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|Qin Dynasty Map|
During the late Warring States Period (476 BC - 221 BC), the state of Qin was in its full development. When Yingzheng was in his reign, he defeated the other six states (Han, Zhao, Wei, Yan, Chu and Qi), from 230 BC to 221 BC. So ending the chaos caused by wars among vassals that had lasted over 500 years. He established a unified and centralized country and declared Xianyang, in Shaanxi Province, the capital city of the Qin.
A series of effective measures has been taken during the reign of Yingzheng. He contributed much to the development of his country. However, during the late period of his reign, he was cruel and oppressive to his people, and caused dissatisfaction. After he died, Hu Hai succeeded him. However, he was so fatuous that caused the uprising led by peasants, Chen Sheng and Wu Guang. Later the insurgency was led by Xiang Yu and Liu Bang. In 207 BC, Xiang Yu's army defeated the Army of Qin and Liu Bang swept into the capital which finally ended the Qin Dynasty.
At the end of the Qin Dynasty in 207 BC, war broke out between Liu bang and Xiang Yu. It was known as the Chu-Han war, and it lasted for four years, ending with the victory of Liu Bang, who later established the Western Han Dynasty.
Measures Taken by Emperor Qin
|Terra Cotta Army|
In politics, he declared himself the Emperor of the state. All major powers including politics, economy, military affairs were in his hand. Executive organizations both in the central and local places were systematically reorganized and local counties were restructured.
In his economy, he standardized weights and measures and he stipulated that the round coin with square hole (Ban Liang Coin) should be the coin used in the country.
In Addition, he standardized the written character, making the Qinzhuan the standard font. He also placed great importance on infrastructure: irrigation works and road building projects. The miracle of the world, the Great Wall of China, was built under his order. All that he achieved had promoted the development of Qin's economy.
Emperor Qin Shi Huang was a tyrant despite his contributions to the country. To prevent his people to think freely, he burnt many books which he feared would affect people's thinking. Worse, in his second year, after he learnt some scholars' discussions about his arrogance, he buried 460 of them alive. In history, these two events are called 'To Burn the Books and Bury the Scholars Alive'. And yet, at the same time, he ordered to build luxurious palaces, the Great Wall, the famous Terra-Cotta Warriors and Horses, together with his own mausoleum, by imposing on the masses, through hard labor, heavy taxes, and rigorous law and military service, giving the community a difficult and arduous existence.
- Last updated on May. 15, 2023 -
Questions & Answers on Qin Dynasty
Asked by Athena from USA | May. 14, 2023 17:58Reply
Who were the main people who were involved in the Qin Dynasty?
Answered by Emily | May. 15, 2023 02:15
Emperor Qin Shi Huang - Yingzheng is the first emperor in Chinese history.
Asked by Jack from AUSTRALIA | Mar. 07, 2020 00:00Reply
What is the significance of the Qin Dynasty, excluding unifying the country & regulating the langaug
Answered by Ray from USA | Mar. 09, 2020 11:27
Qin Shi Huangdi also unified the measuring units(weight, length etc), established the standard road width, and flow production army weapons
Answered by grace | Dec. 23, 2021 11:41
the purpose is to create a standard in measuring system, it's an establishmrnt of his great work and inspiration.
Asked by Kylee from USA | Mar. 26, 2019 14:17Reply
Why was the Qin Dynasty significant?
Answered by Bowen from USA | Mar. 27, 2019 19:03
Because it is the first dynasty that the rulers unified the whole country. They regulated the same language and start a new political system, which had laid a solid ground for the next generations' govern.
Answered by Fiona from AUSTRALIA | Aug. 31, 2019 00:51
It was the start of a unified China. Qin Shi Huangdi (or King Zheng) burnt lots of books and everyone spoke the same language, making the country have one idea, and one history.