Terracotta Warriors Pit 1
|Terracotta Warriors Pit 1 Pictures|
This pit was discovered by local villagers in March 1974. They found fragments of terracotta warriors and many bronze weapons after being buried underground for over 2,000 years. After careful excavations on the Terracotta Army Pit 1, a large arched hall with an area of 16,000 square meters (19,136 square yards) was built above the pit in 1976 for the purpose of protection. On October 1st, 1979, this Pit was opened to the public.
How Does the Terracotta Warriors Pit 1 Look Like?
The archeological excavations found burned traces of black charcoal in Pit 1. Some experts guess that it could be Xiang Yu – overlord in the West Chu Period (232 – 202 BC), who set fire to the pit, which caused the pit to collapse and many terracotta warriors and horses being destroyed.
Why are there partition walls in the pit of Terracotta Army?How did the Terracotta Army get burnt and destroyed?
What to See Inside Terracotta Warriors Pit 1?
Terracotta Warriors and Horses
The army inside Pit 1is mainly composed of the infantry, cavalry, chariot soldiers and archers, and they are marshaled into a well-organized battle array in the pit. To the east of Pit 1, the vanguard includes more than 200 archers divided equally into three lines. The infantry and cavalry as well as war chariot follow close in line, forming the main body of the battle formation. The foot soldiers are alternated with the chariots drawn by horses, lined into 38 columns. On both the northern and southern sides of the war formation stand 180 warriors which serve as flank guards. The rear guards are on the western end, with two lines facing east and another facing west.
During the excavation, in addition to the terracotta warriors and horses, archeologists discovered a variety of different weaponry including bronze swords, spears, crossbows, arrows and billhooks. Among them, Qin crossbow is regarded as the King of Cold Weapons.
While entering from its east main gate, you can have a full view of the whole pit from the front side. Then go farther south, more details of the terracotta warriors and horses can be seen. The exit is in the northwest corner. After getting out, you can find the entrance of the Pit 3 not far away. Opposite to the exit of Pit 3 is the entrance of Pit 2.
Recommended Tour Itinerary:
Terracotta Warriors Tour: One-day to visit Terracotta Warriors and Horses and more
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