Chronicle of Terracotta Army
|Chronicle/ Timeline of Terracotta Army|
|246 BC - 208 BC||Terracotta Army was constructed by the side of Emperor Qin Shi Huang’s Mausoleum to protect him in his after life, taking nearly 40 years.|
|Around 206 BC||The Terracotta Warriors and Horses suffered natural flood disaster and man-made destructions by Xiangyu, the overlord of Western Chu (232 BC - 202 BC) and his army.|
|1974||In March, the Terracotta Army was first discovered by local villagers when digging a well. It is located to the east of Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum mound. That’s the Pit 1.|
|1975||In June, the fishpond site was discovered for the first time.|
In August, the State Council decided to construct a museum right above the original site of terracotta army to have the pottery warriors and horses on display and protected.
In May, the Pit 2 was found to the east of Qin Shi Huang’s mausoleum mound.
|In June, the Pit 3 was found to the east side of the mausoleum mound as well.|
|In October, the sites of Stable Pits and subordinate tombs were found.|
|1977 - 1978||To the west of the mausoleum mound, rare birds and animals pit was discovered between July of 1977 and March of 1978.|
The Terracotta Army Museum was opened to the public on October 1st. Only Pit 1 was discovered and exhibited at that time.
|The builder's graveyard was discovered in December of the year.|
In November, pottery kiln used to fire the terracotta warriors and horses was found to the west of the mausoleum mound.
|The archaeologists discovered and excavated the bronze chariots and horses in December.|
|1981||In November, the office site used to operating the mausoleum was found.|
|1982||The first overseas exhibition of Terracotta Army was hold in Paris, France in March. |
See Full List of Overseas Exhibitions
|1981 - 1982||It was probed that there is a large amount of hydrargyrum contained inside the mound of Qinshihuang's mausoleum.|
|1987||On December 11th, the Emperor Qin Shi Huang’s Mausoleum, including Terracotta Army was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List.|
|1989||On September 27th, the Pit 3 was officially opened to visitors.|
|1994||The Pit 2 was officially opened to visitors on October 1st.|
In April, the animal accessory pit was found to the north of the mausoleum mound.
|1996 is also the year finding Pit K9801 buried with stone armor and helmets, which has a rectangular layout structure.|
|The excavation workers found another builder's graveyard of Qinshihuang's mausoleum in November.|
|1998||In order to protect and study the Terracotta Army more scientifically, a professional archaeological team was organized in November to conduct high-efficiency archaeological research.|
|Pit K9901 buried with acrobatics figures and some bronze wares were observed.|
|The Exhibition Hall of Historical Relics of Emperor Qin Shihuang's Mausoleum was completed and opened on October 1st.|
|2000||The archaeological workers found the well-preserved Pit K0006, buried with civil official figures.|
|2001||To the north of the mausoleum mound of the first emperor, the distinctive Pit K0007 was found in August, buried with bronze aquatic birds.|
|2009||The establishment of Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum Site Museum was proclaimed, including Terracotta Army Museum and Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum Site (Lishan Garden in history).|
|2010||The Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum Site Museum was opened. It is one of China’s first national archaeological parks.|
|2011||Accessory Pit K0006 and Pit K9901 were opened to the visitors on 30th September.|
|2011 - today||The excavation work continues and more and more terracotta warriors and horses have been found. Also, the technologies to protect them developed a lot.|
History of Terracotta Army
Discovery of Terracotta Army
Recommended Tour Itinerary:
Terracotta Warriors Tour: One-day to visit Terracotta Warriors and Horses and more
More Xi'an Tours
- Last modified on Nov. 10, 2017 -
Questions & Answers on Chronicle of Terracotta Army