets. To have a worry-free and smooth journey, you are suggested to join a tour with TravelChinaGuide. Hereunder are the bestsellers.
One Day to Great Wall, Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven…
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2. Hold and attend the Dragon Boat Race
3. Eat Zongzi
4. Wear perfumed medicine bag to ward off evil and disease
5. Drink Realgar Wine