Chu-Han War

The Chu-Han War took place from 206 BC to 202 BC between Xiang Yu and Liu Bang, both of whom tried to claim power after the collapse of the Qin Dynasty. Both have rebelled against the Qin Dynasty's rule the moment two peasants, Chen Sheng and Wu Guang, rose up. Xiang Yu, on the one hand, was the grandson of a general in the Chu State whilst Liu Bang was the son of a peasant living in the present Jiangsu Province.

It was Liu Bang who first led his army into Xianyang (capital city of the Qin Dynasty) after defeating the Qin's army. According to King Huai's promise, the first to enter Xianyang would be regarded as the King. However, Xiang Yu killed King Huai of the Chu State and proclaimed himself the King of West Chu.

At the same time, tens of kings were designated by him, amongst whom Liu Bang was proclaimed as the King of Han. The latter accepted without objection since he felt inferior to Xiang Yu then. However, Liu Bang built up his power secretly in his land. He developed agriculture and trained soldiers by accepting the advice of his two advisers, Xiao He and Zhang Liang. As a result, his power became stronger and grew very quickly indeed.

Constant battles occurred the following years between Liu Bang and Xiang Yu, with the latter having the advantage at first. However, Liu Bang managed to turn the tide against his enemy because he was good at picking the right person and effective military strategies for the war. Knowing his defeating position, Xiang Yu quickly proposed to divide the country into two with a boundary called Honggou. The western part of Honggou was assigned to Liu Bang (Han) and the east to himself (Chu).

Not long after that, however, the former broke the agreement and Xiang Yu's troop was chased out of the Chu State. Eventually, the latter committed suicide at Wujiang River (the present northeastern part of He County, Anhui Province), thus ending the four years' war. Liu Bang then set up the Western Han Dynasty.

- Last modified on Apr. 10, 2019 -
Questions & Answers on Chu-Han War
Asked by Margo from UNITED STATES OF AMERICA | Nov. 04, 2014 09:00Reply
what is the government or the Qin dynasty?
like were they republic or democrate or something so different?
Answers (1)
Answered by Mindy from USA | Nov. 07, 2014 21:44
46Reply


It was in Qin Dynasty, the centralism started and the country was governed under the system of prefectures and countries. Only the emperor has the right to decide everything about the country and other people should listen to the emperor.
Asked by Mr.ugly from CALLFORNA | Feb. 17, 2011 09:18Reply
do u know who started the frist war????
Answers (2)
Answered by Mr.cam | Feb. 17, 2011 19:53
88Reply


Xiang Yu started the war first.
Answered by Mr.ks from MALAYSIA | Mar. 24, 2011 00:10
96Reply


xiang yu started the war against qin and liu bang was one of his follower. however, liu bang got a very smart wife and open heart which can accept good talent with least consideration of their lowly background namely han xin. he was the key to his success.
Ask a Question
Question Summary (100 characters)
Details (optional) (2,000 characters)