Compared with the quantity of the cavalries, horses, and other figures in Terracotta Army
, the number of the unearthed infantry warriors is found to be the most, about 7,000 pieces have been unearthed up to now. Regularly and solemnly standing in the pits, they are the real reflection for the army formation of that time. In Chinese ancient time, the infantry first appeared in the Xia Dynasty
(21st century BC – 16th century BC). For the Qin Dynasty
(221 BC – 207 BC), the scale of infantry military grew rapidly and became the largest group in the army, and these indispensable soldiers made significant contribution for Qin's unification of China. Different Status of Terracotta Infantry Warriors
The infantry figures are also called the infantry soldiers wearing armors. Based on different status, the 7,000 pieces infantry figures are divided into two major categories, general figures and soldier figures. Moreover, the general figures have different classes covering general figures, junior general figures and lower general figures, while the soldier figures contain two types of heavy infantry and light infantry. Among them, the junior general are the majority figures excavated up to now. In addition to this, there are standing and kneeling figures with the crossbow in their hands. The prominent characteristics of these warriors are their diverse clothing and different hair styles, which are very helpful for people to distinguish the status easily.
|General Figure || |
|Lower-ranking General Figure || |
|Terracotta Soldier |
The most distinguished difference among the general figures, junior general figures and lower general figures, as well as the soldier figures is the headwear. Unlike other infantry warriors, the general figures have the He crown on their heads, and the junior general figures and lower general figures wear the double-ban crown and single-ban crown respectively. Relatively speaking, the shape of the He crown is special. Its front part looks like a square plate, while the latter part is twisty as the tail of pheasant; the double-ban crown and single-ban crown have the same trapezoidal shape, but there is a seam in the middle of the double-ban crown. For the soldier figures, they have no right to wear crown. Just a piece of cloth is used to warp their hair, some of them even don’t have this cloth. In addition to the above characteristics, the general figures are particularly tall and strong, with the collar flowers and shoulder flowers decorated on the clothes.
|General's Headwear || |
|Headwear of Middle and Lower Ranking General |
As for the diverse clothing styles, it is another useful clue for people to recognize their status. The general figures wear color painting armor with isosceles-triangle hemline in the front, and they are also dressed in the red rob covered by black jacket. The junior general figures and lower general figures are also easy to be recognized because of their short armors and elbow guards, long pants and the ankle boots. The soldier figures only have the coat armor for the ease of fighting. It can be found out that some of the soldier figures originally held the long-pole weapons based on their standing posture. They have the same size as the real human and horses, and their appearance and manner are also similar to the soldiers in the battle.
See details of Dressing of Terracotta Warriors.