Terracotta Army Facts

Terracotta Army

The Terracotta Army in Xi'an, aka Terracotta Warriors and Horses, is a super large collection of life-size terra cotta sculptures in battle formations, reproducing the mega imperial guard troops of Emperor Qin Shi Huang (259 - 210BC), the first emperor of the first unified dynasty of Imperial China.

Being the most significant archeological excavations of the 20th century and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Terracotta Army is no doubt a must-see for every visitor to Xi'an.

Originally the ancient funerary project for Emperor Qin Shi Huang, the Terracotta Warriors China are now displayed in a live museum built on the site, officially named Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum Site Museum, showing the life stories of the emperor and the once powerful Qin Empire (221 – 207BC) in those days of pomp and vigor.

Terracotta Army Facts

 10 Amazing Facts You didn't Know

 History – over 2,200 years

 Chronicle – 246 BC to today

 Discovery – by local famers, in 1974

 Who Built the Terracotta Warriors?

 How the Terracotta Warriors were Made

 World Leaders & Celebrities Who Have Visited the Terracotta Army

 Overseas Exhibitions

Terracotta Army Visitor Guide

 Xi'an 1-Day Terracotta Warrior Tours
 3-Day Private Xi'an Tour from $299
 8-Day Beijing / Xi'an / Shanghai Small Group Tour from $1089

 How to Tour the Terracotta Army – Day tour plan for independent travelers

What to See

1. Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses

 Insider's Suggestion:    MUST-SEE, 2 to 4 hours

It contains 3 major pits tagged in the order of their discoveries and the Bronze Chariots and Horses Exhibition Hall.

 Pit 1:   the largest; found in 1974 and opened to the public on Oct. 1st, 1979. There is the vanguard in three rows followed by a massive battle array of infantry and war chariots.

 Pit 2:   found in 1976; 20 meters northeast of No. 1 Pit. It is the most spectacular one for the variety of divisions including infantry, crossbow team, cavalry, and 80 chariots.

 Pit 3:   found in 1976; 25 meters northwest of No. 1 Pit. It was the command post of the armed forces, with 68 warriors and a chariot led by four horses.

2. Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum Site Park (Lishan Garden)

 Insider's Suggestion:   extra 2 hours, for slow paced travelers, in-depth visit

centering on the burial mound of Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum, with several Accessory Pits around, including:

 Pit K0006 – Civil Official Figures

 Pit K0007 – Bronze Aquatic Birds (not open yet)

 Pit K9801 – Stone Armor and Helmets (not open yet)

 Pit K9901 – Acrobatics Figures

Currently, there are no direct public transport means to Terracotta Army from downtown Xi'an. Therefore, the best option is to join a Xi'an day tour involving this site with attracting service and price.

If you wish to travel independently, please follow the following instructions:
1. Take metro line 1 to the terminal stop Fangzhicheng. After getting off the metro, you can see the Ticket Hall on the underground floor of Fangzhicheng Bus Station. Buy a ticket for the tourist bus line 5 (306), which operates between 7:00 and 19:00, at the fare of CNY 5. It will take you to the Terracotta Warriors Museum.

2. Bus 307 runs from Tangchengqiang Jiuqu Bus Hub to the museum in 1.5 hours and costs CNY 8 per person, passing by Tang Paradise, Big Wild Goose Pagoda, Banpo Museum Bus Hub, and Huaqing Pool.

3. A taxi from downtown Xi'an to the museum takes 40-50 minutes and costs about CNY 150.

How to get to Terracotta Warriors from Xi'an Airport

1. Take airport shuttle bus to Xi'an Railway Station in one hour. Afterwards, walk southward for about 800 meters (875 yards) or take bus 42 to Wulukou. Then take metro line 1 to Fangzhicheng Bus Station and trasfer to tourist bus line 5 (306) to the Terracotta Warriors and Horses. 
2. Take airport shuttle bus to Lintong in one hour, and then take bus Lintong 101 to the museum in 20 minutes.
3. A taxi from Xi'an Airport to Terracotta Army takes 70 minutes and costs about CNY 200.

How to get to Terracotta Warriors from Xi'an North Railway Station

1. Free shuttle buses run between North Railway Station and the museum. A single journey takes one hour.
2. Taxi: 1 hour; about CNY 160.

How to get to Terracotta Warriors from Xi'an / Beijing / Shanghai

Ticket Price

CNY 120; free for children under 1.4 m (4.6 ft); children taller than 1.4m and under age 16 can enjoy half-price tickets; foreign students studying in China with valid student ID can enjoy half-price tickets.
1. The fare is for the through ticket of Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum Site Museum, including the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses, Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum Site Park (Lishan Garden), and the shuttle bus between the two spots available from 8:30 to 18:30.
2. Visitors need to show identity cards or passports when buying tickets and entering the museum.

Audio Guide Rent: CNY 40 per person; Deposit: CNY 100
Opening Hours March 16 to November 15: 8:30 - 18:00, ticketing stops at 17:00;
November 16 to March 15: 8:30 - 17:30, ticketing stops at 16:30.
Time for a Visit 3 hours

Further Reading

About the Master of Terracotta Army China - Qin Shi Huang

Upon ascending the throne at the age of 13, Emperor Qin Shi Huang had begun to prepare for his mausoleum. Taking 11 years to finish, the mausoleum is speculated to house many treasures and sacrificial objects. The most amazing masterpiece should be the Terracotta soldiers guarding the emperor in his life after death.

 Military Formation           Weaponry

Features of Statues

Top 10 Things to Do in Xi'an
- Last modified on Oct. 30, 2019 -
Questions & Answers on Terracotta Army, Xi'an
Asked by S.Dighe from USA | Nov. 12, 2019 11:24Reply
Do i have enough time to go to the terracotta warriors?
I am purchasing a around trip ticket to Manila Philippines. While making a stop i can I travel to see Terracotta warriors and rejoin a flight to Manila in Beijing.
Asked by bina from CANADA | Oct. 06, 2019 12:54Reply
Direct bus from Xi'an Airport to Terra cotta warriors
Have limited time to view the Terra Cotta warriors.............which is better Taxi or direct bus......... how much time does it take?

2. Bus or taxi to Xi'an North Railway station in the afternoon.
Answers (1)
Answered by Molly from NEW ZEALAND | Oct. 13, 2019 18:22

1. You can take shuttle bus line of Lintong to Lintong Coach station, but the bus departs from 9:30 to 19:30 with interval of 1 hour. after you arrive Lintong Coach station, you can take direct bus to the attraction. It takes around 2.5 hours.
2. You can take bus 307 to Fangzhicheng station, then transfer to metro line 1 to Beidajie station, and take metro line 2 to the final station. It takes around 2.5 hours.
Asked by Raminta from LITHUANIA | Aug. 18, 2019 06:17Reply
Do you know whether we can bring our large backpacks with us to the Terracota/museum?
Answers (1)
Answered by Larson from USA | Aug. 20, 2019 18:37

You can bring your bag as long as there are no flammable and explosive items, knives, beverages, etc.
Asked by C from CARIBBEAN | Jul. 26, 2019 22:35Reply
Free shuttle bus of Xi'an Xianyang Airport
I have just spoken with the reception desk at the hotel where I will be staying. They said the free shuttle bus from Xi'an North Station to the Terracotta Army has been canceled for some time. Can anyone confirm this? Thank you.
Answers (2)
Answered by Kenny from USA | Jul. 28, 2019 20:27

Sorry, I haven't heard about this news of cancelation. As I know, the bus lines still operation.
Answered by Raminta from LITHUANIA | Aug. 18, 2019 06:13

No free shuttle bus from the North Railway Station unfortunately. At least this is what I was told today there. The free shuttle runs from another railway station.
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