Pit K0006 - Civil Official Figures
In 2000, the archaeologists at the Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum discovered an accessory pit with 12 pottery figures. There are 8 civil official figures among them, which makes this pit gain the name, Civil Official Figures Pit. This pit numbered Pit K0006 is located at the southwest corner, inside the inner city of the mausoleum, covering an area of totally 410 square meters (490 square yards). It consists of three parts: slope gateway, front pit and back pit, stretching like a Chinese characters “中”. It is worth mentioning that this pit is not burnt by fire, which is quite rare in the Mausoleum of the Emperor Qin Shihuang.
At the entrance of the slope gateway, the archaeologists found a track of the ancient wooden carriage which was predicted to have two wheels and a single axle.
The front pit measuring 10.6 meters (35 feet) long and 4.05 (13 feet) meters wide mainly holds the terracotta figures, including 8 civil official figures and 4 charioteer figures. These pottery figures were originally painted with different colors. However, only the faces kept with some remaining colors when they were excavated because of the groundwater erosion and pit collapse. These 12 figures are supposed to have the rank of nobility for wearing a kind of ancient hats.
The civil official figures in Pit K0006 are also called Xiushou Figure. Compared to the warrior figures in Pit 1, the civil official figures seem to be gentler, who wear the long gown, belt, pants and shoes of square head. The archaeologists found some ornaments on these figures, which are regarded as the stationeries in ancient times. Besides, there is an oval hole without any relics between the left arm and the body of Xiushou Figure. Therefore, the archaeologists presumed there could be a bamboo slip, which was used to record information. That’s why these figures are regarded as “civil official figures”. The charioteer figures, known as Yushou Figure, stretch their arms with Semi-clenched hands, which seem to hold the bridle rein. They are conjectured to be the cart drivers in the ancient times.
These pottery figures were broken to different extends when they were excavated. At present, only nine figures are repaired and five of them are displayed in this Pit K0006. One of these pottery figures is 1.89 meters (6.2 feet) tall, wearing a gentle simle, which seems quite reverent and respectful. These static figures with different expressions show their special status and psychological activities vividly. Other than these pottery figures, some pottery jars, Bronze Yue Axe and horse harnesses were also discovered in the front pit.
At the length of 20.2 meters (66 feet) and width of 3.9 meters (13 feet), the back pit of Pit K0006 mostly keeps the horse bones. Among them, 9 horse head can be recognized clearly. Referring to their arrangement density, there may be over 20 real horses buried in this pit and their heads lie towards to the north.
Although this accessory Pit K0006 doesn’t have a large scale, it shows different pottery figures from the Terracotta Army, which helps to study and get to know better of the Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum.
1. The entrance fee of Pit K0006 is included in the through ticket of the Terracotta Army.
2. You can take a free shuttle bus from the Terracotta Army Museum to Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum Site Park (Lishan Garden) to see this accessory pit.