Heavenly Stems & Earthly Branches

Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches are two sets of signs in a certain sequence, which were created by ancient Chinese people to calculate the history and record the chronological sequence of events. 
 

The Origin of Heavenly Stem and Earthly Branches


As early as about 2700BC, the ancestor of Chinese nation, Yellow Emperor (Huangdi), sent Da Rao Shi to create a calendar system. Da Rao Shi explored the rule of changes between sky and earth, as well as that of the four seasons. Then he created ten heavenly stems and twelve earthly branches to make combinations representing a sexagenary cycle. A year can be represented by the composition of two characters, one from the heavenly set, and one from the other. That is believed to be the start of the stem-branch calendar. Thus came a way of counting time which has been passed down through thousands of years.

 

The Heavenly Stems

乙   丙    戊  己  辛 
jiǎ bǐng dīng gēng xīn rén guǐ
Jia Yi Bing Ding Wu Ji Geng Xin Ren Gui

Earthly Branches

Earthly Branches can be used to count time of years, months and hours. When counting years, people use them with the 12 Chinese zodiacs and strictly one Earthly Branch corresponds to one fixed zodiac. For example, our ancestors have divided a day and night into twelve sections and named each as a 'shi chen', which is equal to today's two hours and has a fixed Earthly Branch name. From 11 pm at night to 1 am is decided to be the first one - 'zi shi', then the second two hours 'chou shi', on the analogy of this.

chǒu yín maǒ chén weì  shēn yǒu haì
Zi Chou Yin Mao Chen Si Wu Wei Shen You Xu Hai
Rat Ox Tiger Rabbit Dragon Snake Horse Sheep Monkey Rooster Dog Pig

Take the year of 2016 for example, 2016 can be described as 'Bing Shen', a combination of the third sign in Heavenly Stems and the ninth one in the Earthly Branches. Then the year of 2017 will be 'Ding You' - the fourth sign and the tenth one's association. 

The Four Pillar of Life (also the Eight Characters of Birth Time or 'ba zi' in Chinese) was very popular and mostly used in fortune-telling. In four pairs of year, month, day, and hour of a person's birth, each pair includes one Heavenly Stems and one Earthly Branchs. There are compatibility and incompatibility relations among the stems and branches. The expression of one's birth time in this way has always been vital especially when it is used for fortune foretelling.

 To know the Compatibility Charts of Chinese Zodiac Animal Signs

The Five Compatibilities of Heavenly Stems – Jia and Ji, Yi and Geng, Bing and Xin, Ding and Ren, Wu and Gui
Explanation: Wood is the corresponding element in Wu Xing to Jia, so is Earth to Ji. Wood grows in earth, so they are compatible combination. The rest can be explained in the same manner. 

The Six Combinations of Earthly Branches – Zi and Chou combined into Earth, Yin and Hai combined into Wood, Mao and Xu combined into Fire, Si and Shen combined into Water, Wu and Wei combined into the sun and moon

The Three Combinations of the Early Branches – Shen, Xi, Chen combine and form Water, Hai, Mao, Wei combine and form Wood, Yin, Wu, Xu combine and form Fire, Si, You, Chou combine and form Metal, Chen, Xu, Chou, Wei combine and forms Earth.

The following content is to introduction the braches in opposition, listing from strong to week power of harms. 

Six Clashes of the Earthly Branches – Zi vs Wu, Yin vs Shen, Mao vs You, Chen vs Xu, Si vs Hai, Chou vs Wei

Earthly Branches punishment:
Special - Yin vs Si, Si vs Shen, Shen vs Yin
Ungrateful – Chou vs Xu, Xu vs Wei, Wei vs Chou
Rudeness – Zi vs Mao
Self Punishment – Chen vs Chen, Wu vs Wu, You vs You, Hai vs Hai
Earthly Branches Harm – Zi vs Wei, Chou vs Wu, Yin vs Si, Mao vs Chen, Shen vs Hai, You vs Hai

* Please select a date according to the Gregorian calendar and search for the corresponding Chinese calendar information.

- Last modified on Jun. 14, 2021 -
Questions & Answers on Heavenly Stems & Earthly Branches
Asked by Young from UNITED STATES | Jul. 14, 2021 16:33Reply
I born in December 3rd in 1969 in South Korea. The birth time was 8:40 PM.
What would be the main events I can expect this and next year?
Answers (1)
Answered by Nancy | Jul. 19, 2021 19:53
00Reply


This year, you can work at ease and have more time to accompany your family and friends. Also, you may earn a lot from investment.
Asked by J from SINGAPORE | Jun. 11, 2021 23:29Reply
I am a female born 11 November 1997, 12.48pm. What will my love life look this year?
Answers (1)
Answered by Bailey | Jun. 14, 2021 23:33
00Reply


You are born with Chinese zodiac Ox sign. Although this year is Ben Ming Nian for you, you can still make some breakthroughs in love life especially in July and November. Good luck!
Asked by Cathy from SINGAPORE | May. 30, 2021 02:16Reply
Check
I am female born 4 jul 1974 9am would like to check if my heavenly stem yi in my luck pillar and geng in my bazi can combine or not
Answers (1)
Answered by Adam | May. 30, 2021 18:37
00Reply


Yes, they can combine. :)
Asked by RJ from PHILIPPINES | Mar. 24, 2021 08:47Reply
Hi! My birthday is Gregorian Date: January 24, 1992 and Chinese Lunar Date: December 20,1991
Will my chance to get rich this year 2021 is higher?
Answers (1)
Answered by Liam | Mar. 28, 2021 20:53
00Reply


April and June are lucky months for you to invest some money and accumulate wealth based on the prediction.
Asked by Salma from UNITED STATES | Feb. 05, 2021 16:48Reply
What will my love life look like this year?
Birthdate: March 25th 1997
Answers (1)
Answered by Donald | Feb. 07, 2021 22:29
00Reply


If you are still single, you would have a high possibilty to find the soul mate. :)
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