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Great Wall of China

Badaling Great Wall
Badaling, Beijing
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The Great Wall of China, one of the greatest wonders of the world, was listed as a World Heritage by UNESCO in 1987. Just like a gigantic dragon, it winds up and down across deserts, grasslands, mountains and plateaus, stretching approximately 21,196 kilometers from east to west of China.

With a history of about 2,700 years, some of the Great Wall sections are now in ruins or have disappeared. However, the Great Wall of China is still one of the most appealing attractions all around the world owing to its architectural grandeur and historical significance.

 Great Wall FAQ
How long is the Great Wall of China?
 How tall is the Great Wall of China?
Can it be Seen from the Space?
Chinese Name: 长城/万里长城
Chinese Pinyin: Cháng Chéng/Wàn Lǐ Cháng Chéng
Length: 21,196.18 kilometers
(13,170.70 miles)
Construction Period: 2,500 years from the Spring and Autumn Period (770 – 476 BC)  to 1878 in late Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911)
Having a wonderful Great Wall tour is a must for one’s China trip. Along this super long wall, Beijing ranks the top destination for its proper maintenance of the abundant wall relics of the Ming Dynasty. Badaling and Mutianyu are best sections to see neat and complete walls and beacon towers; while Jinshanling and Simatai offer challenging Great Wall hiking routes with open and wild scenery. Want to discover the charm of the wall with TravelChinaGuide? Let’s get started!

 See Great Wall Tour Tips for making a practical travel plan, including the best travel time, packing list as well as health and safety concerns.
The Wall we see today was mostly built during the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644). It starts from Hushan in the east to Jiayuguan Pass in the west traversing Liaoning, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Gansu and Qinghai. Here lists the famous sections for you to know the incredible diversity of scenery along the wall and practical travel tips.

 See which section to visit
Excitement abounds regarding the vicissitude of the Wall of the Qin, Han, and Ming Dynasties.

The Great Wall was originally built in the Spring and Autumn, and Warring States Periods as a defensive fortification by the three states: Yan, Zhao and Qin. It went through constant extensions and repairs in later dynasties. It began as independent walls for different states when it was first built, and did not become the "Great" wall until the Qin Dynasty.

Emperor Qin Shi Huang succeeded in his effort to have the walls joined together to fend off the invasions from the Huns in the north. Since then, the Wall has served as a monument of the Chinese nation throughout history.
The mystery of the construction of the wall is amazing. The construction, which drew heavily on the local resources for construction materials, was carried out in-line with the local conditions under the management of contract and responsibility system. A great army of manpower, composed of soldiers, prisoners and local people, built the wall. The construction result demonstrates the wisdom and tenacity of the Chinese people.
Consisting of the wall, beacon towers, and passes, etc, the long-extending Great Wall worked as a complete and solid military defense line in ancient China, protecting the Central Plain from invasions of northern nomadic tribes.
Great Wall carries a considerable part of Chinese culture. It has long been incorporated into Chinese mythology and symbolism. The most well-known legend is about the collapse of a section of the Wall caused by Meng Jiangnu, who cried bitterly over the death of her husband after he died while building the wall. This legend has been spread widely through textbooks, folk songs and traditional operas.
Following a 45-day long survey of 101 sections of the Wall in different provinces, the China Great Wall Academy reported on December 12, 2002 that the forces of nature and destruction by mankind are bringing about gradual reduction of extent of the Wall with the result that less than 30% remains in good condition. The Academy has called for greater protection of this important relic.

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- Last modified on May. 13, 2019 -
Questions & Answers on China Great Wall
Asked by Melinda from US | May. 11, 2019 23:08Reply
Hi we are visiting Shanghai with the 144hr visa in June. Is it possible to get a 24hr visa
for Beijing to do the bullet train and a 1 day trip to see the Great Wall and then go back that night to our hotel in Shanghai?
Answers (1)
Answered by Alaina from FINLAND | May. 13, 2019 00:25

No, according to this situation, you are not eligible for the 24 hours visa free policy in Beijing. You need to apply for the visa in advance in your country.
Asked by FLYNZB9957 | Apr. 21, 2019 13:49Reply
How many people did it take to build the Great Wall of China?
Answers (1)
Answered by Emma from USA | Apr. 22, 2019 01:21

The Great Wall was built for several times in different dynasties. Every time there were more than one million people to build it.
Asked by anita easterling from USA | Apr. 09, 2019 13:06Reply
i am a US citizen from the Philippines. i"m planning to tour China from Phil.
first week of January for 5 days,I have no tickets yet. i have to book it in Philippines
Answers (1)
Answered by Jesse from USA | Apr. 09, 2019 18:43

If you mean Great Wall tickets, you don't have to book them in advance. You can buy it after arriving at the Great Wall.
Asked by Tobi from GERMANY | Feb. 16, 2019 21:44Reply
To great Wall between 10.40am and Next das 2am
Hallo i have Time from arrived at the airport Beijing int.at 10'40 am to 2am at the Next das ( airport int). Im want to go to the great wall if possible One my One because the costs. Is there and bus ore train to the wall?
Answers (1)
Answered by Nick from AUSTRALIA | Feb. 17, 2019 22:27

There is no direct bus and you need to transfer. First, take Shuttle Bus Line 4 to Xibahe, then transfer to Bus Line 916 to Huairou North Avenue. Then transfer to the Bus Line H07 to Xinying, then you can arrive at the Mutianyu Great Wall. It takes about 2.5 hours for a single journey.
Asked by John from SOUTH AFRICA | Feb. 03, 2019 09:06Reply
Good day Traveling to Beijing in September
We have 13 days in China with my family landing in Beijing the traveling to Datong
Then to xinzhou
Then to Taiyuan.
Need help to find 2 best places to see on the way back to Beijing either along the coast or alternative.
We have 4 days to work with. We would also like to see the Great Wall on the way back
We enjoy culture, food and architecture.
Can You advise
Kind regards
Answers (1)
Answered by Dylan from AUSTRALIA | Feb. 10, 2019 21:55

Maybe you can take a high speed train from Taiyuan to Xi'an, where you can see the famous Terracotta Warriors. Then go back to Beijing to see the Great Wall.
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