Stories of Terracotta Warriors

 Stories before Unearthing
Broken Pieces
Broken Pieces of
Stone Armor

Before the Qin Terracotta Warriors unearthed, the land above the soldiers was a large piece of barren pebbles beach, where over 10 ancient tombs from Han (206BC-220) to Qing (1644-1911) dynasties have been discovered. The excavation of these tombs reached as deep as the horizon of soil where buried the terracotta warriors and certainly destroyed the warriors. Having no knowledge about the value of the warriors' fragments, the grave diggers just left them scatter in the land. The seemingly weird land made the local people keep it at a respectable distance.

During a long period of time before the terracotta warriors were formally unearthed, the innocent villagers continually picked up the warriors' fragments for their own use. A villager found a good brick rod whose central part was slightly curved. As it was a long tradition for Shaanxi People to sleep with heads resting on bricks, he thought it was a nice pillow. But the next day, he found the "pillow" was crawling with maggots. The nauseated sight made him goose lumps and he began to doubt that the "pillow" may be an unlucky funerary objects. Through a careful observation, though finally he was sure that the maggots were from a dead rat, he found that the brick rod was a part of arm of a terracotta warrior or a horse leg which unearthed near the present Pit 2.

In March 1974, the villagers dug wells in this wasteland. When dug a distance of over seven feet deep, they accidentally discovered the burned earth, even deeper, some cavity potteries which looked like human bodies were appeared, and when reached over sixteen feet deep, they found the floor was covered with a piece of blue bricks above which scattered the pottery pieces of human heads, arms and legs. "Is it a site of ancient temple?" they wondered.

The news spread rapidly in the village. The superstitious old women believed that the digging had disturbed the Earth God. When the night fell, they would come to the site to burn incense and kowtow. An old man thought probably birds would be scared if they saw the weird terracotta warriors, so he put a straw hat on a warrior to make it act like a scarecrow in the sweet potato land. Moreover, the bronze weapons like the arrow heads discovered at the same time were sold as cheap as metal scraps.

However, the team leader in the village found the terracotta warriors were unusual. He immediately reported the case to the superiors, and after full analysis and research from multi-side participation, in 1976, the Chinese government confirmed the royal identity of these Qin terracotta warriors and horses as well as decided to build a museum on the site where they were unearthed. Later, another two pits were discovered. The three pits covered an area of over 23,920 square yards and unearthed over 7,000 terracotta warriors and horses in total.

In 1978, the former French president Jacques Chirac visited the Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses. He called the Qin warriors "the eighth wonder of the world". From then on the Qin terracotta warriors became famous all over the world.
Yang Zhifa, discoverer of terra cotta warriors
Yang Zhifa is the discoverer of
terracotta warriors.
Liyi Site, The Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang
Liyi Site, The Mausoleum of
Emperor Qin Shi Huang
Broken pieces
Unearthed Terracotta Warriors Pieces
Terra cotta warriors excavation and protection
Broken Pieces of Terracotta Warriors
The Foundation of the Mausoleum
The Foundation of the Mausoleum
The Architectural Ruins of the Mausoleum
The Architectural Ruins of the Mausoleum
 Logos of Terracotta Army Museum
On October 10 2009, the 35th anniversary of the discovery of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses, the logo of the Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Terracotta Army Museum was announced to the public. The logo geometrically abstracts the terracotta warriors and horses, in which every warrior is generalized into a round dot, and the collective dots resemble the combat formation. Above the dots, a long curve stands for the vast vault and rolling Lishan Mountain. The overall design is exactly like the sealing earth of the Mausoleum and also implies that the Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Terracotta Army Museum is a part of the Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum Site Museum.

In the meantime, the logo of the Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum Site Museum was published. The design perfectly blends the appearance of the sealing earth of the Mausoleum with Chinese character "Qin" written in mini-seal script. The middle pattern is drawn from the decoration of the eaves tile in Qin Dynasty, and also highlights the strength of Qin military. The logo is a sign of the military culture in Qin Dynasty.

 Recommended Tour Itinerary:
Terracotta Warriors Tour: One-day to visit Terracotta Warriors and Horses and more
More Xian Tours